Main definitions of bougie in English

: bougie1bougie2

bougie1

noun

Medicine
  • A thin, flexible surgical instrument for exploring or dilating a passage of the body.

    • ‘The anesthesia care provider removed the bougie dilator.’
    • ‘In perioperative and gastroenterology settings, nurses can lobby to replace mercury-containing bougies.’
    • ‘The anesthesia care provider takes special care to ensure the removal of all esophageal tubes during insertion of sizing tubes, such as bougie dilators.’
    • ‘Bougienage was defined as advancement of a bougie dilator from the mouth to the stomach in an upright, nonsedated patient.’
    • ‘In practice, I try to present myself as a resource they can use, for example using a bougie at a difficult intubation, where their protocols do not allow them such, or using ketorolac (unavailable to paramedics) for analgesia.’
    • ‘After the diverticulum is removed or suspended, the anesthesia care provider removes the bougie.’
    • ‘A rigid bronchoscopy was performed under general anaesthesia, and the trachea was serially dilated with bougies until it was large enough to accommodate a 6.5 mm uncuffed tracheal tube.’
    • ‘Foreign bodies lodged in the esophagus should be removed endoscopically, but some small, blunt objects may be pulled out using a Foley catheter or bougie.’
    • ‘The use of bougies to remedy dysphagia caused by oesophageal stricture has been a standard treatment for centuries.’
    • ‘Patients are placed under local or general anesthesia and the stricture is dilated using a flexible gastroscope and Savary bougies.’
    • ‘In the past, surgeons used a rectal bougie to identify the rectum; however, this instrument no longer is used routinely.’
    • ‘Staining was present on many of the other instruments they examined as well, including four of five bougie tips and three of five Magill forceps.’

Origin

Mid 18th century: from French, literally wax candle from Arabic Bijāya, the name of an Algerian town that traded in wax.

Pronunciation:

bougie

/ˈbo͞oZHē/

Main definitions of bougie in English

: bougie1bougie2

bougie2

(also bourgie)

adjective

US
derogatory, informal
  • Exhibiting qualities attributed to the middle class, especially pretentiousness or conventionality.

    ‘the candlelit cocktail party was pretty bougie’
    • ‘Now he's a comfortable bourgie college administrator, but he had some great stories.’
    • ‘This bar and tapas place is just steps away from the more bougie wine-tasting spots that have popped up in the last few years.’
    • ‘All this does is reinforce my impression of the fashion industry as one filled with vapid, self-centered, bougie hipsters who think they're artists.’
    • ‘Neighbors will wonder how you can afford your home and new acquaintances may assume you're bougie.’
    • ‘We always felt underdressed and that the crowd in there just seemed a little too bougie for our taste.’
    • ‘I wonder whether my daughters will install carpeting in their townhomes because hardwood floors are bougie and lame.’
    • ‘Your audience here and in general is necessarily a pack of bourgie overeducated striver types.’
    • ‘Dad didn't like it 'cause it was too bougie and gentrified and full of tourists and rich hippies.’

Origin

1960s (originally in African-American usage): from bourgeois.

Pronunciation:

bougie

/ˈbo͞oZHē/