Definition of capitate in US English:



Botany Zoology
  • Ending in a distinct compact head.

    • ‘In the absence of UV-B, both peltate and capitate glands were incompletely developed in both mature and developing leaves, the oil sacs being wrinkled and only partially filled.’
    • ‘There is a small fossa on the postorbital's surface at the anteromedial corner of the supratemporal fossa for the laterosphenoid's capitate process.’
    • ‘A description might read, ‘Leaves pubescent with capitate trichomes, or farinose when dry.’’
    • ‘In a recent study of Lamiaceae secretory structures, Corsi and Bottega identified four different types of capitate trichomes on the leaves of Salvia officinalis, in addition to peltate trichomes.’
    • ‘The capitate processes are small and visible through the supratemporal fenestrae dorsally, fitting within fossae in the postorbitals.’


  • The largest of the carpal bones, situated at the base of the palm of the hand and articulating with the third metacarpal.

    • ‘Gymnasts' wrist injury includes distal radius stress fractures, scaphoid stress fracture, avascular necrosis of the capitate, ulnar carpal abutment, and dorsal impingement.’
    • ‘Avascular necrosis of the capitate bone is a rare clinical entity, and it is usually a sequel to serious trauma.’
    • ‘The distal row of carpals includes the hamate, capitate, trapezium, and trapezoid, which are closely approximated to the metacarpals.’
    • ‘The lesion is thought to be caused by attenuation of the ulnar V ligament connecting the capitate with the distal carpal row to the triquetrum of the proximal row.’


Mid 17th century: from Latin capitatus, from caput, capit-, ‘head’.