Main definitions of bud in English

: bud1bud2

bud1

noun

  • 1A compact knoblike growth on a plant that develops into a leaf, flower, or shoot.

    • ‘New leaves and flower buds develop before Christmas and usually open in January and, depending on the severity of the winter, by February it has formed a clump of blooms and foliage.’
    • ‘After 48 days of growth, the number of flowers, buds, and seed pods on each plant was counted as a measure of the total flower number.’
    • ‘Burbank studied life at its fountain head - in the marvelous little buds and shoots and leaves that burgeon forth each spring to fill us anew with the awe for nature.’
    • ‘The leafy stems, bearing terminal preformed flower buds, sprout from the underground tuberous roots in early spring.’
    • ‘Spent flower blooms and affected buds, leaves or stems should be removed when plants are dry.’
    • ‘After a rain, its barren, gray-black stems change overnight to green as small leaves emerge from buds covering the plant.’
    • ‘The new winter flowering pansies seemed to be raring to go when we planted them on Sunday and are already showing signs of leaf growth and new flower buds.’
    • ‘Flower meristem, flower buds, and leaves from green and 2 d-etiolated plants were analysed for ATP and ADP contents.’
    • ‘Take off side shoots and flower buds and cut large leaves in half to reduce water loss.’
    • ‘Aphids also tend to like tender shoots and flower buds as these organs have a lot of phloem transport; this causes bud loss and fewer new leaves.’
    • ‘The newly emerged adults feed on young leaves and flower buds.’
    • ‘In shoots, strong CHL1 expression is found in young leaves and developing flower buds.’
    • ‘Sampson is also looking at ways to control the blueberry gall midge, a fly that attacks the flower and leaf buds of blueberry plants.’
    • ‘When the plants flowered, buds of different developmental stages were removed from the main inflorescence and the petals were dissected from the flower bud under a binocular microscope.’
    • ‘Quail typically hunt for seeds, grain, grasses, plant leaves and buds, acorns, and insects.’
    • ‘Flower buds and leaves were collected from flowering plants in each population and stored in zipper sealed plastic bags on ice.’
    • ‘Flower buds develop in leaf nodes in the upper part of the flowering shoot.’
    • ‘Leaf discs and the unpollinated pistils of unopened flower buds from both the control and HTS-treated plants were also collected for total RNA extraction.’
    • ‘The ratio between the number of leaf and flower primordia per bud varied with shoot type.’
    • ‘In addition, they have four or five scaly leaves with lateral buds on their epicotyl.’
    sprout, shoot, flowerlet, floret
    plumule
    burgeon
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Biology An outgrowth from an organism (e.g., a yeast cell) that separates to form a new individual without sexual reproduction taking place.
      • ‘Cells with a small bud or tiny projections were observed.’
      • ‘Moreover, in flocculent strains such as 1278b it is difficult to distinguish between two adherent cells and a cell with a large bud.’
      • ‘The next day 30-50 cells containing small buds were micromanipulated to isolated areas of the plate.’
      • ‘At this point, 60% of the cells had large buds that continued to elongate with prolonged incubation.’
      • ‘Careful examination of serial sections failed to ascertain the presence of true meristematic cells in these atrophied buds.’
    2. 1.2Zoology [with modifier] (of an animal) a rudimentary leg or other appendage that has not yet grown, or never will grow, to full size.
      • ‘At this time the limb bud can undergo as much as a three-fold increase in size.’
      • ‘At the time of tooth bud formation, each tooth begins a continuous movement outward in relation to the bone.’
      • ‘During the embryonic stage, the tonsils arise from the second pharyngeal pouch as buds of endodermal cells.’
      • ‘This probably reflects the presence of stem cells in the nail bud rather than cell dedifferentiation.’
      • ‘Around the 8th week after conception, oval-shaped tooth buds consisting of cells form in the embryo.’
  • 2US informal Marijuana.

    ‘I found him outside, smoking some bud’
    • ‘These drugs were alcohol, marijuana (including "regular" and high-potency marijuana or "bud"), and ecstasy (a recreational drug, the use of which peaked during the time of this study).’
    • ‘They must have some killer bud.’
    • ‘Very relaxing and ultra potent, the smoke from this legal bud is sure to impress ANY herbal toker.’
    • ‘The Aussies were smoking high-quality B.C. bud and waxing their snowboards with hydrocarbon Swix and a clothes iron.’
    • ‘Unlike anything else legally available today, this bud is ultra potent.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, bud has been demonized, criminalized, and the drug war has been industrialized.’
    • ‘I eventually and begrudgingly passed it on, but only once the burning bud had been smoked to ash.’
    • ‘Contrary to what the media hype over "BC Bud" would have the public believe, the vast majority of marijuana imported into the U.S. comes from Mexico.’

verb

[NO OBJECT]Biology
  • 1 (of a plant or animal) form a bud.

