Main definitions of cap in English

: cap1cap2

cap1

noun

  • 1A kind of soft, flat hat without a brim, and sometimes having a visor.

    • ‘Very few of them, no matter how poor, are bareheaded: the men wear flat caps, bowlers, straw boaters, trilbies, toppers, the women shawls or floral hats.’
    • ‘For the cricket lover, there is no sight to compare with that of two middle-aged men, wearing lab coats and flat caps, coming down the pavilion steps with measured tread.’
    • ‘He even turns a flat cap and Barbour into something of a fashion statement, the kind of thing that could well catch on in Shoreditch or Manchester.’
    • ‘Most men covered their heads with flat wool caps or skullcaps or turbans in a variety of sizes and colours.’
    • ‘I stood there alone and watched as four men entered dressed in donkey jackets and flat caps.’
    • ‘Disillusioned dairy farmers in Yorkshire could soon be turning cowboys and switching their flat caps for Stetsons if they take up an offer to relocate to South Dakota.’
    • ‘Women's bright caps were worn flat on the head and had flaps on either side.’
    • ‘This simple item could be opened and worn on the head, creating a three-dimensional cap out of flat strips alternating with empty spaces.’
    • ‘He wore a flat cap, old woolen trousers, and a brown shirt that was several sizes too large for him.’
    • ‘Outside the grand clubhouse at the Legends course, at the heart of Château Elan, you almost expect chaps to be wandering around in plus-fours and flat caps.’
    • ‘Mr Binns said the style of dress worn by those photographed, particularly the flat caps and bow ties, would be in keeping with the late Victorian era when Whitby was well established as a resort.’
    • ‘The man was quite tall and he and the woman were both wearing jeans, wellington boots and flat caps.’
    • ‘The technique was commonly used for different kinds of headgear, such as caps, hoods, bonnets, hairnets and snoods, as well as for stockings, mittens, collars and sashes.’
    • ‘The ‘Venus of Willendorf’, for example, has a mere knob of a head, her face obscured by what has been interpreted as a cap of curls.’
    • ‘Rochdale bobbies on the beat switched to flat caps four years ago but continued to wear helmets at ceremonies.’
    • ‘The flat cap was a feature of British life through most of he last century.’
    • ‘I get back to Lancashire quite a bit - my family's still there - and I don't think I've seen anybody in a flat cap up there since about 1975.’
    • ‘Virtually all the working men wear flat caps, while the managerial staff wear bowlers.’
    • ‘He is the old bloke with the flat cap and the transistor radio, isn't he?’
    1. 1.1[with adjective or noun modifier]A kind of soft, close-fitting head covering worn for a particular purpose or as a mark of a particular profession or status.
      ‘a nurse's cap’
      ‘a bathing cap’
      • ‘The clothing line will include running and cycling shorts, shimmels, caps and swimsuits in technical fabrics that breathe and wick away moisture.’
      • ‘Men often wear a long white robe called a jallabiyah, with either a small cap or a turban as a head covering.’
      • ‘Johnny is going to have to do a hell of a lot more than put on a ski cap in order to get you off, you know!’
      • ‘Each year they moved to the next level getting different colour ribbons and swimming caps.’
      • ‘Cover head in plastic cap or plastic wrap and cover with a warm towel.’
      • ‘If you can get your hands on a vintage hair dryer - the kind you find in thrift stores that look like a shower cap stuffed into a round suitcase, you won't regret it.’
      • ‘In the hallway outside, I was handed a mask and cap.’
      • ‘Keep long hair pulled back or placed in a cap for added protection.’
      • ‘I hugged both of my parents before securing my black back over my shoulder, pulling my newsboy cap lower over my face and hurrying to my gate.’
      • ‘So I would sweat like crazy in a yellow rubber swim cap while Lee Ann Billings and Jamie Reader dipped their blonde hair in and out of the cool, chlorine tainted water.’
      • ‘And if I have to sit wearing a swimming cap covered in electrodes to show willing, OK, so I will.’
      • ‘If you think you can pull off any look, then I suggest you try on this chalk-stripe driving cap.’
      • ‘More Americans were showing up every minute, bearing flags and ball caps and yellow bracelets, ready to howl and shout and taste history.’
      • ‘The main beach, on the other hand, is a huge sweep of golden sand that attract hundreds of day trippers and is patrolled by lifesavers in distinctive red and yellow caps.’
      • ‘They rode sturdy Mongolian ponies, wore distinctive fur caps, and carried sabers, pistols, and rifles.’
      • ‘There is a nudist part of the beach at Playa de Inglis and what amused us as we walked along there was to see elderly ladies bathing in the sea in the nude yet still wearing caps or other headgear to protect their coiffures.’
      • ‘Opened in November 2001, it's run by two brothers with similar close-cut reddish beards, ethnic clothes and close-fitting caps.’
      • ‘Then, in the 1950s, a traveller notices bay cat fur on two ceremonial caps being worn by Dayak tribespeople.’
      • ‘Protheroe, in padded dressing gown and tasseled cap, laughed and rose to greet his friend.’
      • ‘Those early wheelmen didn't have bicycle helmets, but they did wear close-fitting long-visored caps.’
    2. 1.2An academic mortarboard.
      ‘graduates in cap and gown’
      • ‘But in field after field, paper journals are becoming like academic caps and gowns, a purely ceremonial relict of an obsolete culture.’
      • ‘The caps, gowns, and diplomas may look the same, but the groves of academe have changed radically over the past quarter century.’
      • ‘Whether you're one of the lucky grads yourself, or some of your friends are throwing their grad caps in the air, grad season is upon us.’
      • ‘The International School of Port-of-Spain 2005 graduates happily throw their caps in the air at the end of the commencement programme.’
      • ‘She brought with her the mortarboard cap that she had worn at her graduation.’
      • ‘The graduates look very scholarly in their caps and gowns.’
      • ‘The same percentage of MIT engineering graduates in their caps and gowns could not light a bulb with a battery and one wire.’
      • ‘Your proud high school graduate has gone from caps and gowns to the fast-paced, challenging world of summer jobs.’
      • ‘A handful of teachers and several dozen graduating seniors, still in their caps and gowns from the formal graduation earlier in the day, attended the event.’
      • ‘The graduates were well attired for the occasion, with coloured convocation robes, inner suit and the flat cap completing the ensemble.’
      • ‘Josephine English didn't rent a cap and gown when she heard she had graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree from a Dublin college.’
      • ‘Success in that final exam ensures that their parents' dream, which by now should also be their own, of a cap and gown clad university graduate is within grasp.’
  • 2A protective lid or cover for an object such as a bottle, the point of a pen, or a camera lens.

