Definition of bilharzia in English:



  • 1A chronic disease, endemic in parts of Africa and South America, caused by infestation with blood flukes (schistosomes)

    • ‘Would we not still see breast cancer, heart disease, diabetes, asthma, Alzheimer's disease, etc as being the diseases attracting funding rather than bilharzia?’
    • ‘They also provide breeding grounds for the carriers of diseases such as malaria and bilharzia.’
    • ‘Almost all Egyptian mummies contained parasites which caused amoebic dysentery and bilharzia, and mummies in the New World had whipworm and roundworm eggs.’
    • ‘The US manufacturer of a drug to treat bilharzia, a parasitic disease that causes severe liver damage, has stopped production because of declining profits - even though the disease is thought to affect over 200 million people worldwide.’
    • ‘Our doctor warned us that we would be certain to contract bilharzia if we did so, since the disease was endemic throughout the lakeside population.’
    • ‘Water related diseases, such as cholera, typhoid, dysentery, bilharzia, and trachoma, are the single largest cause of human sickness in the world, and they disproportionately affect poor people, it said.’
    • ‘How can we expect a man or a woman to do a full day's work if he or she is riddled with malaria, bilharzia or hookworm?’
    • ‘Some of the most common diseases are malaria, bilharzia, sexually transmitted diseases, tetanus, cholera, polio, and typhoid.’
    • ‘These are called schistosomes and they cause a disease known as bilharzia (schistosomiasis).’
    • ‘The main effects of hunger are apathy and disease - bilharzia, cholera, tuberculosis, HIV-Aids.’
    • ‘A family history of the disease, or chronic infection with the tropical diseases bilharzia also increase the risk of bladder cancer.’
    • ‘Schistosomiasis, also known as bilharzia, is an epidemic disease characterized by the gradual destruction of the kidneys, liver and other organs by a parasitic worm.’
    • ‘A serious bilharzia outbreak has hit Mazabuka district affecting the daily classroom attendance by pupils in the classroom.’
    • ‘More than 33,000 cases of cholera have been reported, while malaria, anaemia and bilharzia have ravaged the population over the last few months.’
    • ‘However, her medical records indicate that she has bronchitis, TB, bilharzia, malaria, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and multiple coughs and colds, all due to sickle cell.’
    • ‘Malnutrition is common, making it possible for tropical diseases such as malaria and bilharzia to spread.’
    • ‘He contracted bilharzia, then usually fatal, and wrote to his family asking for his body to be flown home and buried in the Varenne valley.’
    • ‘As in other parts of Zambia, tropical diseases such as malaria, bilharzia, and intestinal worms are quite common among the group.’
    • ‘These can be infected with water-borne parasites such as schistosomiasis, which is responsible for the disease bilharzia.’
    • ‘The disease schistosomiasis, or bilharzia, is a serious health problem in many parts of the world; you can learn more about it from the World Health Organization.’
    1. 1.1The fluke (schistosome) itself.
      • ‘Bilharzia Fluke and other soil- transmitted worms have affected two million Zambians, the southern African country's health minister said here Monday.’
      • ‘Slow flowing canals and stagnant pools were even more likely to harbour dangers: the snail which is host to the bilharzia blood fluke grows best in such an environment.’
      • ‘Bilharzia is transmitted by bathing in water infected with bilharzia larvae.’
      • ‘It seems that the bilharzia fluke hasn't changed much over the centuries, and looking at the older specimens can be of help in fighting the disease/infestation.’
      • ‘Fruits are lethal for snails, some aquatic life including bilharzia fluke.’


Mid 19th century: modern Latin, former name of the genus Schistosoma, named after T. Bilharz (1825–62), the German physician who discovered the parasite.