Definition of bumper in English:



  • 1A horizontal bar fixed across the front or back of a motor vehicle to reduce damage in a collision or as a trim.

    • ‘There was no inside release for it or the rear hatch, and the hood folded forward toward the front bumper, though it had an inside release.’
    • ‘Today's featured products include OEM-quality body and exterior auto parts like hood, bumpers, doors, fender, spoilers, wheels and headlights.’
    • ‘Side rock rails matched by a similar rail under the front bumper complete the exterior changes, designed to make the Renegade the rugged image leader in the Cherokee line up.’
    • ‘Front and rear bumpers are executed with steel beams covered with energy absorbent foam.’
    • ‘He turned up ten minutes later with a smashed up car and his front bumper in the back seat.’
    • ‘The sharp-eyed will notice slight changes to the front bumper, upgraded xenon headlights and a modified rear spoiler.’
    • ‘But if you truly fear death by animal, pitch the car keys: Deer kill about 14 Americans per month, mostly through collisions with front bumpers.’
    • ‘Front end appeal is set off by new mesh radiator grilles, larger bumpers and tear-shaped front lamps.’
    • ‘There was a little damage to the front bumper on the right side and he did not bother getting it fixed.’
    • ‘The front corners are more chamfered, the headlights cut into the bumper, flanking a lower front grille.’
    • ‘In the future the system may also deploy external airbags on the front bumpers to protect pedestrians.’
    • ‘The space between the front bumper and the rear edge of the engine undercover are designed to compress the airflow.’
    • ‘External changes include three air intakes and a lipped front air dam integrated into the front bumper with two circular front fog-lamps.’
    • ‘The sensual styling is complemented by body coloured bumpers, stylish front fog lamps and tinted glass.’
    • ‘For example, the filter assembly is placed between the open area between the front bumper and wheel.’
    • ‘Usually such damages will weaken the bumper's ability to absorb the shock of collision.’
    • ‘This airbag is deployed from just above the front bumper when a frontal collision is imminent.’
    • ‘After a year, the Ford Aspire had minor changes done in that included new front and rear bumpers, headlamps, turn signals, tail lamps, and wheel covers.’
    • ‘Because of the split in the front bumper, the car won't be able to sit as low and drag, or the front dam will be worn off, resulting in a massive loss of downforce.’
    • ‘My friend did not move out of the way fast enough for the horn blowing couple and was actually ‘nudged’ by the front bumper of the car.’
    1. 1.1North American A shock-absorbing piston projecting from a cross-beam at the end of a railway track or at the end of a railway vehicle.
  • 2archaic A generous glassful of an alcoholic drink, typically one drunk as a toast.

    • ‘He who drank a bumper on his knees to the health of his mistress, was dubbed a knight for the evening.’
    • ‘On my way home I stopped in at the tavern and drank a bumper of whiskey, something I had not indulged in for the last five or six years.’
    • ‘There are whole pages full of Masonic toasts from which the presiding officer could select, and after every one of which a bumper was drunk by the Brethren present.’


  • Exceptionally large, fine, or successful.

    ‘a bumper crop’
    • ‘In 1977 we had a bumper crop, enough for fresh eating and a pie!’
    • ‘Hopefully we will have a fine weekend and bumper crowds.’
    • ‘Outdoor Soccer attracted bumper crowds and ran to a very successful conclusion at the KDL and Park grounds.’
    • ‘There were thousands of acres [of wheat] sown in our vicinity this fall and prospects for a bumper crop are fine so far this winter.’
    • ‘Suddenly, within a year, he has me down to shoot my own film, turning script into bumper profit.’
    • ‘What does a bumper crop of acorns have to do with the deer tick population?’
    • ‘At the age of 75, the brothers still work side-by-side on neighbouring allotments, cultivating a bumper crop of vegetables every year.’
    • ‘According to the Christian Science Monitor, this year also produced a bumper opium crop in addition to a good wheat harvest.’
    • ‘We've had a bumper crop of Bramley cooking apples on our old tree, for the first time since we moved here nearly three years ago.’
    • ‘India began exporting wheat and rice two years ago to cut bulging stocks built up after successive bumper harvests.’
    • ‘Although the banks' bumper profit growth dominated the figures, the rest of Scotland plc still managed to post gains of 9%.’
    • ‘In many areas, this year's bumper crop means exceptionally high removal of nutrients.’
    • ‘Broad beans are positively bursting with health and promise a bumper crop any minute now.’
    • ‘But hooray, my parsnips have germinated at a fantastic rate this year, and we're in for a bumper crop, something I've never managed before.’
    • ‘Even thought the Eucalyptus trees look like they have a bumper crop of gum nuts, these are the first birds I've seen feeding on them.’
    • ‘In just a few weeks, a bumper crop of one million kilos of strawberries will have been picked from Pole House Farm on the Harwich Road in Lawford.’
    • ‘Earlier this year, the Zimbabwean government claimed it would be harvesting a bumper maize crop of 2.4 million tons.’
    • ‘It comes on the back of another record, bumper profit result for Qantas.’
    • ‘And another bumper crop is on the way thanks to abundant rain.’
    • ‘The fine weather brought out bumper crowds to watch the outdoor theatre, music and parades.’
    abundant, rich, heavy, healthy, bountiful, goodly, large, big, huge, immense, massive, exceptional, unusual, good, excellent, fine, magnificent, lovely, vintage, superabundant, prolific, profuse, copious, profitable
    bounteous, plenteous
    View synonyms


Late 17th century (in bumper): from bump + -er. bumper derives from the earlier form bumping, meaning ‘very large, great’ and is the source of the adjective meaning ‘exceptionally large, fine, or successful’ as in a bumper year.