    • ‘Childproof caps on medicine bottles are a safety feature but they require some thought by adults in order to use them properly.’
    • ‘Very, very carefully pour a tiny bit of vermouth into the cap of the vermouth bottle.’
    • ‘Someone cleared their throat, and Artemesia straightened up, snapping the lens cap onto the camera.’
    • ‘Nic and I were only trying to use our side of the doorknob to get the caps off two bottles of Heineken.’
    • ‘I mean, if my cat can be happy batting around a bottle cap, surely I can find something to be happy about too.’
    • ‘Plastic jugs and bottles can be placed in the bins marked for glass, and for both plastic and glass, it is good to rinse out the bottles and remove the caps.’
    • ‘Instead of tiles or concrete the shop's floors were covered with dirt and bottle caps.’
    • ‘In the rush of setting everything up for a shot you would be surprised at the number of people who set the camera recording with the lens cap still on.’
    • ‘I opened my notebook and picked up my favourite black pen, and tapped the cap against my teeth, thinking about what I wanted to write.’
    • ‘I couldn't unscrew the cap of those little bottles with one thumb if my life depended upon it.’
    • ‘First they collected bottle caps, beer mats and can rings.’
    • ‘Removing the cap to the acid bottle, she gingerly covered it with eight layers of carefully folded foil, sticking the foil down with a piece of duct tape.’
    • ‘I leave so the staff can have their turn: theirs are the empty plastic milk sachets, torn bits of paper from the waste-basket, cardboard boxes, bottle caps.’
    • ‘Garbage had to be sorted out - plastic bags, lids, bottle caps, etc.’
    • ‘A museum in its Shunde headquarters displays a few plastic bottle caps along with a small, rusting electric fan that looks like a relic from the bottom of the sea.’
    • ‘The plastic cap fits on the bottle and locks when a small ‘key’ is pulled from it.’
    • ‘The ingredients were on the bottle cap, which everyone tossed away.’
    • ‘Here consumers take caps off the plastic bottles, dump any liquid from the bottles into a bucket, and bag the bottles.’
    • ‘This includes bottle caps, tin covers or aluminum foil - these are some of the items service technicians commonly find in clogged or broken disposals.’
    • ‘She pointedly puts the cap on her camera lens and walks with him.’
    lid, top, stopper, cork, bung, spile
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1Dentistry
      An artificial protective covering for a tooth.
      • ‘Then, Bodine suffered a concussion and a broken collarbone and needed eight caps for his teeth because of a practice crash at Michigan.’
      • ‘While your dentist might still recommend an apple a day and be able to fit natural-looking caps, the latest orthodontic innovations concentrate on stopping decay before it has a chance to do any damage.’
      • ‘Her whole jaw was bruised, her cap for her tooth cost £404.’
    2. 2.2The top of a bird's head when distinctively colored.
      • ‘Their heads are also relatively smaller and their gray caps less distinct than the Cooper's.’
      • ‘As he angled, we admired his teal plumage, chestnut neck, pine green cap, and white ventral stripe.’
      • ‘Males and females look the same, with white chins extending up just below the eyes and gray-brown caps.’
      • ‘Females have gray caps and a slightly lighter rufous color on the undersides.’
      • ‘With their white cheeks and dark caps and throats, Chestnut-backed Chickadees look much like Black-capped Chickadees.’
      • ‘The adult in non-breeding plumage is similar, but with a white forehead that darkens to streaky black, as if the cap has receded.’
      • ‘The crane has light to dark blue-gray plumage and a crimson cap at the back of its crown.’
      • ‘Although drab in winter, males spend much of the year resplendent in bright lemon-yellow plumage set off by black and white wings, cap, and tail.’
      • ‘The juvenile appears similar to the adult in breeding plumage, but lacks the reddish-brown cap and dark belly.’
      • ‘Light morphs have brown upperparts with a blackish cap and white collar, white underparts, and yellowish sides of the neck.’
      • ‘It is heavily barred brown-and-white above and below, with a white eye-line that separates a rufous cap and cheek.’
    3. 2.3The broad upper part of the fruiting body of most mushrooms and toadstools, at the top of a stem and bearing gills or pores.
      • ‘The C. deceptive should have pale pinkish spore print, adnate to decurrent gills about the same colour of the cap, which should be pale brown or greyish with incurved margins.’
      • ‘Five tall, slender mushrooms with yellow stems and glowing orange caps reach through the decaying foliage toward the sky as ants burrow underground.’
      • ‘Count the gills under the cap - or in the case of a boletus, the holes.’
      • ‘The mature cap is metallic green in color, but it varies from light yellow to greenish-brown.’
      • ‘A bird hippocampus sits on top of the brain, rather like a mushroom cap.’
      • ‘Although the colour of the cap is quite variable, the blackening should serve to distinguish it from other similar looking fungi.’
      • ‘Enoki mushrooms are pale and fragile, with slender stems and tiny caps.’
      • ‘M. rachodes has white spores and white gills on specimens of all ages, and the stern stains orange to red when cut near the junction with the cap.’
      • ‘In the autumn, they came and gathered mushrooms from the few tree stumps she'd deigned to leave in her garden, mushrooms with caps of white, yellow, brown and even blue.’
      • ‘The cap & stem that we commonly eat is just the fruiting body.’
      • ‘Spoon into pepper and tomato halves and over mushroom caps.’
      • ‘Coral mushrooms do not have caps but instead have a fruiting body of branched clusters.’
      • ‘And at the base of the cerebrum, emerging like the stalk from a mushroom cap, is an elongated structure, the brain stem.’
      • ‘If possible, please show the gills beneath the cap.’
      • ‘The surface of the cap of each fungiform structure is either tangential, or slightly inclined, to the surface of the carapace.’
      • ‘Larger mushroom caps of course are better and you can be creative with your stuffing choices.’
      • ‘When you're buying loose mushrooms, choose those with smooth, unblemished caps, firm gills, and a clean aroma.’
  • 3An upper limit imposed on spending or other activities.

