Definition of capitalize in English:



  • 1[no object] Take the chance to gain advantage from.

    ‘an attempt by the opposition to capitalize on the government's embarrassment’
    • ‘While capitalizing on nature's advantages, Resurgence Theatre will also address some of her disadvantages.’
    • ‘The Scots were also keen to capitalize on their chance to take over first place.’
    • ‘The hosts staged a revival, though, and some controversial refereeing gave them an advantage they capitalised on.’
    • ‘His new book capitalizes on the advantages - and suffers from the defects - of his previous effort.’
    • ‘Now their main fallibility is not being able to capitalise on chances.’
    • ‘Media Houses lost the edge when players failed to capitalize on some good scoring chances.’
    • ‘However, if several people gather their forces together to buy a better horse, than they have a good chance of capitalizing on the strong market.’
    • ‘In many ways, women have always been pushing the envelope and creating ground-level gains that are capitalized on by male leaders.’
    • ‘Norwich capitalised on their numerical advantage by taking the lead after 56 minutes.’
    • ‘The new army, capitalizing on the advantage of France's vast population, would be made up largely of citizen conscripts.’
    • ‘Dundee were more alert and more athletic, and they sensed a chance to capitalise on that.’
    • ‘Their emboldened foreign rivals will be working just as hard to capitalize on their gains.’
    • ‘With Mars looming large in the morning sky, astronomers are capitalizing on a great chance to study our neighbouring planet.’
    • ‘If a team can do that then it demonstrates its resolve and has a chance of capitalising on the baggage of Nemo's defeats in 2001 and 2002.’
    • ‘In general play, Cork achieved a lot up to the point of capitalising on their chances and this weakness was to cost them dearly in the long run.’
    • ‘They couldn't capitalize on this last chance and the game moved on to penalty-strokes.’
    • ‘With Boulevard not having capitalized on their earlier advantage, Fort Charlotte seemed desperate to break through the ranks.’
    • ‘Jon intends to change all that by capitalizing on the momentum gained by groups such as MoveOn.’
    • ‘Additionally, local cable affiliates can gain exposure by capitalizing on local sponsorship components.’
    • ‘Candidates are not the only ones to capitalize on the advantages mass e-mail provides.’
    take advantage of, profit from, turn to account, make capital out of, make the most of, exploit, benefit from, put to advantage
    strike while the iron is hot, make hay while the sun shines
    cash in on
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  • 2[with object] Provide (a company or industry) with capital.

    ‘a highly capitalized industry’
    • ‘Members have to invest a set percentage of their annual sales to capitalize this business.’
    • ‘This followed rises in its share price - currently the company is capitalised at £20m - in April the company was valued at £6m.’
    • ‘Members of cooperatives at all levels - local and regional - need to remind themselves that it is their responsibility to properly capitalize their cooperative businesses.’
    • ‘If you need to sell off a piece of land in order to better capitalize the business, indicate this in the plan.’
    • ‘Yesterday saw the shares in the bank jump from 125p to 169p, capitalising the business at £1.39 bn.’
    • ‘Another disadvantage is that, of course, you have to adequately capitalize the business yourself.’
    • ‘He discussed the concept of capitalizing the company by either debt or equity, and he used the whiteboard to illustrate the relationship between the trust and the corporation and the GSA.’
    • ‘And, we certainly do not expect this thinly capitalized industry to provide much protection to the bloated GSEs when the downturn commences in the U.S. housing market.’
    • ‘He said he has no objection to a merger, adding his wish is for Fairfax to remain independent and any merger should be with a well capitalised blue-chip company.’
    • ‘That results in their New Zealand business being thinly capitalised for tax purposes.’
    • ‘But Microsoft is the most highly capitalized company in the software business and has a huge cash hoard.’
    • ‘Many speculators were instantly wiped out, while the less capitalized insurers were left at or near insolvency.’
    • ‘How has it managed to do all that - when other, more capitalized businesses have withered away?’
    • ‘Most small businesses are capitalized with a lot less than that, maybe $50,000.’
    • ‘Webster's share price has slumped to as low as 59 cents recently which capitalises the company at approximately $35 million.’
    • ‘But the fact remains that these entities providing credit insurance are not capitalized sufficiently to provide meaningful protection in the case of a serious downturn.’
    • ‘Vanguarde was considered the most highly capitalized black company in U.S. history, gaining roughly $60 million over four years.’
    • ‘With a billion shares in issue the company is capitalised at over £3b on today's share price of 305p.’
    • ‘If we are going to use medicine as a model for capitalizing the education business, for going to market, we want to bear these things in mind.’
    • ‘It's likely that some of this ill-gotten gain has been used to capitalize businesses or endow universities.’
    finance, fund, underwrite, provide capital for, back, sponsor
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  • 3Realize (the present value of an income); convert into capital.

