Definition of basidiomycete in US English:



  • A fungus whose spores develop in basidia. Basidiomycetes include the majority of familiar mushrooms and toadstools.

    Phylum Basidiomycota: classes Basidiomycetes (mushrooms, toadstools, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, polypores), Teliomycetes (rusts), and Ustomycetes (smuts)

    Compare with ascomycete
    • ‘Moreover, copia elements, as investigated in this study, are the most rare type of transposable elements in fungi, especially among basidiomycetes.’
    • ‘Both basidiomycetes and ascomycetes developed the ability to digest plant tissues early on.’
    • ‘Fungal pathogens come from two main groups of fungi, the ascomycetes (rusts and smuts) and the basidiomycetes (the higher fungi - mushrooms, toadstools, and bracket fungi).’
    • ‘Most basidiomycete fungi do not undergo nuclear fusion to form diploid nuclei until just prior to meiosis.’
    • ‘In all such analyses, the chytrids were the deepest branch of fungi, followed by zygomycetes and then basidiomycetes and ascomycetes.’


Late 19th century: anglicized singular of modern Latin Basidiomycetes, from basidium (see basidium) + Greek mukētes ‘fungi’.