    ‘a cap on government purchases’
    • ‘Congress can show a commitment to this by raising or eliminating the cap on wages taxed for Social Security.’
    • ‘With a cap on spending during elections, ministers are using the extra perks to beef up their campaign without declaring them as expenses.’
    • ‘The package here offers students no up-front fees, loan forgiveness at 25 years, no real rate of interest, a generous grant and bursary system and a cap on the fee itself.’
    • ‘Tendring's share of this year's council tax bill has been set at a level which could lead to a Government cap on spending’
    • ‘This time around, spending caps may not be enough.’
    • ‘It also raised the cap on foreign direct investment in private banks to 74 per cent from 49 per cent.’
    • ‘Even putting a cap on the price spent on it makes more sense.’
    • ‘He was omitted because of the cap on team strengths in the competition, but will ride tomorrow in what looks a lost cause against the champions.’
    • ‘Disney agreed to raise the caps on pension benefits and put a limit on yearly hikes in health benefits that are deducted on a weekly basis from paychecks.’
    • ‘He promises to impose spending caps and offset spending increases with mandatory spending cuts or tax increases.’
    • ‘He has just called for a constitutional cap on state spending and made clear his distaste for new taxes.’
    • ‘He was complaining about the absence of a cap in campaign spending before the formal election period, even though it was his party that exploited this loophole prior to the last election.’
    • ‘In the hope of ending speculation about the rising cost of the project Magahy proposed in May 2001 that a cap be imposed.’
    • ‘To some extent, they conceded, both standards would impose a cap or ceiling of some sort.’
    • ‘Daly is also pushing for the Shannon board's borrowing cap to be raised from €20 million to €100 million in the legislation.’
    • ‘Failing to negotiate a cap on investors' legal fees could leave you with a huge bill.’
    • ‘To achieve this, the survey promised to raise caps on foreign direct investment and open up more sectors to global capital.’
    • ‘The bonus money received from the performance pool would not count against teams' salary caps.’
    • ‘The best solution I can think of is the wage cap which operates in Rugby League.’
    • ‘While not the same as rigid price caps, bid caps place limits on the prices that energy suppliers can offer to municipalities and companies.’
    limit, upper limit, ceiling
    View synonyms
  • 4

