Definition of capitulation in English:



  • 1The action of surrendering or ceasing to resist an opponent or demand.

    ‘the victor sees it as a sign of capitulation’
    [count noun] ‘a capitulation to wage demands’
    • ‘But there was also boundless sympathy for Norman, whose extraordinary capitulation lived with him long after.’
    • ‘Let's not assume that calls for other than military solutions are capitulation to terrorism.’
    • ‘In the military sense capitulation provides a means to end conflict, either at local or a wider level.’
    • ‘All around the world, Britain's defeat or capitulation was expected within weeks.’
    • ‘What is called for in this matter is neither war nor capitulation.’
    • ‘It's the way to confound those who cynically try to use ‘inactivity by the members’ as an excuse for capitulation.’
    • ‘What it says seems rather to indicate a more general capitulation among many so-called left of centre bloggers and journalists.’
    • ‘Historically, such a profoundly submissive capitulation, as took place in the Soviet case, was a rarity.’
    • ‘Should we be surprised by the extent of England's capitulation?’
    • ‘They nearly enveloped it, which would have led to immediate capitulation of the English at Quebec.’
    • ‘Finally, Stalin promised Soviet entry into the war with Japan around three months after German capitulation.’
    • ‘There are some signs of at least partial capitulation to the merchants by the clearance provider.’
    • ‘Simply put, some investors believe that true capitulation is the sign of a bottom.’
    • ‘We are dealing with an absolutist culture that demands total capitulation or nothing.’
    • ‘Fighting ceased on October 2 with the formal capitulation of the Home Army forces.’
    • ‘The capitulation of the left on economic growth parallels its defeat and marginalisation in political struggles.’
    • ‘Both assumptions have always been dubious, and are even more so after last week's capitulation.’
    • ‘The Americans have stopped pretending, and now demand outright capitulation to its hegemony.’
    • ‘The tenor of the campaign revealed a determination to achieve capitulation, not compromise.’
    • ‘There is no compromise with such an enemy, no capitulation to him, no way to avoid casualties, no easy way out.’
    surrender, submission, yielding, giving in, succumbing, acquiescence, laying down of arms
    fall, defeat
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1historical An agreement or set of conditions.
      • ‘If these capitulations contain conditions which curtail the jurisdiction or the prerogatives of the bishop, the privileges of the diocese, or the like, then they do not bind the candidate-elect.’
      • ‘Capitulations were abolished in Turkey in 1923 and in Egypt in 1937.’


Mid 16th century: from late Latin capitulatio(n-), from the verb capitulare (see capitulate).