Definition of bivalent in English:

bivalent

adjective

  • 1Biology
    (of homologous chromosomes) associated in pairs.

    • ‘Note that the bivalent sex chromosome remaining in the vicinity of the equator appears to be oriented to the poles.’
    • ‘Because only homologous chromosomes pair, allopolyploids strictly exhibit bivalent formation (two chromosomes pair) at meiosis and undergo disomic inheritance for each locus.’
    • ‘If chromosomes 1 and 2 are genetically more identical, as are chromosomes 3 and 4, there are three different combinations for the bivalent chromosome pairing.’
    • ‘A bivalent B chromosome was removed directly from a pachytene slide by a micromanipulator.’
    • ‘Slides containing F 2 worms were screened for the presence of worms with diakinesis nuclei exhibiting more than six chromatin masses (indicating failure in bivalent formation).’
  • 2Chemistry

    another term for divalent
    • ‘The surface of BR is bound with bivalent metal cations, charge amino acids and polar phospholipids to form an asymmetrical distribution of charges on the membrane surface.’
    • ‘Using strips of sister holograms from one slide, we made a range of measurements of various mono- and bivalent ions.’
    • ‘A comparison of the effect of monovalent counterions and bivalent counterions is a subject of our future work.’
    • ‘The bivalent cations were slightly increased as well as chloride and phosphate.’
    • ‘It causes the cell wall to become rigid by blocking free carboxyl groups that interact with bivalent ions like Ca 2 +.’

noun

Biology
  • A pair of homologous chromosomes.

    • ‘True non-disjunction as a mechanism causing aneuploidy was separately assessed when a bivalent was found in a set of metaphase II chromosomes.’
    • ‘However, no investigation has been made into whether homologous chromosome pairs or bivalents with altered patterns of recombination events may also be at increased risk for nondisjunction in mammals other than humans.’
    • ‘An additional line drawing to the side depicts the spatial arrangement of the bivalent corresponding to LG - 02 and the FISH signals associated therewith.’
    • ‘On average, each double-crossover bivalent produces one double-crossover chromosome (of four) in the absence of chromatid interference.’
    • ‘Three properties of meiotic chromosomes act to form a bivalent that will undergo proper reductional division.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: from bi- two + Latin valent- being strong (from the verb valere).

Pronunciation:

bivalent

/bīˈvālənt/