    short for percussion cap
    • ‘We started selling snap caps a little over a year ago.’
    • ‘So, before you buy that cap gun or bouncing ball for your child, take some precautions.’
    • ‘Like many boys he had been fascinated with guns when a young child and had the usual cap guns and nerd guns.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Put a lid or cover on.

    ‘he capped his pen’
    • ‘Merlin capped his pen and set his journal on the office desk in front of him.’
    • ‘Each bottle was then capped and ready for display.’
    • ‘The bottles are then capped and placed in the cool cellars of the winery for up to 2 years.’
    • ‘The men placed toilet bowl cleanser and aluminum foil in a plastic bottle and then capped the bottle before leaving the Lakeland restaurant.’
    • ‘Bottles are capped with an aluminum foil seal, which is sent through a chute that catches the lip of the bottle.’
    • ‘Cameron closed her Bible, shut the notebook, capped the pen, and then put everything away before leaving to go downstairs with me.’
    • ‘Gabrielle carefully closed The Anthem, stood up as the bell rang, capped her pen and stuck it into her jean pocket.’
    • ‘Fill the bottle halfway with warm water, cap it and shake to mix.’
    • ‘When I capped the pen and folded the paper R. asked with surprise, ‘You're done?’’
    • ‘He said that there have been discussions to change the technology of capping the wine bottles but so far the cork has remained.’
    • ‘Evander took another drink of water and capped the bottle.’
    • ‘She sighed and capped her pen, setting it on top of her notepad.’
    • ‘I capped the pen and put it down, considering whether or not I should just rip up this poem and forget I ever wrote it.’
    • ‘For maximum battery life, it's suggested the gun be worn concealed, and the sight be capped with the provided cover when not in use.’
    • ‘He thanked me absently, capped his pen, and we all walked out into the quiet night, substantially calmer than last week.’
    • ‘After capping it, the bottle should be shaken for 20 seconds.’
    • ‘Philip poured the liquid from the cup into a bottle, capping it afterwards.’
    1. 1.1Form a covering layer or top part of.
      ‘several towers were capped by domes’
      [as adjective, in combination] ‘snow-capped mountains’
      • ‘Designed by French architect Roger Taillibert, the stadium was one of the first sports stadiums in the world to be capped with a plastic dome roof.’
      • ‘The Earth has an iron core surrounded by a dense layer called the mantle, which is capped with a thin rind of rocky crust.’
      • ‘A new jumbo monopitch supported by heavy steel trusses caps the building and introduces light through clerestory glazing.’
      • ‘The one-story library headquarters platform caps the building.’
      • ‘Reclamation dredging is nearing completion and all reclaimed land will then be capped with a layer of rock, imported from a nearby quarry.’
      • ‘Pod and dome are linked to a glazed reception pavilion capped by an oversailing fabric roof.’
      • ‘She was a beautiful lilac colour and her tail was luxurious, although not so luxurious as my own, and her long face was capped with two perfectly shaped ears.’
      • ‘The radiocarbon-dated feature that produced the wild rice was located at the bottom of an undisturbed Late Woodland midden that had been capped with a layer of sterile sand.’
      • ‘Mt Fuji has been on show for a month or so now, pollution notwithstanding, and so on the windy days it is standing proud and erect in the distance, capped with the usual white dome of snow.’
      • ‘There would be a layer of soil that was capped with a layer of stones that was capped with a layer of soil and so on.’
      • ‘As a temporary repair measure, English Heritage had the crater in the centre of the hill packed with polystyrene and capped with a layer of chalk.’
      • ‘They built it not long ago, big and ugly, with a massive sloped roof rising up to the top of the bell tower, which is capped with a fat building-block cross.’
      • ‘Almost perfectly intact, it was a circle of pillars capped with an ornate dome.’
      • ‘The controversial hole in the ground will be capped with a layer of clay when planning permission runs out in December and landfill operators begin what they call ‘restoration’ of the site.’
      • ‘It was a massive eight-sided chamber capped with a dome.’
      • ‘The entire intricate construction covered more than one hectare of land, and the towers soared some 30 meters high, jauntily capped by Catalan flags and banners.’
      • ‘They found the rare element iridium in the thin clay layer that caps the rocks of the Cretaceous era.’
      • ‘Designed by Simpson & Ayrton, and built of reinforced concrete by Owen Williams, it was memorable for its twin towers, capped with exotic, New Delhi-like domes.’
      • ‘The Lawrence County Courthouse, composed of stone and brick, has three stories surmounted by a massive tower in two stages capped by a segmental dome and cupola.’
      • ‘The plateau surface is mostly capped with resistant sandstone over less resistant shale and limestone layers intermixed with some sandstone layers.’
    2. 1.2Put an artificial protective covering on (a tooth)
      • ‘He showed his cupped hands to Bligh and they were full of engraved tinder boxes, rings, broken teeth capped with gold.’
      • ‘All but her front incisors are capped with some very red gold, it's either very red gold or it looks coppery.’
      • ‘Typically it's over $100 for a checkup, $444 to get my bottom teeth capped, and having all four of my wisdom teeth taken out is going to cost around $2000.’
      • ‘He's paid out good money to have his teeth capped and cauliflower ear sorted.’
      • ‘Miss Meters smiled, flashing her chipped teeth, revealing that the two front ones had been capped with bronze.’
