Definition of Battery in English:

Battery

proper noun

the Battery
  • A historic area at the southern end of Manhattan Island in New York City.

Pronunciation:

Battery

/ˈbadərē/

Definition of battery in English:

battery

noun

  • 1A container consisting of one or more cells, in which chemical energy is converted into electricity and used as a source of power.

    [as modifier] ‘battery power’
    • ‘Some analysts foresee fuel cells replacing batteries in consumer electronics and other applications before long.’
    • ‘If there's no electricity, how do you get the energy to power the batteries for the cameras?’
    • ‘If there is no electrical hookup, it can use the energy from a car battery, solar cell, or bicycle generator.’
    • ‘The redox reaction in the battery is the source of the electrical energy; batteries are voltaic cells.’
    • ‘The cells in a car battery generate electricity with a chemical reaction between a lead plate and a lead dioxide plate that are bathed in acid.’
    • ‘While the new electrodes have not yet been tested in fuel cells or batteries, Liu expects they will significantly boost energy output.’
    • ‘Standard batteries can power digital cellphones for several hours of transmission or days of standby operation.’
    • ‘For short missions, power can be provided by batteries or fuel cells, which produce power from chemical energy.’
    • ‘However, the short and unpredictable life spans of existing chemical batteries means that new power supply solutions are needed.’
    • ‘A quartz watch powered by a battery is constantly powered and tells accurate time all the time and do not need time adjustment.’
    • ‘An electromagnet starts with a battery (or some other source of power) and a wire.’
    • ‘These engines also could provide electrical power instead of relying on solar cells or batteries.’
    • ‘The batteries that power the electric motor cost thousands.’
    • ‘You can see why there is so much excitement around fuel cells right now - fuel cells solve the battery problem.’
    • ‘Compared to batteries, fuel cells will be smaller, much lighter and instantly rechargeable.’
    • ‘The electricity that we get from power outlets and batteries can power all different kinds of devices.’
    • ‘The product is advertised to operate using static electricity only and requiring no batteries or other power sources.’
    • ‘At low speeds, the car uses only the electric motor powered by batteries.’
    • ‘Clocks go faster or slower over time, batteries and power sources go dead, or important time changes, such as daylight saving, can be forgotten.’
    • ‘Hidden within cell phones, laptops, and digital cameras, lithium-ion batteries increasingly power the world.’
    cell, accumulator, power unit
    View synonyms
  • 2A fortified emplacement for heavy guns.

    • ‘Over a quarter served in anti-aircraft batteries where they came under fire and operated searchlights and targeting instruments.’
    • ‘Right around me there are Patriot anti-aircraft missile batteries.’
    • ‘The missile batteries had ceased firing as the shorter range made them less effective.’
    • ‘They began to take out various Patriot missile batteries and various boats patrolling up and down the river.’
    • ‘The lights on the side were on, and it seemed its radar dishes were rotating, plus several of the unmanned turrets and missile batteries on the side were armed.’
    • ‘I gritted my teeth and swallowed hard, my thoughts briefly turning to the heavy missile batteries and the people who crewed them.’
    • ‘To frustrate airborne landings, obstacles were set up, areas flooded and a nightmare of antiaircraft batteries were ready.’
    • ‘The first fortification was the emplacement of anti-aircraft batteries and machine-guns for defense of the skies.’
    • ‘Mrs Reston was one of the last to leave, and carried her son across the battery, under heavy bombardment, to the waiting boat.’
    • ‘My first command was an antiaircraft battery in the Washington-Baltimore defense perimeter.’
    • ‘To this day, a casual walk along the Normandy coast reveals scores of entrenched batteries and nearly monumental emplacements of concrete.’
    • ‘In this war, the Patriot missile batteries were used in a really innovative way.’
    • ‘Private Bergot is not in the trenches like his higher-ranking officers, and he is not manning an anti-aircraft battery or a cannon.’
    • ‘At five o'clock, a convoy even brought a heavy missile battery.’
    • ‘We will be assisted by heavy artillery-grade missile batteries that launch from further inside the complex.’
    • ‘The US coastguard imposed a three-mile boat exclusion zone around the island and Patriot anti-aircraft missile batteries were installed on beaches.’
    • ‘Whenever we saw an anti-aircraft battery or munitions dump, we took it out.’
    • ‘The shore batteries took a heavy toll of the landing craft, particularly at Westkapelle, and supporting armour bogged down in the soft clay.’
    • ‘The Italian army has installed anti-aircraft missile batteries around Rome, and Nato is sending a surveillance plane to overfly the city.’
    • ‘These new air defense units are a composite of Patriot, Avenger, and Stinger Missile batteries.’
    1. 2.1 An artillery subunit of guns, men, and vehicles.
      • ‘This consisted of 10 regular and 18 irregular regiments of cavalry, 74 regiments of infantry, and 22 artillery batteries.’
      • ‘However, the Panzer Regiment destroyed a motorized column and an artillery battery before the French could withdraw.’
      • ‘Anti-aircraft fire required tables that were far more detailed than those used by field artillery batteries.’
      • ‘I also compare between women who serve in an artillery battery and women who serve in an infantry company.’
      • ‘The task force later lost the howitzer battery, separate infantry platoon, and engineer platoon.’
      • ‘It was not uncommon for a brigade to have a cavalry troop or artillery battery as part of its organic makeup.’
      • ‘The mortar platoon is the personal artillery battery for the battalion commander.’
      • ‘The disappearance of the classical front line required that artillery batteries fight as infantry in the defense of their guns.’
      • ‘Numerically, each of its three cavalry squadrons has the equivalent of a tank battalion, a mechanized battalion, and an artillery battery.’
      • ‘Wouldn't an artillery battery or a couple of guns have required troops to defend it?’
      • ‘Regiments would have an organic six-gun artillery battery and a reconnaissance troop.’
      • ‘Having readied their batteries for war, commanders now had to deal with preserving the peace.’
      • ‘The first unit that they saw was an artillery battery on the other side of an open field.’
      • ‘The fire support battalion will consolidate the two mortar platoons of the original battalions into batteries.’
      • ‘There are no heavy battalions or massed batteries in this picture.’
      • ‘The artillery batteries ' duties quickly changed to extending, improving and maintaining a brigade-sized defensive perimeter.’
      • ‘Even in engaging artillery batteries, the aim was primarily to wipe out the crews.’
      • ‘Ocean carries an artillery battery and can be used to supply the paratroopers, who are at present lightly armed, with more weapons.’
      • ‘Meanwhile the enemy had with astonishing rapidity brought a number of powerful batteries of artillery into position behind the Marre ridge, on the western bank of the river.’
      • ‘The number of rapidly deployable mobile batteries used on each mission by the Army will depend on the operational requirements.’
      gun emplacement, artillery unit
      View synonyms
  • 3A set of units of equipment, typically when connected together.

