Definition of backgammon in English:



  • 1A board game in which two players move their pieces around twenty-four triangular points according to the throw of dice, the winner being the first to remove all their pieces from the board.

    • ‘If it rained, we sat around playing backgammon and Trivial Pursuit and trying to kill time.’
    • ‘Compare backgammon, where first moves for each possible opening dice roll are well-analysed, but there is virtually no opening theory after that.’
    • ‘Early research shows that mobile online gaming with real opponents has proven popular in trials, particularly among chess and backgammon players.’
    • ‘The dozen or so high-profile inmates are allowed to exercise together and play chess, poker, backgammon and dominoes.’
    • ‘For instance, the rules of backgammon state what to do with cocked dice, premature plays and set-up errors.’
    • ‘The whole family took part in draughts, backgammon, and cards (which had been produced in Europe from medieval times).’
    • ‘Something smashed through the room, sending backgammon pieces through the air.’
    • ‘Even games of strategy may mix in elements of luck, as in backgammon, to keep the results unpredictable and sharpen players' adaptive abilities.’
    • ‘Sculptors and carvers fashion teakwood goblets, cigar and jewelry boxes, and board games such as dominoes and backgammon.’
    • ‘They smoke water-pipes, talk, and sometimes play a favorite board game - a Turkish form of backgammon.’
    • ‘The aim of the game, as in modern backgammon, is to move all your pieces to your ‘home ground’ and then off the board before your opponent can do so with theirs.’
    • ‘I'm still playing backgammon for money; I'm still writing and, more alarmingly, I've rediscovered boardgames.’
    • ‘Also included are checkers and backgammon boards and pieces.’
    • ‘They often sit at tea houses and cafes and play backgammon or dominoes.’
    • ‘Chess especially was highly favoured and backgammon was second in popularity.’
    • ‘‘I loathe crosswords with a passion, and don't play chess or backgammon,’ says Paul.’
    • ‘He picked up an elaborately patterned backgammon board in Damascus and a Rajasthani oil light that would originally have been used for hunting.’
    • ‘‘Well, the evening began at the gentleman's club, where we were discussing Wittgenstein over a game of backgammon.’’
    • ‘In most town squares, you will see backgammon boards.’
    • ‘If you like games that combine a lot of skill with a lot of chance, go to the toy store and pick yourself up a backgammon board.’
    1. 1.1The most complete form of win in the game of backgammon.
      • ‘For instance, in certain winning positions called gammon and backgammon, the stake is doubled or trebled, respectively.’
      • ‘Although backgammons are fairly unusual, gammons are not and are a significant factor in most doubling decisions.’


Mid 17th century: from back + gammon.