      • ‘As I rider, well, let's just say, I'm glad most of my teeth are already capped.’
      • ‘You finally settle on the pleasant face on the screen - the big hair, bright power suit, capped teeth and colorful talons - blandly reading the news.’
      • ‘The scenes that are presumably supposed to depict camaraderie are hilariously forced; three sets of perfectly capped teeth clenched into rictus grins of barely suppressed hatred.’
      • ‘Four root treatments had been carried out and a damaged tooth had been capped.’
      • ‘My teeth have been capped and bleached to sparkle with a false warmth when I contort my features into what you call a smile.’
      • ‘In bearing the pain he ground his teeth so hard that 11 of them had to be capped or replaced after the race.’
      • ‘It's in a tooth that's capped and had a recent root canal filling.’
      • ‘Take the dentist I went to when I needed to have my teeth capped a while ago.’
      • ‘Coals flashed Marcus a grin, so full of perfectly capped teeth, so taut at the lips, so fleshy at the gum line that for a split second the image of a shark in an expensive wool suit was unavoidable.’
      • ‘Behind the jowls the expertly capped teeth shimmer.’
      • ‘He was short and fat and had next to no hair, several of his teeth were capped with gold.’
      • ‘He greeted his opponent's return to action with a snapping inside out kick on the end of a timely upward leap, thus snapping Johnson's head to one side and at last drawing blood from the pierced cavity of a crooked gold capped tooth.’
      • ‘If they've got bad teeth, you'll cap the teeth, if they need a makeover, you give them a makeover.’
    3. 1.3Provide a fitting climax or conclusion to.
      ‘he capped a memorable season by becoming champion’
      • ‘Keane capped a memorable 2004 by being named the best breakthrough act, as well as best British album for the brilliant Hopes and Fears.’
      • ‘Instead, his victory capped a memorable night for the Buck family.’
      • ‘Record-breaking runner Paula Radcliffe has been awarded the prestigious Women of the Year Outstanding Achievement Award, capping a memorable weekend for her.’
      • ‘The Reds, however, were not finished and they capped a memorable afternoon with a fifth try in the final minute when Darren Treacy forced his way over from close range.’
      • ‘York and District Indoor Bowls club capped a fine season as their men completed a hat-trick of victories in the county leagues, writes Ian Clough.’
      • ‘The team capped a great season by finishing seventh in the tournament.’
      • ‘It caps his 38-year ascent from a lowly clerk to the second leader of the former British colony since it returned to Chinese rule in 1997.’
      • ‘Yesterday's closing activities capped the end of a week-long, jammed-packed schedule of events.’
      • ‘Staveley's Rob Jebb capped a magnificent season on the fells, fulfilling one of his dreams by winning Saturday's Ben Nevis race.’
      • ‘York got eight points to cap a fine qualifying season.’
      • ‘Michigan finished 10-2 and capped its season with an overtime victory over Alabama in the Orange Bowl.’
      • ‘It caps a disappointing 12 months for South Africa in which it also lost its grasp of second place in the ICC Test Championship.’
      • ‘The colt's success capped a memorable Epsom meeting which also saw Casual Look win the Oaks, giving trainer Andrew Balding a Classic success in his first season as a trainer.’
      • ‘The Kiwi-born pop star caps a roller coaster 12 months with her first UK tour, which started on Tuesday.’
      • ‘This development caps a highly successful period for the Royal Armouries in Leeds which has seen a 66 per cent increase in visitor numbers in six months.’
      • ‘Katie Heginbotham from Barrows Green triumphed at HOYS to cap a memorable season.’
      • ‘While Rovers sweeper Luke McAnelly capped a fine season by winning the man of the match award, coach Al Duroux refused to single out any star performers.’
      • ‘Dan Potter will cap a wonderful personal month tomorrow when he is crowned the Knights' Player of the Month for August, as voted for by Evening Press readers.’
      • ‘Andrew Johnson was named the Crystal Palace Player of the Year for the second successive season last weekend to cap off a memorable campaign.’
      • ‘It capped a memorable first season in charge for Wetheriggs manager Andrew Ridley, his assistant Bob Norman and coach Paul Renwick.’
    4. 1.4Follow or reply to (a story, remark, or joke) by producing a better or more apposite one.
      ‘they capped each other's stories’
      • ‘This work was capped in 1939 with the publication of The Nature of the Chemical Bond, one of the most-cited texts in the history of science.’
      • ‘It's effectively capped by Coral's response ‘Which one is cheaper?’’
      • ‘Ruth would have felt the need to cap the comment in some way, or qualify it, or even dismiss it out of hand as arrant nonsense.’
      • ‘Cave's not a lunatic on a killing spree; he's a lovelorn bombmaker, and he caps this cinematic story of devotion with a spirited sing-along.’
      • ‘I would guess that volumes of his poetry are as frequently met with as Buildings of England, and a favourite party game between complete strangers is to cap a quote or say which of his poems you admire most.’
      • ‘Mac McMurray capped this story by saying a townsman had a piece of petrified fence post with the drilled holes for wire with a piece of the wire attached.’
      • ‘He caps it all off with the snide dismissal ‘it is not fair to take the children's food and throw it to the dogs.’’
      • ‘I can't say how many on-line discussions have been capped by a quotation from Rand's writing as if his having said something settled everything.’
  • 2Place a limit or restriction on (prices, expenditure, or other activity)

