Definition of broomrape in US English:



  • A parasitic plant that bears tubular flowers on a leafless brown stem. It is attached by its tubers to the roots of a host plant, which may be any of a number of species.

    Genus Orobanche, family Orobanchaceae

    • ‘So far, U.S. sunflower growers have not been plagued by broomrape.’
    • ‘The broomrapes (Orobanche spp.) are obligate parasitic weeds that cause severe damage to hosts.’
    • ‘Likewise, the subtree of broomrapes alone does not differ from that of photosynthetic plants in degree of constraint.’


Late 16th century: from broom + Latin rapum ‘tuber’.