A thin, flexible surgical instrument for exploring or dilating a passage of the body.
- ‘The anesthesia care provider removed the bougie dilator.’
- ‘In perioperative and gastroenterology settings, nurses can lobby to replace mercury-containing bougies.’
- ‘The anesthesia care provider takes special care to ensure the removal of all esophageal tubes during insertion of sizing tubes, such as bougie dilators.’
- ‘Bougienage was defined as advancement of a bougie dilator from the mouth to the stomach in an upright, nonsedated patient.’
- ‘In practice, I try to present myself as a resource they can use, for example using a bougie at a difficult intubation, where their protocols do not allow them such, or using ketorolac (unavailable to paramedics) for analgesia.’
- ‘After the diverticulum is removed or suspended, the anesthesia care provider removes the bougie.’
- ‘A rigid bronchoscopy was performed under general anaesthesia, and the trachea was serially dilated with bougies until it was large enough to accommodate a 6.5 mm uncuffed tracheal tube.’
- ‘Foreign bodies lodged in the esophagus should be removed endoscopically, but some small, blunt objects may be pulled out using a Foley catheter or bougie.’
- ‘The use of bougies to remedy dysphagia caused by oesophageal stricture has been a standard treatment for centuries.’
- ‘Patients are placed under local or general anesthesia and the stricture is dilated using a flexible gastroscope and Savary bougies.’
- ‘In the past, surgeons used a rectal bougie to identify the rectum; however, this instrument no longer is used routinely.’
- ‘Staining was present on many of the other instruments they examined as well, including four of five bougie tips and three of five Magill forceps.’
Mid 18th century: from French, literally wax candle from Arabic Bijāya, the name of an Algerian town that traded in wax.
Exhibiting qualities attributed to the middle class, especially pretentiousness or conventionality.‘the candlelit cocktail party was pretty bougie’
- ‘Now he's a comfortable bourgie college administrator, but he had some great stories.’
- ‘This bar and tapas place is just steps away from the more bougie wine-tasting spots that have popped up in the last few years.’
- ‘All this does is reinforce my impression of the fashion industry as one filled with vapid, self-centered, bougie hipsters who think they're artists.’
- ‘Neighbors will wonder how you can afford your home and new acquaintances may assume you're bougie.’
- ‘We always felt underdressed and that the crowd in there just seemed a little too bougie for our taste.’
- ‘I wonder whether my daughters will install carpeting in their townhomes because hardwood floors are bougie and lame.’
- ‘Your audience here and in general is necessarily a pack of bourgie overeducated striver types.’
- ‘Dad didn't like it 'cause it was too bougie and gentrified and full of tourists and rich hippies.’
1960s (originally in African-American usage): from bourgeois.