Definition of banana in English:

banana

noun

  • 1A long curved fruit which grows in clusters and has soft pulpy flesh and yellow skin when ripe.

    • ‘Oranges, apples, and bananas comprise half the fruit consumed.’
    • ‘The main goods produced for sale are agricultural products such as corn, sweet potatoes, bananas, and citrus fruit.’
    • ‘Her eyes widened when she saw the bright orange pumpkins, the ripe yellow bananas, silks with colors that she had never before seen.’
    • ‘Towers started a fruit farm, growing bananas and avocados.’
    • ‘There were two large, pastel yellow clusters of bananas on the counter.’
    • ‘Choose low-fiber foods such as ground meats, ripe bananas, soft cereals or refined bread.’
    • ‘Apologies to Marcia for not bringing the agreed birthday present of a bunch of overly ripe bananas.’
    • ‘The procedure should make artificial chemical ripening less necessary for apples, bananas and most stone fruits now treated with ethylene.’
    • ‘Rice, bananas, and citrus fruits replaced the traditional crops of sugar, coffee, and cocoa.’
    • ‘You will feel the warmth of the sunshine, the smell of the salty sea, blending and mixing with the fragrance of flowers and the essence of bananas and ripe fruit.’
    • ‘Now I have a pint of hot water with a touch of lemon, then two pieces of fruit like a banana and apple.’
    • ‘For fresh fruit, bananas, apples and pears will be high on the list of priorities, but consider chopping up fresh mango, papaya or peaches into a small pot.’
    • ‘The favorite fresh fruits of Canadians are bananas and apples.’
    • ‘Carpeted by rich volcanic ash, the region's moist and misty vales cradle Panama's coffee industry and also produce some of the country's finest citrus fruits and bananas.’
    • ‘You may also eat one or two pieces of fruit, such as bananas, cantaloupe or pears.’
    • ‘They also love ripe melons and bananas and grapes.’
    • ‘There is a vast range of specific color truths: ripe bananas are yellow; certain sunsets are golden; claret wine is claret red and so on.’
    • ‘You might also want to mix in some slices of ripe bananas or the fruit of an avocado for a better deep conditioning treatment.’
    • ‘Farmers grow corn, cassava, peanuts, bananas, and citrus fruits for their own consumption.’
    • ‘He said when students are finished eating apples or bananas in the school they bring the cores and skins to the composter.’
    severely mentally ill, mentally ill, insane, mad, certifiable, deranged, demented, of unsound mind, out of one's mind, not in one's right mind, not together, crazed, maniac, maniacal, lunatic, unbalanced, unhinged, unstable, disturbed, distracted, stark mad, manic, frenzied, raving, distraught, frantic, hysterical, delirious, mad as a hatter, mad as a march hare
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  • 2The tropical and subtropical treelike plant that bears this fruit. It has very large leaves and resembles a palm, but lacks a woody trunk.

    • ‘The effigy is usually a banana tree trunk dressed up in expensive clothes and made to look like a real human figure wearing a hat or crown, though the face is covered with cloth.’
    • ‘For some reason the Spaniards saw a likeness between the banana tree and the totally different plane tree, which is how the plantain got its confusing name.’
    • ‘As it is we only lost a banana tree, a few shrubs and a section of the fence.’
    • ‘In the cemetery complex, a banana tree stands, but it is not an ordinary banana tree.’
    • ‘The dough is wrapped in the broad leaf of the banana plant, which is singed in boiling water and allowed to steam until cooked.’
    • ‘I heard of one gardener in North Carolina who protected his banana plant in his front yard by surrounding the plant with bags and bags of leaves.’
    • ‘The whole scene takes place beneath the boughs of a pine tree, the trunk of which, along with a garden rock and a banana tree, fills the left half of the composition.’
    • ‘Konglang taught the crew to cook rice in a length of bamboo and how to hollow out the core of a banana tree for fresh water.’
    • ‘A few years ago the former policewoman, who once lived in Arizona, US, planted a banana plant in a pot.’
    • ‘Pinzote, the stalk of the banana tree, was once dumped into Costa Rican rivers, but is now made into smooth, faintly speckled paper.’
    • ‘I've read on one website that in the Stone Age, magic properties were concealed in the leaves of a banana tree.’
    • ‘I take one plant that has a really good, striking form and then design around it, such as my banana tree.’
    • ‘The ceremony included the setting up of a very colourful tree - resembling a banana tree, which had a number of colourful dolls hanging from the leaves.’
    • ‘A banana plant in our back yard has produced green fruit about 7 inches long.’
    • ‘Here, people cultivate the ensete plant, which looks like a banana tree, but its trunk pulp is prepared and eaten.’
    • ‘Vivienne's smile turned wistful and she turned to snap a picture of sunlight filtering through the leaves of a banana tree.’
    • ‘The banana plant is actually a giant weed of the tropical jungle that grows with incredible speed.’
    • ‘He would cut the leaves off the banana tree and place them on the ground.’
    • ‘At the side of the house I had a pomegranate tree that bore more than thirty fruit every season and a banana tree that never produced a thing.’
    • ‘Leaves of the drumstick plant and the core stump of the banana plant, which are available locally, are a rich source of nutrients and fibres.’

adjective

bananas
informal
  • Insane or extremely silly.

    ‘he's beginning to think I'm bananas’
    • ‘We did check out the summer jam that happened out there, which is free to the city, so that was bananas.’
    • ‘The whole thing is bananas but I didn't attempt to clear my name as that would have meant staying on for several months more.’
    • ‘The place was bananas, whipping between techno, '90s dance, booty, drum & bass and of course Joe Jackson, while Luv continued to show how versatile he can be with a hard thumping acid jump-off.’

