Definition of bandora in US English:



  • A bass stringed instrument of the cittern family, having a long neck and a scallop-shaped body.

    • ‘Some of the tunes are lute duets and trios, but most of the music is for a mixed consorta collection of lutes, viols, recorders, and flutes, and wire-strung citterns and bandoras.’
    • ‘Their ancestral knowledge of wood, techniques and music combine to produce guitars, violins or harps, double basses, and bandores.’
    • ‘The 125-member Clef Club orchestra that he conducted at Carnegie Hall that night featured some rather extraordinary instrumentation including 47 mandolins and bandores, and 27 harp-guitars.’
    • ‘One might consider the pictures of the lute and bandora from his manuscript to be likewise somewhat spindly and ‘suspect’ in appearance.’
    • ‘There are many musical instruments that are played every time the epic is recited, such as the flute, and the kumuzi - a kind of bandore made of corean pine.’
    • ‘It will feature a true English consort of flute, violin, viols, cittern, lute, bandore and voices performing music by William Byrd, Thomas Morley, John Dowland and others.’
    • ‘The Baltimore Consort uses a variety of instruments - lute, viol, flute, cittern, early guitar, rebec, recorder, crumhorn and bandore - and vocals of medieval and Renaissance music.’
    • ‘One of the commonest consorts in the Elizabethan period was the combination of treble viol or violin, flute or recorder, bass viol, lute, cittern, and bandora, for which Morley wrote his Consort Lessons in 1599.’
    • ‘Different combinations were tried, but none of them quite matched the richness and complexity of the English Consort with a bandora on the bass.’
    • ‘Today, groups of students travel around the world in the bohemian fashion of their ancestors singing serenades accompanied by mandolins, bandores, tambourines, and guitars.’
    • ‘In its early period the banjo was known by many names including the aforementioned bandore, as well as banjar, bangie, bangoe, banjil, banshaw and banza.’
    • ‘He is also a luthier, having constructed countless lutes, bandoras and citterns for many of Europe's string-pluckers.’
    • ‘Other variations on the cittern are the bandore, a bass instrument.’
    • ‘This is only natural, since many of the kids own a bandore or violin that they've built with their own hands.’
    • ‘The guittern was tuned an octave above the top four courses of a bandora, so bandora players could use it directly.’


Mid 16th century: origin uncertain; compare with Dutch bandoor, Spanish bandurria, also with banjo; probably based on Greek pandoura ‘three-stringed lute’.