    ‘council budgets will be capped’
    • ‘One solution might be to cap claimants' costs at, say, 10% of the compensation recovered unless a good reason was shown for a higher amount.’
    • ‘He said he hoped the government's measure to cap fuel prices should not last too long because it could have repercussions in the long run.’
    • ‘Mr Lowry said at the time that Commission objections led him to extend the tender time fee and to cap the fee.’
    • ‘The amount that members can claim is not capped, although a cap is to be introduced eventually as part of an ongoing review by the compensation committee.’
    • ‘The Kyoto Protocol caps global emissions, but with two huge exceptions.’
    • ‘My experience from my other businesses is that you have to cap the price at the level where your competitors are.’
    • ‘There was controversy at the time when the Minister, Michael Lowry, announced he was capping the licence fee at £15 million when commentators estimated it was worth up to £110 million.’
    • ‘Those who make a voluntary disclosure to the Revenue before November 15 will have their privacy protected and interest and penalties will be capped at twice the amount of the tax owed.’
    • ‘They will not be given a free hand to expend their facilities for treating fee paying patients: the percentage of income derived from this source is to be capped.’
    • ‘The potential damage is compounded by new proposals to cap tuition increases, at the very moment that both state support and endowments are plummeting.’
    • ‘The public system caps spending at $45 million for the primary.’
    • ‘China agreed in June to cap its future spending on farm subsidies at 8.5 per cent of the value of domestic farm production.’
    • ‘Earlier this year BT announced that it was capping the cost of phone calls for businesses as part of a move to overhaul call tariffs.’
    • ‘It also makes sense to cap the limit for exempting the inheritance tax at $5 million.’
    • ‘What Mrs. Alexander is really saying is that trial attorneys won't make as much money if punitive damages are capped.’
    • ‘In July, the Competition Commissioner told mobile operators they were charging too much for connecting calls from other networks and recommended that prices be capped.’
    • ‘If it caps the price of wonder drugs, pharmaceutical companies will fight it.’
    • ‘The legislation, however, does not place a flat cap on the value of the homestead exemption that an individual can exempt in bankruptcy.’
    • ‘The aim is to cap prices on basic commodities such as eggs, vegetables, fruit, rice, canned foods, chicken and other meat products.’
    • ‘One of the most controversial recommendations of the report calls for the government to endorse a package of measures to fundamentally reform the property market by capping the price of development land.’
    set a limit on, put a ceiling on, limit, restrict, keep within bounds
    View synonyms

