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The ratio of the gas constant to Avogadro's number, equal to 1.381 × 10–²³ joules per kelvin in the case where the number of molecules is equal to Avogadro's number.
‘We see that the temperature of a brick is just the average energy per harmonic oscillator in the brick divided by Boltzmann's constant.’
‘The kinetic energy of the outward-moving ions in temperature units may be of the order 100k B, where k B is Boltzmann's constant.’
‘Boltzmann's constant, calculated from the pooled data of several observers, is in excellent agreement with the accepted value.’