One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A town or village under the shadow of a castle.
- ‘The generations before 1100 were the 'century of imagination', ... when local exchanges revived especially in the bourgs growing up at castle gates.’
- ‘The traders, shops, money changers and such were allowed to deal outside of the gates of the bourg or castle compound, in an area called a Faubourg.’
- ‘Only in very special circumstances could either castle or bourg flourish in the absence of nearby manors to sustain them.’
- ‘The city achieves its own administrative union in 1423, by the ‘Union privilege’, which puts an end to a long history of internal problems between the civitas and the two bourgs.’
- ‘The settlers were moving out on their own, creating new social units - manors, lordships, abbeys, bourgs - where none had existed before.’
- 1.1 A French market town.
- ‘In contrast, most southern industry was artisanal and centred in small towns: in the bourgs around Brignoles, for example, there were perfumeries, soap and paper works, and tanneries (fifteen in Barjols alone).’
- ‘Armed mobilizations usually originated in small towns or market bourgs and involved large numbers of rural communes, while unarmed crowds gathered mainly in cities and towns.’
- ‘The rue Mouffetard was the main street of the bourg of St. Me dard, which until the eighteenth century lay outside the city of Paris.’
- ‘Furthermore, rebels in the towns and market bourgs planned the mobilizations of nearby rural communes and they organized regional gatherings in their own localities.’
- ‘But the clear-cut idea of the city was subverted by the rise to power of the class tellingly named (after the fortified ''bourgs'' of medieval France) ''people of the town.''’
French, from late Latin burgus ‘castle’ (in medieval Latin ‘fortified town’), ultimately of Germanic origin and related to borough.
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