Phrases

  • cap (or hat) in hand

    • Humbly asking for a favor.

      ‘we have to go cap in hand begging for funds’
      • ‘The Government and European Space Agency are underwriting at least some of the cost, but fundraisers had to go cap in hand to potential sponsors.’
      • ‘In September, a sterling crisis forced the government to go cap in hand to the International Monetary Fund, a desperate measure previously associated only with banana republics.’
      • ‘Why, with our council tax running annually well above the rate of inflation, do we as a town need to go cap in hand to the National Lottery simply in order to maintain Corporation Park in the first place?’
      • ‘Tight new spending limits are set to be imposed on Britain's political parties to stop them going cap in hand to donors angling for peerages, knighthoods and other favours.’
      • ‘But rather than go cap in hand to the clubs I had rejected, I decided to eat a bit of humble pie and ask Motherwell to take me back.’
      • ‘Rather than going hat in hand to pharmaceutical executives, Canada uses single-payer's price controls to cap drug prices.’
      • ‘With every voter putting no more than five dollars into the Clean Money pool, candidates won't have to go hat in hand to lobbyists and fat cats, instead spending their time talking to voters.’
      • ‘I went hat in hand and asked for your feedback on the hot young garage punk bands of 2003, and you, the readers, came out in force and told me.’
      • ‘It seems very unfair to now ask them to come cap in hand to be told if what they have done is good enough to be given official approval.’
      • ‘This is a conurbation of 2.5m people and we ought to be able to raise sufficient revenue for Metrolink without having to keep going cap in hand to government.’
  • set one's cap for (or at)