Phrases

  • go (or be) bananas

    • 1informal Go insane.

      ‘Roy's customers think the council has gone bananas’
      • ‘This is a case of political correctness gone bananas and I have appealed against the committee's decision.’
      • ‘Have they all gone bananas at the Banana Warehouse in Piccadilly, York?’
      • ‘A Burnley headteacher has gone bananas and accused the Government of letting down needy children by leaving them out of a scheme to provide pupils with free fruit.’
      • ‘And back in his old stomping grounds of Graz the politicians went bananas.’
      • ‘My parents thought I'd gone bananas and were on the point of taking me to a psychiatrist.’
      1. 1.1Rave; cheer wildly.
        ‘I have never had a product that people went so bananas over’
        • ‘Even under normal circumstances, badgers are famously good excavators, but at Stonehenge, where the ground is a happy mix of chalk and soft earth, they've gone bananas.’
        • ‘And in the meantime, Chuck is going bananas, his tail wagging like a crazed propeller, his face the most precious combination of anticipation and curiosity.’
        • ‘There were terrific audiences - they just went bananas.’
        • ‘Sure, we all said, and went bananas destroying documents which had been sitting on our desks for months, but which were probably quite important in hindsight.’
        • ‘The show was a wet one, but that didn't stop thousands of people from showing up and going bananas.’
      2. 1.2Become extremely angry or excited.
        ‘she went bananas when I said I was going to leave the job’
        • ‘The Polynesian grappler immediately went bananas and came after me, but I slipped into the locker room, shut the door, and locked it.’
        • ‘And remember how the sophisticated world media went bananas over the Californian gubernatorial election circus?’
        • ‘A woman standing on the bank was going bananas and screaming.’
        • ‘I never really got close to executing the plan because the market was pretty much going bananas over the low mortgage rates.’
        • ‘Sections of the farming community are going bananas about quarantine today.’
  • top banana

    • informal The most important person in an organization or activity.

      • ‘TJ, the top banana of the organisation, the big cheese if you like, will be hosting an open day.’
      • ‘We are apples and oranges who need to knock the top banana off of his pedestal.’
      • ‘The all-time top banana of videogame movies will no doubt be Halo (DVDs).’
      • ‘Before the day runs out, Hugh - the top banana in the free-agent fruit basket, according to many - will have received the first in a host of serious sales pitches for his services.’
      • ‘And Harry Reasoner's going to be the top banana, but he's too nice a guy.’
      • ‘We're going to be looking at the top banana, the big kahuna, the cream of the crop.’
      • ‘From top banana to bit player - hey, work's work.’
      • ‘She will be top banana for the new entity, assuming CEO and Chairman duties.’
      • ‘Fingers are being pointed at the top banana in the Tory campaign, who is an Aussie.’
      • ‘You have to ask if his joining the English national squad where he played one indifferent game in South Africa has given him the same pleasure he got from being top banana back home.’
      • ‘The company is now chaired by the former top banana at Asda, the supermarket chain now controlled by Wal-Mart.’
      • ‘You so want to be top banana right now you're a bit driven, Majesties.’
      • ‘I had done films with Sony and I know Howard Stringer who is now top banana.’
      • ‘The current top banana at Westminster was Porter's golden-boy back in the 80s at the start of his political career.’
      • ‘Impressively, if royalty impresses you, it bore the ER royal crest and contained the top banana's first invitation to Buckingham Palace for a press briefing on the impending Golden Jubilee celebrations.’
  • second banana

    • informal The second most important person in an organization or activity.

      • ‘I have to say that I did my best as second banana during the Elsinore affair.’
      • ‘I continued to hone my second banana routine that started in high school and has served me faithfully ever since.’
      • ‘This longtime second banana is finally a leader for the improving Thrashers.’
      • ‘Perry, as far as films goes, is a born second banana.’
      • ‘She's far better at a lead role like this than as a second banana, and that's probably the key to why So Close is such a good film.’
      • ‘Do you miss the media referring to you as ‘a second banana with appeal’?’
      • ‘But once she starts working in Los Angeles, she may become the movies’ or TV's next great second banana.’
      • ‘From now on he accompanied his new lord through numerous adventures and battles as the faithful vassal and second banana.’
      • ‘He also had a daytime series in the style of Dave Garroway, for whom he once worked as second banana and comedy relief.’
      • ‘Gira's originals play second banana, occupying the record's back third.’
      • ‘It's real easy for a second banana, as he was with Gleason, to get typed at that level and in those kinds of roles, but Carney made it out.’
      • ‘His statistics as a second banana indicate that he may regain the No.1 throne someday soon.’
      • ‘Here we have Enon, the band of guitarist/vocalist/keyboardist John Schmersal, former second banana in a little outfit called Brainiac.’
      • ‘There's a huge difference in being a second banana all your career and in being the No.1 option having to adapt to a secondary role.’
      • ‘Can the second banana deliver a rousing partisan stump speech guaranteed to excite the party faithful?’
      • ‘Now he'll be the second banana on a team that won't be nearly as good.’
      • ‘They are the stars, and they're going to talk with SHOWBIZ TONIGHT about their breakout roles and what it's like to play second banana to a great ape.’
      • ‘In the De Niro flick, his second banana is Edward Burns, a serious young actor with a fairly good track record, but very little audience recognition.’
      celebrity, famous person, very important person, personality, name, big name, famous name, household name, star, superstar, celebutante, leading light, mogul, giant, great, master, king, guru
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Origin

Late 16th century: via Portuguese or Spanish from Mande.

Pronunciation

banana

/bəˈnanə//bəˈnænə/