Definition of basin in English:



  • 1A bowl for washing, typically attached to a wall and having faucets connected to a water supply; a washbasin.

    • ‘And the rooms' en-suites boast anti-mist mirrors and vanity basins the size of horse troughs.’
    • ‘Alex dropped the plate she was washing into the basin and spluttered as the soapy water splashed in her face, stinging her eyes.’
    • ‘A pump stood in the corner, and a basin with unwashed dishes waiting for washing was beneath the spigot.’
    • ‘I lay the clothes out on a chair then poured some fresh water into the basin on the side table and wet a cloth.’
    • ‘Of course, there are other drawbacks to being tall, like having to stoop to wash the dishes, rinse her hands in the bathroom basin or write at a desk.’
    • ‘I took Jenny's mallet and watched as she and Nicole went up to where one of the maids was had set a washing basin.’
    • ‘She set the candle on the dressing-table, flung off her bonnet and slung it loosely across her arm; she went to the wash-hand-stand and filled the basin with water.’
    • ‘Cindy stood up from her seat and went over to the basin and continued her washing up.’
    • ‘As Ashley washed her face, Katrina placed her yellow medicine bag on the chair next to the basin.’
    • ‘It was spacious and had a large bed, a dresser and a water basin.’
    • ‘He noticed that she had been sitting with the Caucasian man who was now standing up and washing his hands in a basin located on the wall of the restaurant.’
    • ‘The young woman stood and walked to the porcelain basin on her bedside table.’
    • ‘To the right of the fireplace was a washing basin, filled to the brim with crisp water form the well for the workers.’
    • ‘After finishing breakfast she washed the plates in the water basin, along with the bowl that Checkers had licked clean, and returned them to their proper places.’
    • ‘During his four-month stay in the hospital, Mrs Gearon-Simm claimed cleaners failed to mop floors and clean basins and furniture.’
    • ‘There was a jug of water and a basin on the table next to the bed, and I quickly washed my face and hands.’
    • ‘She made her way to her dresser, using the basin of water left there to wash her face and hands, drying them with a towel.’
    • ‘There was a night table with a basin of water, and that was all of the accommodations.’
    • ‘Pearl slowly poured water into the basin and then dipped the towel into the bowl.’
    • ‘‘I liked the traditional idea of washing with a basin and ewer,’ he reflects.’
    bowl, dish, pan, pot
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  • 2A wide, round open container, especially one used for holding liquid.

    • ‘Then he pours a basin of chestnuts, about 8 kilograms, into the pot and stirs vigorously.’
    • ‘She walked over to her cooking area and got a basin of sanitized water out, and a cloth, and began cleaning his wounds.’
    • ‘However, if you wanted to stock up on discounted Pyrex or Tupperware dishes, plastic basins or buckets and scented and non-scented candles, it offered good value.’
    • ‘As a small boy of five or six years, I often watched as she carefully cleared her stone of eggs from the big basin, and placed them carefully in this basket.’
    • ‘Then one evening a neighbour came in to the place where they were churning and he looked at all the milk in the baths, pails and basins and asked them what they were doing.’
    • ‘Put the cream cheese, mascarpone, caster sugar, eggs and the extra yolk in the basin of a food mixer (you will need the beater attachment).’
    • ‘I plugged the fridge out on Saturday night, packing the depleted food supplies into a basin.’
    • ‘Cook slowly in a basin over hot water until thickened.’
    • ‘The water tinkled as it flowed down into the silver-lined basins at the bottom of the fountains.’
    • ‘These were the old florally decorated type to match their basin and jug sets.’
    • ‘If you don't have a suitable mixing container, such as a plastic basin or a wheelbarrow, prepare the mix on a piece of scrap plywood.’
    • ‘To serve, dip the basin briefly into hot water and invert on to a serving dish.’
    • ‘On the table, was a basin of water, and circle stone and a lit candle.’
    • ‘There were also four round, usually open, sugar bowls resembling water basins and four large low bowls on brazierlike stands, two for each side of the rotunda.’
    • ‘The list is substantial, totalling more than 15,500 ounces and including many decorated ewers and basins, livery pots, cups and salts, as well as large quantities of plain utilitarian plate.’
    • ‘People saw them turn over her basins of food and all the tofu products, eggs and all, splashed on the ground.’
    • ‘Some of his flagons, tankards, plates, saucers, salts, basins, and chamber pots, although unspecified as to material, were undoubtedly also made of pewter.’
    • ‘In the middle is an enormous table with a big basin, like a wine cooler.’
    • ‘A portable boiler for 50 basins of soup, basins and spoons are being lent by Mr Etheridge, a member of the education committee.’
    • ‘Several butter dishes and basins in which milk was stored while the cream separated were ordered and delivered, but later removed from the final service.’
  • 3A natural depression on the earth's surface, typically containing water.

