Definition of bubonic plague in US English:

bubonic plague


  • The most common form of plague in humans, characterized by fever, delirium, and the formation of buboes.

    The plague bacterium, Yersinia pestis is transmitted by rat fleas. Epidemics occurred in Europe throughout the Middle Ages (notably as the Black Death and the Great Plague of 1665–66); the disease is still endemic in parts of Asia

    • ‘The Black Death was not an epidemic of bubonic plague but a viral haemorrhagic fever with a long incubation period that allowed it to travel far despite the limitations of travel in the Middle Ages.’
    • ‘In humans, plague occurs in three forms: bubonic plague, pneumonic plague, and septicemic plague.’
    • ‘Its scientists work with the deadliest known disease agents, including bubonic plague, anthrax and the ebola virus.’
    • ‘In addition, it is believed to have about 5,000 tons of chemical and biological agents, including sarin, anthrax, smallpox and the bubonic plague.’
    • ‘The best attested pandemics belong to relatively recent history, and to three diseases in particular: bubonic plague, cholera, and influenza.’
    • ‘Pneumonia was prevalent, the bubonic plague was endemic, and doctors were little more than optimistic quacks.’
    • ‘Remarkably, he inoculated himself with pus from a suppurating bubo to fortify himself against bubonic plague.’
    • ‘The Taiwanese military is reportedly trained to handle four types of bacterial or viral attack: anthrax, smallpox, botulism and the bubonic plague.’
    • ‘We know, as fourteenth-century people suspected, that the mortality caused by the bubonic plague of the Black Death was the worst demographic disaster in the history of the world.’
    • ‘Rest assured that only on rare occasions do epidemics such as bubonic plague in India and diphtheria in Russia present a much more widespread threat.’
    • ‘In addition to treating tuberculosis, streptomycin was effective against typhoid fever, cholera, bubonic plague and other diseases.’
    • ‘Both pneumonic plague and bubonic plague are caused by the same organism (i.e., Yersinia pestis).’
    • ‘This figure does not include victims of actual biological warfare or the effects of diseases such as cholera, bubonic plague, and typhus upon civilians.’
    • ‘Anthrax, bubonic plague, botulism toxin - the government urgently wants vaccines and treatments for these deadly threats.’
    • ‘Rodents cost billions of dollars in lost crops each year, and some are carriers of human diseases such as bubonic plague, typhus, and Hanta fever.’
    • ‘In all, tens of thousands, and perhaps as many 200,000, Chinese died of bubonic plague, cholera, anthrax and other diseases.’
    • ‘But, unknown to them, they had been bitten by a flea infected with the bubonic plague at their home in Santa Fe.’
    • ‘Though the bubonic plague's namesake buboes are not visible in the picture, their painful presence can be intuited from the victims' postures.’
    • ‘They are known carriers of several deadly diseases, among them the bubonic plague.’
    • ‘Some researchers now believe that the bubonic plague, or Black Death, originated in the village where builders of Tutankhamun's tomb lived.’
    disease, sickness
    View synonyms


bubonic plague

/byo͞oˌbänik ˈplāɡ//bjuˌbɑnɪk ˈpleɪɡ/