    ‘new blood vessels bud out from the vascular bed’
    [with object] ‘tapeworms bud off egg-bearing sections from their tail end’
    • ‘Additionally, the coil has bioactive properties to promote healing of the aneurysm ‘neck’ where it buds from the blood vessel.’
    • ‘Mitochondria are dynamic structures, constantly changing shape, budding and fusing.’
    • ‘Egg chambers bud off from the germarium, although they are abnormal.’
    • ‘The virion of MuLV classifies it as a C-type virus, which assembles at the surface of infected cells, and acquires a plasma membrane envelope as it buds from a cell.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, bulbs and seeds sprout, trees bud, and insects emerge and start consuming the tender foliage.’
    • ‘Spring has come to Shanghai and we can again see flowers blooming and trees budding.’
    • ‘At one point the temperature was up to 11C; nature has been knocked out of kilter, with adders emerging from hibernation and plants budding.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, corals bud on, and both their sexual and asexual activities provide evidence of reproductive success and hybrid forms that continue to puzzle geneticists.’
    • ‘One effect is that flowers are now budding 19 days earlier as spring moves forwards.’
    • ‘When the limits of the substrate have been reached, a Hydractinia colony will bud reproductive polyps called gonozooids from the stolonal mat.’
    • ‘A dancer's career is in any case as brief as that of a spring flower - it buds, it blooms, it fades, leaving behind just the fleet fragrance of memories.’
    • ‘No harm will come to your rose if it has already started to bud up and grow and you prune it back during that stage.’
    • ‘Inland, willows are budding and azaleas are blooming.’
    • ‘Many of the carpets use flowers and wheels, both suggestive of a cyclical life: flowers bud, bloom, and then die, and their beauty is only ephemeral.’
    • ‘Moreover, tetraploid cells do not bud or show abnormal mitotic spindles when placed in water.’
    • ‘In the absence of growth inhibition cells are smaller and follow the normal axial budding pattern of haploid cells, in which new cells bud adjacent to the previous site of cytokinesis.’
    • ‘The squirrels and the chipmunks frolicked in the interlacing tree branches that budded with new life.’
    • ‘It buds late and therefore avoids devastation by most spring frosts but is an irregular yielder.’
    • ‘The tips of these aerial hyphae swell to form a vesicle, and layers of cells bud off of the vesicle.’
    • ‘Spring growth was budding on the shrubs around the front porch, the weather vane atop one of the turrets facing out to the lake.’
    sprout, shoot, develop buds, form buds, send out shoots, germinate, burgeon, swell, vegetate, mature
    pullulate
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1[with object] Graft a bud of (a plant) onto another plant.
      • ‘Rather than having been budded onto a rootstock, shrublets grow on their own roots, making these plants less susceptible to the ravages of winter.’
      • ‘Most plants that were imported from France and Israel, were budded onto Rosa indica major (referred to as ‘Indica’) selections.’
      • ‘The most vulnerable point on most rose plants is the bud union - the point at which the rose variety was budded onto a rootstock.’
      • ‘Most roses are budded onto a hardy rootstock, so there will be a ‘neck’ that's about 4 inches long just above the roots.’
      • ‘It is something of a myth that only roses that have been budded on to a rootstock by a nurseryman will grow.’

Origin

Late Middle English: of unknown origin.

Pronunciation:

bud

/bəd/

Main definitions of bud in English

: bud1bud2

bud2

noun

North American
informal
  • A form of address, usually to a boy or man, used especially when the name of the one being addressed is not known.

    ‘listen, bud, I saw you there with my own eyes’
    • ‘I've only got enough Spaghettio's for my family, bud.’
    • ‘That's a very interesting theory there, bud.’
    • ‘And don't bring up Liz again tonight, all right, bud?’
    • ‘Not verbally, but I could just tell, it was a feeling, bud.’
    • ‘But I can still give you a run for your money, bud.’
    • ‘Ariela smiled slyly, ‘Thanks, bud,’ she said and ran towards it.’
    • ‘‘Because she's as head over heels as you are, bud,’ James answered.’
    • ‘Well, I'll tell ya, bud, until you find yourself a prince who will take you away from all this, it's not about you.’
    • ‘They just wanted to get together for one more night and bid my son farewell - to say, ‘We love you, bud, and we're going to miss you.’’
    • ‘He dragged his bags past us, and giving a distasteful look at me said, ‘Want some advice, bud?’’

Origin

Mid 19th century: abbreviation of buddy.

Pronunciation:

bud

/bəd/