One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A Eurasian plant of the mint family, which bears spikes of showy purple flowers.
Stachys officinalis, family Labiatae
- ‘Bithwind Bindweed Bitony Wood betony, Stachys Betonica, known as bishopswort, highly popular cure although especially used for headaches.’
- ‘I then took some betony and cut it with my dagger and placed it in my cauldron.’
- ‘‘‘Tis betony; ‘twill be a rinse for his wound, ‘she said as she stirred it around.’’
- ‘Peppermint, betony and sunflower teas can take a little milk.’
- ‘It also comes with a free dime-bag of ‘nicotine-free smoking blend consisting of a mixture of wood betony, rosemary, thyme and lavender.’’
- ‘I got the idea from a garden at the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum in which a badly eroded mud adobe wall enclosed a circular planting bed filled with red-flowered Texas betony and salvias.’
- ‘Comparison with other nerve herbs: most specific for insomnia caused by nervous excitement, in this it is somewhat similar to skullcap and stronger than wood betony.’
- 1.1 Used in names of plants that resemble the betony, e.g., wood betony.
- ‘Cancer the Crab - June 22 - July 22, ruling the stomach peristalsis, lower part of the lungs, breasts, esophagus, diaphragm, liver, stomach: daisy, agrimony, alder, lemon balm, water lilies, rushes, cucumbers, squashes, melons, water plants, water betony, honeysuckle, hyssop, jasmine.’
Middle English: from Old French betoine, based on Latin betonica, perhaps from the name of an Iberian tribe.
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