Definition of California in English:


proper noun

  • A state in the western US, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean; population 36,756,666 (est. 2008); capital, Sacramento; statehood, Sept. 9, 1850 (31). Formerly part of Mexico, it was ceded to the US in 1847, having briefly been an independent republic. Large numbers of settlers were attracted to California in the 19th century, especially during the gold rushes of the 1840s; it is now the most populous state.