    ‘a battery of equipment to monitor blood pressure’
    • ‘Today you would need a battery of electronic equipment to measure the difference in noise and vibration between, say, a Focus and a Mondeo.’
    • ‘There is also a battery of powerful surveillance and monitoring equipment located inside and on the perimeter wall of Grosvenor Road barracks.’
    • ‘Rolling to his right, he took cover behind a battery of computer equipment.’
    array, set, bank, group, row, line, line-up, raft, collection, assortment
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1 An extensive series, sequence, or range of things.
      ‘children given a battery of tests’
      • ‘An important reason for including this test in our battery was that there is evidence to suggest that performance on this test is strongly related to reading comprehension.’
      • ‘A battery of neuropsychological tests were also administered by IVR with a standard touch-tone telephone.’
      • ‘If you're a student that's been asked to run a battery of qualitative organic tests, you should ask for a refund of your tuition.’
      • ‘Our extensive battery of outcome measures, which focus mainly on physical benefits, is unlikely to capture the full extent of these apparent social benefits.’
      • ‘You may undergo a battery of diagnostic tests and try a variety of treatment methods.’
      • ‘Each gambler is subjected to a battery of psychological tests prior to the treatment program, and again at the completion of the program.’
      • ‘As a part of a concussion preventive program, they routinely do a battery of baseline psychological and brain function tests on all entrants.’
      • ‘A battery of films is lined up for release next week.’
      • ‘Well, their total scores on the Wechsler battery of mental tests correlate at 0.69.’
      • ‘Each patient underwent the same battery of tests before surgery, at discharge, three months after surgery, and two years after surgery.’
      • ‘A battery of psychological tests administered to me at this time tells the story of my mental status in a stark manner that clearly outlines my assets and deficits.’
      • ‘Gladys was moved to the cardiology ward but again, despite a further battery of tests (including repeating earlier ones) no one could say for sure what caused her pain.’
      • ‘Atopy was assessed by skin prick tests with a battery of 10 common inhalant allergens.’
      • ‘At six months, a single leg hop for distance was added to the battery of tests.’
      • ‘No single lab test helps with the diagnosis; however, a battery of tests should be performed to rule out medical complications of starvation.’
      • ‘Comprehensive batteries of tests have been developed to provide quantitative measures of fluency and comprehension and to assess a range of linguistic abilities.’
      • ‘In these experiments, test subjects with maladies ranging from severe brain trauma to bipolar disorder undergo a battery of visual tests.’
      • ‘The battery consisted of seven tests that were enumerated according to the construct they tapped.’
      • ‘They also completed several batteries of tests and scales to help gauge their quality of life, mental and physical functioning and mood.’
      • ‘Children completed a battery of neuropsychological tests in the areas of processing speed, vigilance, and inhibition.’
      series, sequence, range, set, cycle, chain, string, progression, succession
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  • 4Law
    The crime or tort of unconsented physical contact with another person, even where the contact is not violent but merely menacing or offensive.

    • ‘Now he awaits trial for first-degree murder, attempted murder, and aggravated battery.’
    • ‘The guy has previous convictions for kidnapping, battery and assault.’
    • ‘That would be a criminal action, namely assault (rather than battery which includes physical contact).’
    • ‘Kantor has listed three of them in her complaint: assault, battery, and intentional infliction of emotional distress.’
    • ‘In most cases of battery or actual bodily harm the causal connection will be plain, but cases involving drugs have presented difficulties.’
    violence, assault, mugging
    View synonyms
  • 5Baseball
    the batteryThe pitcher and the catcher in a game, considered as a unit.

    • ‘I was all excited to report on the fact Philadelphia started an all-Independent Baseball battery yesterday for its Grapefruit League game against Cleveland in Winter Haven, FL.’
    • ‘The defensive baseball positions can be divided into three main categories: 1) the battery, 2) infielders, 3) outfielders.’
    • ‘By "Clicking On" the pitcher's name you can see their battery mates for all of their starts as well as their shutouts.’

Origin

Middle English: from French batterie, from battre to strike from Latin battuere. The original sense was metal articles wrought by hammering later a number of pieces of artillery used together; on this was based a sense a number of Leyden jars connected up so as to discharge simultaneously (mid 18th century), from which battery developed. The general meaning a set or series of similar units ( battery) dates from the late 19th century.

Pronunciation:

battery

/ˈbadərē/