Definition of baptism in English:



  • 1(in the Christian Church) the religious rite of sprinkling water onto a person's forehead or of immersion in water, symbolizing purification or regeneration and admission to the Christian Church. In many denominations, baptism is performed on young children and is accompanied by name-giving.

    • ‘Many of the rites of passage that young people undergo in Hungary are Christian rituals such as baptism, first communion, confirmation, and marriage.’
    • ‘In Denmark, baptism in the state church had become a matter-of-course rite of citizenship.’
    • ‘My first opportunity for believer's baptism in water by immersion came one month later.’
    • ‘In the early church, baptism immediately made newcomers a part of the whole community.’
    • ‘It was within the community of the parish that ordinary people received Christian teaching and the sacraments of the church; baptism, confirmation, marriage, and burial.’
    • ‘The rite of baptism is the sacramental entry into Christian life, and communion is a memorial of Christ's death and resurrection.’
    • ‘A living Mormon stands in as proxy for a deceased person, as water baptism by immersion is vicariously performed.’
    • ‘One witnesses the fasting and the solemn rite of baptism, preferably, by immersion in flowing water.’
    • ‘The Estonian Evangelical Christians Free Church did not require baptism by immersion as a prerequisite for church membership.’
    • ‘This is an especially appropriate time to begin worship with a remembrance of baptism and a sprinkling rite.’
    • ‘Given that the church was a state church, the view was that one could not make a purely religious act such as baptism a requirement for church membership.’
    • ‘We were discussing the rite of Christian baptism.’
    • ‘One of the distinguishing characteristics of the Native Baptist church is immersion baptism.’
    • ‘He challenges the view of baptism as an admission to membership within the church.’
    • ‘At the opening worship, dancers waved a river of blue fabric through the crowd, symbolizing the waters of baptism.’
    • ‘When water baptism precedes salvation it becomes a religious practice, a ritual without substance.’
    • ‘Living Water is both a joyous and a challenging celebration of baptism and the Christian life.’
    • ‘Significantly, Marcion would admit married persons to baptism in his church only if they took a vow to abstain from all sexual intercourse.’
    • ‘She was also known to mock the holy sacrament of baptism by sprinkling water on her mother's head and reciting the appropriate words.’
    • ‘Only as they shared the name of Jesus Christ in baptism would they find real unity.’
    christening, naming, immersion, sprinkling
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    1. 1.1 A ceremony or occasion at which baptism takes place.
      • ‘Funerals vie with baptisms, as though two sides of the same rite.’
      • ‘Her ordination will allow her to officiate at weddings, baptisms, communions and funerals and is taking place on June 27 at 10 am.’
      • ‘Important occasions like births, baptisms, confirmations, marriages and deaths were carefully recorded in their big black family bibles.’
      • ‘In our baptisms, we put on Christ and Christ lives in us.’
      • ‘The surrounding host-culture religions are used for ceremonies like baptisms or funerals for which the Roma need a formal religious institution.’
      • ‘Private baptisms tended to make baptisms a biological family affair rather than a congregational act.’
      • ‘They wouldn't mind doing sick calls and being with the dying or even doing some marriage preparation, some weddings, some baptisms.’
      • ‘Recently seven baptisms took place and evangelisation of two neighbouring villages is under way.’
      • ‘Members attend ritual events such as baptisms, confirmations, wedding ceremonies, and funerals and major religious events such as Christmas and Easter.’
      • ‘Rites of passage include major Catholic ceremonies such as baptisms, first communion, marriage and funerals.’
      • ‘Herbert calls for all Christians to remember often their baptisms and baptismal vows.’
      • ‘Infant and deathbed baptisms bring new dimensions to understanding the operation of baptism engaging human life to its limits and beyond as evidence of divine grace.’
      • ‘Trinidadians and Tobagonians generally practice two forms of baptism: infant baptisms and adult baptisms.’
      • ‘After all, we acknowledge that we take on Christ in our baptisms.’
      • ‘People want priests to competently carry out funerals, weddings, baptisms.’
      • ‘A revival of cultural traditions includes Christian holidays, days of remembrance, and church weddings, baptisms, and funerals.’
      • ‘Other attractions around the town will include a display at Keighley Shared Church of the town's original register of weddings, baptisms and funerals, and a letter from John Wesley.’
      • ‘It has an effective outreach to adults, and you see many more adult baptisms there than you're likely to find in any Lutheran church in the States or Europe.’
      • ‘Griots entertain at ceremonies such as baptisms and marriages.’
      • ‘All baptisms for January 12 will be held in the Church of St. Laurence O'Toole, Levitstown.’
    2. 1.2 A person's initiation into a particular activity or role, typically one perceived as difficult.
      ‘this event constituted his baptism as a politician’
      • ‘Deora started writing a column in a Mumbai publication in preparation for his political baptism.’
      initiation, debut, introduction, inauguration, launch, beginning, rite of passage
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Middle English: from Old French baptesme, via ecclesiastical Latin from ecclesiastical Greek baptismos ceremonial washing from baptizein immerse, baptize.