Definition of borrowing in US English:



  • 1The action of borrowing something.

    count noun ‘the group had total borrowings of $570 million’
    ‘the borrowing of clothes’
    • ‘Officers are still trying to find out whether the £5 million for borrowing is available for more than one year.’
    • ‘Over the first five months of the fiscal year public borrowing has totalled £16.8bn, more than double the figure for the same period last year.’
    • ‘As a final note, the interest on National's proposed borrowing is around $150 million a year.’
    • ‘But what we are most concerned about is the lack of a proper business plan for the planned borrowing of £16 million to fund a new central library that just can't be paid back overnight.’
    • ‘This raised the question as to how long the global economic system could sustain such borrowings from its largest member and what the consequences would be of a sudden reversal.’
    • ‘All that is required for borrowing is a valid university identification card or a valid participating regional consortia card.’
    • ‘Though critical in itself, it still accounts for just one-third of total borrowing in the state.’
    • ‘I know these are tiny examples, but I'm sure more could be done in the way of borrowing and sharing.’
    • ‘The most recent estimate of the total of Calonne's borrowing is 651 million livres.’
    • ‘Another reason for the disparity of interest rates is a lack of corporate borrowing.’
    • ‘Even though interest rates had fallen by 2.75% in the past three years, he said the cost of borrowing for business still remained exorbitantly high.’
    • ‘Consumers continue to go deeper into debt as the latest credit figures reveal that borrowing rose strongly at 16% in the year to the end of May 2003.’
    • ‘Total borrowing by pensioners through these schemes is £2.3bn.’
    • ‘By 1998, net borrowing had reached 660 million euros.’
    • ‘This is Monopoly stuff, with hundreds of millions of pounds of borrowing.’
    • ‘The emergence of specific-purpose vehicles like PPPs has changed infrastructure investment, but the need for government borrowing is still substantial.’
    • ‘And borrowing has reached almost £280 million.’
    • ‘According to the British Bankers' Association, new borrowing on credit cards totalled just over £6.5 billion last month alone.’
    • ‘Marguerite Gracy, head of Bolton Libraries, says that while borrowing of books and audio visual material may be declining, the number of people visiting libraries is increasing.’
    • ‘American students are taking out more loans without understanding the consequences borrowing can have on them after graduation, says a late March report by a public advocacy group.’
    1. 1.1 A word, idea, or method taken from another source and used in one's own language or work.
      ‘a hard-bop musician with some borrowings from free jazz’
      • ‘German today is peppered with borrowings from English and, despite some mutterings, there are no official attempts to purify the tongue of Goethe and Grass.’
      • ‘Sterne acknowledged his borrowings from writers such as Cervantes and Montaigne, but was curiously silent about his many thefts from Burton.’
      • ‘The use of the voluntary sector is a convenient method of concealing the number of people employed by central and local government and removing the necessary borrowings from public statistics.’
      • ‘The focus on the disappearance of existing words and the formation of new words provided insight into loan-words and borrowings as well as obsolete terms.’
      • ‘Moreover, even with the borrowings from flamenco, the movement vocabulary was thin, with very little formal choreography.’
      • ‘Rushdie's borrowings from Dante consist of topographical and stylistic devices.’
      • ‘Constancio's rejection of Paine's deism illustrates that liberals were selective in their borrowings from the ‘canonical’ Enlightenment.’
      • ‘Fenelon's text, full of borrowings from the ancients, is beautiful in its elocution and its rhythm.’
      • ‘In Glasgow's jewellers and souvenir shops you can hardly move for bowdlerisations and the palest of borrowings from the city's most famous son.’
      • ‘His stark, dramatic compositions strive for immediacy of effect at all costs - now in unpolished newsreel fashion, now in shadowy borrowings from Expressionism.’
      • ‘The clientele for McCulloch's hotels has always been cosmopolitan and he freely acknowledges his borrowings from French hotel and restaurant culture.’
      • ‘I was, however, interested in Scots Gothic and ballads, having been sidetracked slightly in my research by Muriel Spark's use of the supernatural and her borrowings from Scotland's dark history.’
      • ‘Indeed, many of the colonial terms which puzzled the new chums were not colonial-grown, but borrowings from various British dialects.’
      • ‘Religion in the lives of tropical forest foragers increasingly reflects borrowings from neighboring African groups.’
      • ‘A few more aphorisms have been found as borrowings from the past.’
      • ‘The riot is ‘deconstructed’ to show how all its materials are forms of borrowings from other sources, a fact which apparently precludes it from being genuinely spiritual.’
      • ‘A similar phenomenon occurred in Old English, in which very many abstract words were formed by compounds of native Germanic words, instead of by borrowings from Latin.’
      • ‘Burying one's learned borrowings from ‘sources’ was a craft which one picked up from one's teachers.’
      • ‘How borrowings from Hindi words have changed since the end of the Raj is evident from what I once saw in London's Trafalgar Square.’
      • ‘Like linguistic systems, it is open to individual inventions and borrowings that expand the language, and redundancies that contract it.’