    • ‘The ‘expectation raised by material progress’ is fully capitalized in land prices from the beginning of time.’
    • ‘In Boston, the Supreme Court of Canada held that it was unfair for a spouse to provide spousal support from pension income that had already been capitalized and equalized between the spouses.’
    • ‘Without any land-value tax, even if there were no speculative premium on the price of land, the difference in productivity between the best land and marginal land would be capitalized into a nonzero price.’
    • ‘When a man buys durable property he capitalizes its net yield or income at a rate which is lower when the general tax burden is high, and higher when the general tax burden is low.’
    • ‘The reason for investing in such funds was to provide for a regular tax-free income that can be capitalised or used as well as the promise that their capital value remains intact.’
    • ‘They all generate an income, which can be capitalised to increase the value of your investment.’
    • ‘To capitalize the income stream without considering the repayment of corporate debt, but then to assume that repayment when doing a residual value of the company, artificially increased the value of the income stream.’
    • ‘In this connection ‘fund’, I take it, ordinarily means money set aside and invested, the surplus income therefrom being capitalised.’
    • ‘Weersink et al. develop a PV model to examine the extent to which agricultural support programs have been capitalized into farmland prices.’
    • ‘On the other hand, it says that they are to be capitalised as preference shares carrying interest at the fixed rate of 6 per cent.’
    • ‘Some may also remember the way in which so many people in my generation and earlier were only able to afford to buy their first home because they could capitalise the family benefit for a deposit.’
    cash in, convert into cash
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    1. 3.1Reckon (the value of an asset) by setting future benefits against the cost of maintenance.
      ‘a trader will want to capitalize repairs expenditure’
      • ‘During the pre-acquisition stage, only those costs that are directly identifiable to the asset are capitalized.’
      • ‘If the costs are to be capitalized, then the next issue is to determine the asset's determinable useful life, if any.’
      • ‘Under existing law, taxpayers can elect to treat certain eligible environmental remediation expenditures, that would otherwise be capitalized, as deductible in the year paid or incurred.’
      • ‘To what extent should advertising expenditure be capitalized and recognized as an asset in a company's balance sheet?’
      • ‘In the case of AOL, marketing costs were capitalised for years - a highly liberal and unusual accounting practice.’
      • ‘In 1994 and 1995, America Online capitalized some of its customer-acquisition costs - which means that it considered part of those costs assets.’
      • ‘Over the last nine-month period, €9 million of the €20 million reduction in operating cost was due to capitalising additional labour costs.’
      • ‘As I noted briefly, it generally is an accepted accounting practice to capitalize assets.’
      • ‘The write-downs were made all the greater because of the company's policy in previous years of treating start-up losses in these businesses as ‘assets’ and therefore capitalising them in the balance sheet.’
      • ‘While the first route - expensing rather than capitalizing expenditures - is more straightforward, the savings it can produce aren't always obvious or easy to defend.’
      • ‘Wale reported that in the British companies that she had studied, capitalising original assets and charging all subsequent costs to expense was the dominant practice.’
      • ‘Holt Value Associates began capitalizing research and development costs and treating them as a depreciating asset in its cash flow ROI analyses earlier this year.’
      • ‘If you're planning to go into a family firm, work for the government or as a solo practitioner, and/or are over forty, capitalizing the extra costs of a private school becomes more of a problem.’
      • ‘The ‘full cost’ method was more liberal in capitalizing and amortizing the costs of all drilling, thus typically yielding a smoother series of income numbers.’
      • ‘When a liability is initially recorded, the entity capitalizes a cost by increasing the carrying amount of the related long-lived asset.’
      • ‘One adjustment is to capitalize R&D expenditures and amortize them over five years instead of expensing these investments in the year they are made.’
      • ‘While most companies write off marketing expenditure, for example, some capitalise this as an asset in the balance sheet for several years while they are building their business.’
      • ‘At the end of the year depreciation on manufacturing fixed assets was treated as an overhead cost, capitalised and included in the carrying value of closing stock and carried forward to the next year.’
      • ‘Might more intrinsic farm factors, less under the control of the current farm manager but perhaps not fully capitalized into asset values, be a more important determinant of profit differences among farms?’
      • ‘He complained that the Government had responded to attempts at an amicable settlement of the conflict with an attack, and had started capitalising Nova Plama assets.’
  • 4[with object] Write or print (a word or letter) in capital letters.

