The fouling of pipes and underwater surfaces by organisms such as barnacles and algae.
- ‘The two organisms used in the present study represent the two most common forms of algal biofouling in the marine environment.’
- ‘Liedert's synthetic version mimics this composition with silicone, in hopes that the scale structure is what gives sharks their biofouling defense.’
- ‘So what is biofouling, and what makes it such a tricky - and widespread - problem?’
- ‘Antonia Kesel and Ralph Liedert, at the University of Applied Sciences in Bremen, Germany, has created an artificial sharkskin that mimics natural sharkskin's innate resistance to biofouling.’
- ‘An understanding of the nature of the zoospore adhesive and the mechanism of its adhesion may provide clues for the prevention of the destructive biofouling that characterizes this organism.’
- ‘They have excellent resistance to seawater corrosion and biofouling, but are susceptible to erosion-corrosion at high water velocities.’
- ‘In most biofouling organisms, settlement and metamorphosis are so tightly coupled that there is some debate as to whether they are actually separate processes.’
- ‘Thus, in contrast to biofouling organisms, settlement and metamorphosis are probably not tightly coupled, as megalopae can move between sites before metamorphosis.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.