    ‘the Indian Ocean basin’
    • ‘In September 1909 he had prepared his expedition with intentions to explore the polar basin, when the news about Peary's success arrived.’
    • ‘For those unfamiliar with the area, the station overlooks the Grand Canal basin, a wide deep area of water.’
    • ‘Nablus, in the north of the West Bank, is surrounded by steep hillsides forming a basin, containing the main town area.’
    • ‘Jutting mountains and low basins form a range of habitats suitable for a broad spectrum of terrestrial and freshwater species.’
    • ‘The lock is a popular angling pitch, as it provides a natural basin and is usually rich in salmon and trout.’
    • ‘The kingdom of France had originated, and first expanded, in the rolling, open country of the Paris basin where communications were easy.’
    • ‘The central mountains consist of wide plateaus and basins.’
    • ‘Ahead of you the landscape drops away, a basin walled on three sides by hills, and open ahead into valleys, trees, fields, the world.’
    • ‘Valley-like basins, plains, and plateaus stretch between the mountains.’
    • ‘The Montrose basin, with its wide expanse of sandflats, offers a perfect environment for the sea trout and, as luck would have it, is too shallow for fish farming.’
    • ‘The lower basin needed that water to ship a few barges of grain and other commodities along the channelized river.’
    • ‘The basins are connected, forming a system of natural waterways that link the Baltic and Black Seas.’
    • ‘Although it is no longer used for drinking, the basin did supply the town's potable water until the 1960s.’
    • ‘At the beginning of the nineteenth century the population stood at a mere 5000, contained entirely within the Sydney basin.’
    • ‘Now, two rivers of molten lava poured continually in, making the basin wider.’
    • ‘It is located in a wide basin on the road linking India with Central Asia.’
    • ‘Frothy geysers and hissing fumaroles vent into icy air, huge herds of elk and bison gather in low basins for food and warmth, the forest glitters with ice, and a blanket of snow brings a rare silence.’
    • ‘Out ahead lay a wide cultivated basin - ponds near its center, small clumps of trees, many acres of barley and beans and hay and grazing pastures.’
    • ‘Between them basins have opened and filled with erosional debris.’
    • ‘The cold, dry conditions produce weathering products similar to those observed on Mars, and waters contained within the closed basins are mostly saline.’
    valley, hollow, gully, gorge, ravine, bed, channel, dip, depression, concavity, trough
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    1. 3.1The tract of country that is drained by a river and its tributaries or drains into a lake or sea.
      before noun ‘the Amazon basin’
      ‘a drainage basin’
      • ‘In addition, there's likely to be heavy snowfall accumulations in the mountains of Colorado and Wyoming that feed that Platte River drainage basins.’
      • ‘The Nile rises far to the south of Egypt, in Ethiopia and in the drainage basin of Lake Victoria.’
      • ‘Filling with water, the basin became a shallow mountain lake; streams ran down into the lake, and plants colonized its shores.’
      • ‘But that's what those marshlands are designed to do, to act as natural water basins, to trap some of this water and protect these areas.’
      • ‘Well, the lagoons are shallow basins of water planted up with aquatic plant species that naturally occur in low-lying wetland areas.’
      • ‘Both species are distributed widely across eastern North America, including the Great Lakes and Ohio River drainage basins.’
      • ‘Over the years, human settlement along the river basin has increased as the population has expanded.’
      • ‘The team was on the 17 April flight to seed clouds in the Walker and Carson river basins south of Lake Tahoe.’
      • ‘Contained within the wetland basin are 264 species of freshwater fish.’
      • ‘Assistance to the Land Forces in defensive and offensive operations in coastal sectors, as well as in areas of lake and river basins adjacent to the front.’
      • ‘The Environment Agency said that two flood basins had been opened this morning to try to avert flooding problems.’
      • ‘In the Amazon basin it is one of the most popular articles of food, a position fully justified by its nutritional qualities.’
      • ‘The drainage basin of Lake Oloidien is hydrologically closed so that water losses are due almost entirely to evaporation.’
      • ‘Water and sediment control basins generally are used where gully erosion is a problem and a grassed waterway cannot be installed or maintained because of large volumes of runoff water.’
      • ‘Other regions of the lake basin have experienced much more extensive sedimentation impacts related to deforestation.’