    • ‘You would prefer it if I capitalized the first letter after the colon?’
    • ‘I also find it a bit odd that the first letter of a sentence isn't capitalised; why would this be?’
    • ‘If the letter you wish to capitalise is typed by your left hand, you press the right hand shift with your little finger.’
    • ‘I also learned how to correctly identify the beginning of a sentence, target the first word, and capitalize the first letter (make the letter bigger than the rest).’
    • ‘However, The Coming Of Bill (the American version) is BIG (see, we capitalised those letters) in India.’
    • ‘Get in the habit when writing down URLs or e-mail address to underline the letters that may be capitalized.’
    • ‘I hate my stupid Microsoft Word program… it always capitalizes the H in your name… it does that to my words after quotation marks in my story too!’
    • ‘Instead of capitalizing the first letter, type it in lowercase, as most people type in all lowercase letters when searching.’
    • ‘There are two ways to do this: the first is called camelCase, where the first word is lowercase and subsequent words have their first letter capitalized; the second way is by using underscores to separate the words.’
    • ‘There are those who decide to eschew this, though, and capitalize every other letter.’
    • ‘And for GOD'S sakes, Hilary, capitalize every first letter of every proper noun, like the name of your title ‘Venus’.’
    • ‘The present study examined the role of the convention in German to capitalize the initial letters of nouns.’
    • ‘The first letter is always capitalized, and the second is in lower case.’
    • ‘Incidentally, the lettering where you capitalise the first letter of almost all the words can be called ‘title case’.’
    • ‘And if I may ask, why are people so fascinated with capitalizing every other letter?’
    • ‘Changing the shape very slightly - and silently - by capitalizing the initial letter, we turn it into something like God or Reason.’
    • ‘Assuming that the missing-letter effect is diagnostic of the extraction of text structure, we exploited a special feature of German - the convention to capitalize the initial letter of nouns.’
    • ‘She spoke as if the first letter of every word were capitalized.’
    • ‘Proteins are denoted by roman letters and only the first letter is capitalized.’
    • ‘The convention to capitalize the first letter of a meaning-laden noun may therefore be particularly useful in aiding structural analysis, allowing easy assignment of some words to their proper grammatical class.’
    1. 4.1Begin (a word) with a capital letter.
      • ‘Many of these same words are capitalized even though they are not proper nouns nor the beginning of the sentence.’
      • ‘With a little sleight of hand, I capitalized the word Eclipse there.’
      • ‘There is a certain market in English that refuses to capitalize words or use punctuation.’
      • ‘In this chapter I have chosen to capitalize words designating a race or a people.’
      • ‘At that time, there was a typesetter at the American Atheist Center who refused to capitalize any religious words, and no religious words were capitalized in the book.’
      • ‘If Microsoft Word's spelling checker's autocorrection feature is switched on, it capitalises the word for you.’
      • ‘The word pandemonium itself means a wild uproar, but as the word is capitalized, its meaning is instead directed at the region associated in Milton's Paradise Lost, where Pandemonium is the capital of Hell.’
      • ‘Recall that control words were always capitalized correctly regardless of whether they were embedded in normal or in distorted text passages.’
      • ‘He also loves to capitalize words or put them in quotes for no real reason, as in this sentence from his legal disclaimer.’
      • ‘His tone spoke of his importance, he seemed to capitalize every significant word.’
      • ‘I don't capitalize the words because middle westerners don't call that much attention to themselves.’
      • ‘From now on, the computer news source will not capitalise the word Internet.’
      • ‘I capitalize the word because Miller, in speaking of Jane Austen, does so, calling her the epitome of Style or Austen Style or Absolute Style.’
      • ‘We should capitalize the word, as this is how we are taught to refer to God.’
      • ‘Words like Celsius are capitalized because they are names of people.’
      • ‘Sek could mentally hear her capitalizing the last two words.’
      • ‘This is why most of the BAM artists capitalized the word Black when used in reference to African people.’
      • ‘While any newspaper could set a style to capitalize the word ‘black,’ McIntyre said he doesn't know how much influence it would have outside the newspaper itself.’
      • ‘Since the authors have removed God from origins, humans and from all of nature, one cannot help but wonder if capitalizing the word nature has any religious significance.’
      • ‘Note that some words derived from proper nouns have developed a special meaning; these words are no longer capitalized.’