Definition of botulism in US English:

botulism

noun

  • Food poisoning caused by a bacterium (botulinum) growing on improperly sterilized canned meats and other preserved foods.

    • ‘Wound botulism occurs when the bacteria infect a person's wound, and the toxin is produced inside of it.’
    • ‘In 1897, Van Ermengen related botulism to a bacterial toxin.’
    • ‘Epidemics of botulism and cholera exacted a heavy toll on waterfowl in the West.’
    • ‘Other infectious diseases that pose a threat include plague, tularemia, botulism and tuberculosis.’
    • ‘The bacteria which cause botulism cannot grow in acid conditions, so acid foods such as canned fruit and tomatoes need be heated only just enough to bring the centre of the can to boiling point.’
    • ‘Honey can contain bacterial spores that cause infant botulism - a potentially fatal form of food poisoning.’
    • ‘This is the same bacterial nerve toxin that causes botulism, an illness which causes muscle weakness or paralysis.’
    • ‘Like anthrax, bacteria that produce botulism also occur in spore form in contaminated soil, although that's rare.’
    • ‘Patients exposed to anthrax and botulism should be cared for using standard precautions.’
    • ‘The deadly botulism variety of food poisoning, usually from improperly canned food items, can be put to good use.’
    • ‘Growth of the bacterium Clostridium botulinum in canned food may cause botulism - a deadly form of food poisoning.’
    • ‘Rarely, bacteria that produce botulism may also occur in spore form in contaminated soil.’
    • ‘An infant can acquire botulism by ingesting Clostridium botulinum spores, which are found in soil or honey products.’
    • ‘Dr Edmiston explained how anthrax, smallpox variola virus, botulism, and pneumonic plague fit the criteria.’
    • ‘In particular it wants assurances that the checks the industry has in place to ensure that the bacteria causing botulism does not get into baby products are adequate.’
    • ‘It was identified in the 1820s as the bacterium found in contaminated food that causes botulism.’
    • ‘Exhausting or venting of pressure canners is necessary to prevent a risk of botulism in low-acid canned foods.’
    • ‘And he took the observation that with the food poisoning called botulism, one of the first symptoms was crossed eyes, or drooping of the lids.’
    • ‘Botulism, in particular botulism due to wounds, is rare.’
    • ‘The minister identified plague, ebola, smallpox, anthrax, tularaemia and botulism as the main biological threats.’

Origin

Late 19th century: from German Botulismus, originally ‘sausage poisoning’, from Latin botulus ‘sausage’.

Pronunciation

botulism

/ˈbɑtʃəˌlɪzəm//ˈbäCHəˌlizəm/