Definition of Basque in English:

Basque

noun

  • 1A member of a people living in the Basque Country of France and Spain. Culturally one of the most distinct groups in Europe, the Basques were largely independent until the 19th century.

    • ‘The distinctive Basque culture was recognized by the rulers of Castile until the nineteenth century, when the Basques ' privileges were removed by the Spanish court.’
    • ‘In recent years, Basques in both Spain and France have promoted - with some success - the use of their traditional language.’
    • ‘They have been joined by three other Spanish groups, the Basques, Galicians and Valencians who also want their languages officially recognised.’
    • ‘During the period of Spanish colonization, Basques from Spain had often taken administrative posts overseas.’
    • ‘Due to centuries of social struggle, Basques now live in relative autonomy.’
    • ‘French and Spanish fishermen soon joined the Basques.’
    • ‘Although the Basque country is divided between France and Spain, the Basques have maintained an identity separate from both states.’
    • ‘The Basques, Europe's oldest surviving group, are also the first identifiable people of the peninsula.’
    • ‘The Basques are a distinct community with a unique language in what is today northern Spain and south west France.’
    • ‘One remarkable feature of the indigenous culture is that there are striking and inexplicable resemblances between the language and that of the Basques in Europe.’
  • 2The language of the Basques, which has no known relation to any other language.

    • ‘But the majority prefer to speak Basque because it's easier for them.’
    • ‘These languages include not only Dutch, German, and Scandinavian, Asian, and African languages, but less widely spoken languages such as Basque, Yiddish, and Greek.’
    • ‘With eight colleagues, he has just completed a large reference grammar of Basque, to be published shortly.’
    • ‘Whatever their mother tongue: Spanish, Hindi, Finnish, Basque, Walpiri, Quechua, babies acquire it long before they learn to read and write.’
    • ‘Etruscan was obviously not an Indo-European language and was unrelated to Basque.’

adjective

  • Relating to the Basques or their language.

    • ‘In these simple clubs, whose name in the ancient Basque language means ‘corner’, attendance is by invitation only.’
    • ‘It is possible to listen to the music of many Basque composers, both contemporary and classical, and feel that the influence of the outside world has been paramount.’
    • ‘The Basque language is extremely difficult and complex.’
    • ‘He was pleased to notice Basque symbols on the awning outside, but when we looked at the menu, we quickly noticed cuisine was more regional French and Spanish, with slight inflections of traditional dishes.’
    • ‘They sing and improvise in Euskera, the Basque language.’

Origin

From French, from Latin Vasco; compare with Gascon.

Pronunciation

Basque

/bask/

Definition of basque in English:

basque

noun

  • A close-fitting bodice extending from the shoulders to the waist and often with a short continuation below waist level.

    • ‘Inside the theatre foyer, I was greeted by two young women dressed for the part - one in a French maid's outfit and the other in a basque.’
    • ‘We finally got the basque back and delivered it to the bride-to-be's room.’
    • ‘Just how ridiculous do we look with a basque over our jeans?’
    • ‘In the production, at the theatre, she appeared briefly in stockings and a basque, in which she was pictured for publicity shots.’
    • ‘But if you want weird you should have seen the group of ladies and gents all dressed in black, some wearing basques and other risqué clothing.’
    • ‘He has no fetish for stiletto heels and stocking tops, and there are no women dressed only in basques.’
    • ‘Beside this, an armchair was covered in a wild outgrowth of clothes: summer dresses; stockings; suspenders; a garter belt; an ornate white basque that she had worn for him one night.’
    • ‘The sexy star wore a tight-fitting basque designed by top corset-maker.’
    • ‘"She loves the customised T-shirts and the Kyri basques," says the shop owner, stepping up to the rail and removing an orange basque.’
    • ‘Even sitting at home, she's in an extravagant outfit of stockings, suspenders, basque, feather boa, everything.’
    • ‘She was referring to the picture of me dressed in a basque, stockings, suspenders and a thong that had been circulating on everybody's mobile phone.’
    • ‘And take a look at supportive underwear; there are briefs which help hold your tummy in, and if you're really keen, boned basques which squeeze you in.’
    • ‘Even now, she is probably parading round your living room in a rubber basque.’
    • ‘Shops all over the city have been ransacked for boots, basques, garters, stockings and suspenders and other distinctly racy garments by theatre-goers determined to join in the spirit of the gender-bending theatrical phenomenon.’
    • ‘The shots of her grinning like a lunatic on the beach, or posed in stockings and basque, were not enough.’
    • ‘The girl wore a see through black basque and back combed bleached hair.’
    • ‘He had hired a crazy wig and wore a slinky black dress, black stockings and a basque.’
    • ‘If you are blessed with a curvy, hourglass figure, then a corset or basque will certainly make the most of your assets.’
    • ‘That music has persuaded a huge range of actors and actresses to don basques and fishnets over the years.’
    • ‘In the meantime, I will be taking my new black and pink see-thru basque with me.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: from Basque, referring to Basque dress.

Pronunciation

basque

/bask/