    • dated (of a woman) try to attract (a particular man) as a suitor.

      • ‘Rose, Cassandra's beautiful, impulsive older sister, sets her cap at the eldest.’
      • ‘She is all too besotted with Mr. Phineas… if I had known that boy would have set his cap for Clara, I never would have allowed him to be our guest… ‘she stopped then, for Clara had entered with David.’’
      • ‘She is also setting her cap at Adam, which is slightly odd.’
      • ‘Although there were those who said that Elizabeth had set her cap at her husband's dashing older brother, it proved to be a happy enough marriage.’
      • ‘I just hope that Mariah knows what she's getting into inviting Hope who will no doubt be ready to set her cap at the first eligible man she meets this evening.’
      • ‘Given the circumstances, of course, it is difficult to conceive of how she could have been anything other than devastated when her father first set his cap at Heather.’
      • ‘Into this mix Brooks introduces two young catalysts, journalist Eve, who immediately draws Dan's attentions, and easygoing Gord, who sets his cap for Gena.’
      • ‘She looks for support to her cousin and legal adviser Frank Greystock, but when his engagement to the demure governess Lucy Morris proves too durable, she sets her cap at the stuffy Lord Fawn.’
      • ‘A brutalised war veteran, Harvey has begun a steamed - up adulterous affair with Signoret and finally found something like love, but sets his cap for a millionaire factory boss's daughter.’
      • ‘Had she picked a Lord, or a Viscount, or someone of standard to set her cap at then her father wouldn't have voiced a single complaint.’

Origin

Old English cæppe hood from late Latin cappa, perhaps from Latin caput head.

Main definitions of cap in English

: cap1cap2

cap2

noun

Finance
  • [as modifier] ‘mid-cap companies’
    short for capitalization
    ‘small-cap stocks’
    • ‘Since then it has patiently bided its time, even while it snapped up lenders in Latin America and built a $56 billion market cap.’
    • ‘The company now has more than $2.4 billion in annual sales and a $17.4 billion market cap.’
    • ‘Schwab was about the same size firm when I got there, about $3 billion to $3.5 billion in market cap.’
    • ‘The small company stocks Ibbotson tracks are in the bottom 20% in terms of market cap.’
    • ‘There is a positive impact on earnings per share, cash flow, market cap and share prices.’
    • ‘That makes Genzyme Corp. the third-largest U.S. independent biotech company by market cap.’
    • ‘In fact, the combined market cap of both companies is below that of Barnes & Noble Inc. alone before the IPO.’
    • ‘We aren't opening this fund because we think it's a good time to invest in large caps, although certainly valuations look more compelling.’
    • ‘With a $51.6 billion market cap, News Corp. would have made this top decile were it already a member of the index.’
    • ‘On an individual basis, if you measure by market cap, Genentech is the world's largest biotech.’
    • ‘Hummingbird Value Fund's Paul Sonkin uses cap rates to separate potential investments from poor-returning companies.’
    • ‘Shareholders don't benefit from a higher market cap when it grew mostly because the company issued new shares used to acquire other companies.’
    • ‘That's nowhere near its $120 billion market cap, but it still may have to take a write-down for some of those deals.’
    • ‘It used to be companies evaluated their size based on revenue and number of people; now it's market cap or market valuation.’
    • ‘The cap is short for capitalization, which is a measure by which we can classify a company's size.’
    • ‘True, eBay's price-earnings ratio is a lofty 90, with an $18 billion market cap.’

Main definitions of cap in English

: cap1cap2

CAP

  • Civil Air Patrol.