Definition of burnout in US English:



  • 1The reduction of a fuel or substance to nothing through use or combustion.

    ‘good carbon burnout’
    as modifier ‘a burnout furnace’
    • ‘The general dips in the graph indicate sections heavy on traffic with the major dips at the end being me crashing and taking off with a tire smoking burnout.’
    • ‘Once your boost meter is full, you can tap the R-trigger and you'll get a huge speed boost, which even further multiplies your burnout potential.’
    • ‘On his first qualifying run in the Berryman / Carrier Boyz dragster, which will banner Fram AirHog next year, Gory Mac had to coast after his burnout when the clutch linkage broke.’
    • ‘Hitchman's car broke during his burnout prior to the final, and Lucas ran a solo 5.358, 261.17.’
    • ‘After winning the TAFC title moments earlier, Austin's dragster, which he purchased from the estate of the late Gary Ormsby, broke at the start of the burnout in the Top Fuel final.’
    • ‘‘I can't wait to do a long, smoky burnout and give the fans a little taste of how it used to be,’ he said.’
    • ‘How about how the door of your car opens as you back up from the burnout to let burnout smoke escape the cockpit?’
    • ‘He then got the first of his two big breaks in the semi's when Haley had to shut off after his burnout because of a fluid leak.’
    • ‘Separation of the boosters took place 2 m 30 s after liftoff, shortly followed by first stage burnout, separation and the ignition of the launcher's second stage.’
    • ‘This might be caused by anything from a simple software glitch or a complete burnout of the main circuit board, but you need to have some identifiable technical person to come over really quick and get it fixed.’
    • ‘A low fluid level switch is provided to prohibit operation and prevent potential burnout if solution falls below a pre-set level.’
    • ‘Boost velocity control is achieved by burning all boost propulsion stages to burnout, shaping the trajectory to use all the energy, without thrust termination.’
  • 2The failure of an electrical device or component through overheating.

    ‘an antistall mechanism prevents motor burnout’
    • ‘He said he understood that at times this was down to the burnout of motors at the reservoir.’
    • ‘Electrical burnout of fluorescent lighting ballasts causes the heating and. volatilization of an asphalt potting-compound inside the ballast.’
    • ‘The display screen of claim 1 wherein said microbeads have a generally prolate shape so as to resist mechanical shock and electrical burnout.’
    • ‘It is proved that high local overheating in the filament region is the cause of local electrical burnout of the devices.’
  • 3Physical or mental collapse caused by overwork or stress.

    ‘high levels of professionalism that may result in burnout’
    ‘you'll suffer a burnout’
    • ‘The report concluded that there are too few nurses on the job, many of them suffering physical and emotional burnout.’
    • ‘Symptoms of teacher stress as contributing to burnout may take many forms.’
    • ‘Despite lengthy recruitment and training processes, the picture is of teleworkers prone to stress, leading to burnout and rapid staff turnover.’
    • ‘It is speculated that teachers reporting relatively high levels of stress and burnout, may employ coping strategies or have personality attributes that mediate their feelings of accomplishment.’
    • ‘‘I should have collapsed from burnout and shock,’ Richard said of that time. She thought about getting herself and her family out of town.’
    • ‘I learned that if you do other things, you can still bowl successfully, as well as avoid mental burnout.’
    • ‘Although levels of perceived stress in the current study were high, stress burnout may be a qualitatively different state and may yield stronger contagion effects.’
    • ‘The fact that it is nurses who of all the health professionals spend the most time with patients at the bedside is another area of potential stress and burnout.’
    • ‘The school-administrator model developed by Gmelch is described in the Torelli and Gmelch discussion of occupational stress and burnout in the academic environment.’
    • ‘He withdrew from the game entirely before the end of that year, citing physical injuries and personal burnout.’
    • ‘They are coping with greater levels of stress and burnout coupled with minimal or no salary and benefit increases.’
    • ‘Compassion fatigue involves and arises as a function of exposure to both primary and secondary traumatic stress as well as the cumulative effects of stress and burnout.’
    • ‘Holding such conflicting feelings can lead to severe stress and burnout.’
    • ‘Lleyton Hewitt, fearing physical burnout, did not play a single tournament for two months as he practised on grass in Melbourne to prepare for the final.’
    • ‘There is a lack of research information, however, concerning the relative levels of stress and burnout reported by New Zealand teachers compared with those reported in overseas studies.’
    • ‘He understands how the same passion and drive that are key to success as a teacher can lead to stress and burnout, and addresses a chapter to balancing the multiple demands on time and energy.’
    • ‘Failure to build in adequate rest into training will inevitably lead to both physical and mental burnout as well as injury.’
    • ‘Next, so that you don't suffer from burnout by overworking, take time to review and plan each move that you make toward your leaner, meaner company.’
    • ‘Pushy and overenthusiastic parents may consciously or unconsciously hinder their children's development and make them more prone to early burnout and mental fatigue.’
    • ‘The findings of the present study lend support to Clegg's call for increased investment in supervision as a strategy for reducing the negative impact of stress and burnout among nurses.’
    1. 3.1US informal A dropout or drug abuser.
      • ‘It better explained what a burnout he was on his way to becoming.’
      • ‘Chris, though he was a burnout, was one of the smartest people I knew.’
      • ‘The revolt had ended with two kinds of casualties, the burnouts and the assimilated.’
      • ‘I looked to my left to see some other burnouts smoking by the library's exit door.’
      • ‘The director stars as Sarah, a bottle-blonde burnout who appears one day to rescue her eight year old son Jeremiah from his caring foster parents.’
  • 4as modifier A method of producing textile patterns in which a design is etched by chemicals that destroy only the surface fibers.

    ‘a tangerine jersey halter with silk floral burnout skirt’
    • ‘Garments with a burnout pattern tend to be heavy, because of the weight of the base fabric, leading them to drape distinctively.’
    • ‘She designs velvet burnout dresses from fabric she finds at the Oregon Country Fair.’
    • ‘This top has a classic shape in a beautiful burnout fabric.’
    • ‘Celebs have been spotted wearing burnout pieces in their day-to-day wardrobe.’
    • ‘This tee comes in a black burnout material.’
    • ‘The standout collection features lacy beaded boleros, silk-chiffon cocktail dresses and burnout velvet pants.’
    • ‘Elegant burnout and cutwork fabrics are everywhere in today's fashion world.’
    • ‘I'm not sure if it's tacky to wear burnout tops.’
    • ‘The thin burnout material creates a see-through look.’
    • ‘This stunning dress has an intricate burnout pattern with embellishment and sheer bell sleeves.’