Definition of buccal in English:

buccal

adjective

technical
  • 1Relating to the cheek.

    ‘the buccal side of the molars’
    • ‘It is easy to insert the liquid between the cheek and teeth by the buccal rather than the sublingual route’
    • ‘Palatal width across the fourth premolar: Greatest breadth across the buccal sides of fourth premolars.’
    • ‘Examination of the intraoral tissues includes inspection and palpation of the lips, buccal mucosa, tongue, floor of the mouth, gingiva and palate.’
    • ‘All cusps bulge slightly on the buccal side, leaving a broad lingual shelf.’
    • ‘Since this is a lower molar, these cuspids are located on the lingual, rather than the buccal side.’
    1. 1.1 Relating to the mouth.
      ‘the buccal cavity’
      • ‘Such a mechanism would have been analogous to expansion of the buccal and gular cavities of fishes and many tetrapods by the hyobranchial muscles acting on the hyoid arches.’
      • ‘However, the majority of the bulging to accommodate the engulfed water undoubtedly occurs passively as a result of the inertia of the water (and the rostral compression of the buccal cavity at mouth closure).’
      • ‘Hyperpigmentation in the buccal cavity may be due to racial origin or caused by dental amalgam, drugs, using tobacco or betel, naevi, or, rarely, melanoma’
      • ‘The digestive tract consists of a mouth, buccal cavity, esophagus, stomach, two-section intestine, and anus.’
      • ‘Many catfishes are accomplished suction feeders with high volume expansion of the buccal cavity and fast jaws, whereas other taxa maximize bite force.’
      • ‘On physical examination, the buccal cavity and the oropharynx appeared normal and no neck lymphadenopathy was identified.’
      • ‘In suction feeding, the hyobranchial apparatus is rapidly depressed while the mouth is opened, expanding the buccal cavity and drawing water and prey into the mouth.’
      • ‘A cephalopod is also characterized by a horny beak secreted by the walls of the buccal cavity, and a radula within the buccal cavity.’
      • ‘On reaching the gut of the sand fly, the organism converts to a promastigote form, reproduces, and migrates to the buccal cavity.’
      • ‘Briefly, the expansive phase constitutes a rapid opening of the jaws and expansion of buccal cavity through cranial elevation, hyoid bar depression, and lateral expansion of the suspensorium.’
      • ‘This ensures functional ventral expansion of the buccal cavity.’
      • ‘The first phase is the suction phase, in which the buccal and opercular cavities expand and water is drawn in.’
      • ‘Suction feeding is drawing a single, relatively large prey item into the mouth by a single expansion of the buccal cavity, and is performed only in water.’
      • ‘The junction of the pharynx with the body cuticle in wild-type worms involves the cells of the buccal cavity of the pharynx and the hypodermal cell hyp1, which in turn is connected to hyp2.’
      • ‘The sample is either from the mouth - a buccal sample - or a prick of blood from the thumb, any of which is an injury that one would suffer in the normal event of living, and would cause minimal interference or discomfort.’
      • ‘Two muscles are key to dorsoventral expansion of the buccal cavity, which characterizes the expansive phase of a suction-feeding event in zebrafish larvae.’
      • ‘Also, brooders probably are limited by anatomical constraints (e.g., the size of the brood pouch or buccal cavity), whereas nest tenders may be less constrained in terms of how many adults can contribute gametes to a nest.’
      • ‘The Platyxanthidae differ from the Eriphiidae in the configuration of the sutures between the sternites, specifically those covered by the abdomen; the nature of the buccal cavity; and the endostome and the epistome.’
      • ‘The female attempts to pick up these false eggs, and, as she nips the male's fins, he ejects sperm into her buccal cavity.’
      • ‘The expansive phase of the strike always began with jaw opening by levator operculi activity followed shortly by buccal cavity expansion through virtually simultaneous firing of the epaxialis and stemohyoideus muscles.’

Origin

Early 19th century: from Latin bucca ‘cheek’ + -al.

Pronunciation

buccal

/ˈbəkəl//ˈbəkəl/