      • ‘A total of 145 countries have territory in shared river basins, and in the past 50 years 200 treaties have been signed about international water courses.’
      • ‘The area to be irrigated in the basin of the Khabur River, a major tributary of the Euphrates in the Syrian territory, is 137,000 ha.’
      • ‘Then, as heavy spring rains flood the region, these shallow basins fill with water, creating vernal pools.’
      • ‘He proposed connecting the water supply across different river basins, built new canals with many sluices to control the water level, and achieved great success with the improvements which he was able to make.’
      • ‘A lovely feature of the garden is the showing of the River Shannon and its basin and estuary by flowing water, symbolic of peace and tranquillity.’
      cove, inlet, estuary, indentation, natural harbour, gulf, fjord, ria, sound, arm, bight, firth, anchorage
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    2. 3.2An enclosed area of water where vessels can be moored.
      ‘a yacht basin’
      • ‘The second priority is the removal of the old boatyard slipway which, Mr. Farrell said, is a constant threat to vessels using the east basin and should be demolished.’
      • ‘He said a large amount of water would be needed to fill the marina basin and any increase in boat traffic on the canal would take more water.’
      • ‘Some had ventured beyond the yacht basin, but few had gone further than Port of Spain.’
      • ‘Australian business people are looking into building a yacht basin in the town of Nessebar, an Attraction Park in Shabla, a golf course, and a hotel at the Albena resort.’
      • ‘The granite sea wall, which is being constructed on the northern side of the port's main breakwater, will be built to contain basin sediments dredged from the harbour.’
      • ‘During this interval, the sea was restricted to a narrow passage of not more than 100 km wide adjacent to the eastern margin of the basin.’
      • ‘We love Camachee Cove Marina here, with its enclosed basin, two lounges, Internet access, two loaner cars and yacht yard.’
      • ‘As for those six waterfront home sites, three would front the Intracoastal and the other three would be on the marina basin, all with private docks.’
      • ‘After two-and-a-half hours of being stuck, the tide turned, releasing the pressure on the boat and allowing it to be towed by the water rescue unit back to the canal basin.’
      • ‘The scale and topography of the district, with its alternation of finger-like islands and wide dock basins, influenced many aspects of the project.’
      • ‘The marine development proposed by Smith & Son Investments will consist of an ocean marina with a yacht basin.’
      • ‘On Rarotonga, ongoing development work includes a new check in area at the international airport and construction of a harbour basin for small fishing boats.’
      • ‘The basin fills up with colourful narrowboats from far and wide, and the banks are packed out with canalfolk, localfolk and the usual kebabvanfolk who congregate at events such as this.’
      • ‘Stroll the paved waterfront walk along Marine Drive and explore the east and west mooring basins.’
      • ‘The art of sailing is defined, except on the open basins, by the skipper's ability to estimate from the water's surface patterns what the surrounding hills are doing to the wind.’
      • ‘Some of them, indeed, may have spent their formative years bobbing in America's yacht basins.’
      • ‘In addition, the company will market six residential lots, each with a private boat slip, fronting on the Intracoastal and the marina basin.’
      • ‘Best fish of the week, a superb rainbow weighing 7lb 8oz, was taken by Phil Hall from Maidenhead while boat fishing the main basin.’
      • ‘He returned to his boat at the yacht basin and fell into the water after feeling ill as he boarded the boat.’
      • ‘The yacht basin will form the focal point of the development and will comprise berthing for small craft, a timeshare hotel, a yacht club, shops and kiosks.’
    3. 3.3Geology A circumscribed area within which the rock strata dip toward the center.
      • ‘These polygonal basins contain up to 6 km of sediment overlying a salt layer several kilometres thick.’
      • ‘These basins were interpreted to contain thick Old Red Sandstone sediments and to have resulted from the extensional collapse of thickened Caledonian crust.’
      • ‘In other parts of the Selendi and Usak-Gure basins, the group contains only tilted sedimentary units due to the extensional tectonics in the region.’
      • ‘On the margins of the basin the Upper Balder contains a high proportion of tuffs, tuffaceous muds and tuffaceous sands.’
      • ‘An alternative mechanism to open the rift basins is subduction rollback of the Indian plate to the west of Thailand.’


Middle English: from Old French bacin, from medieval Latin bacinus, from bacca water container perhaps of Gaulish origin.