Definition of Babylonian in English:

Babylonian

noun

  • 1An inhabitant of Babylon or Babylonia.

    • ‘Sumerians and Babylonians employed a sexagesimal number system.’
    • ‘The belief in immortality, a belief not to be found in Moses, gradually began to be accepted by the Jews after their bondage by the Egyptians and Babylonians.’
    • ‘The literature of the Assyrians, Babylonians and Sumerians mentions the dog in rapturous phrases.’
    • ‘After defeating the Babylonians, Cyrus freed the Jews they had enslaved and rebuilt the first temple in Judah.’
    • ‘Civilizations like the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians thrived within the nation's borders.’
    • ‘These groups included the Babylonians, Assyrians, Chaldeans, Persians, Greeks, and Romans.’
    • ‘For the Jews this was Yahweh; for the Babylonians, Marduk.’
    • ‘In 538 BC Persian emperor Cyrus defeated the Babylonians and Jews were allowed to return to Jerusalem.’
    • ‘How much did it owe to Islam and how much to the earlier heritage of Babylonians, Assyrians and Egyptians.’
    • ‘Anyone who has studied ancient history at high school can recall the Sumerians, the Assyrians and the Babylonians, and the mighty Tigris and Euphrates rivers.’
    • ‘Dwarfed by the great empires of the Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians and Egyptians, were the Hebrews.’
    • ‘The Babylonians had three classes according to the code.’
    • ‘Ancient Egyptians, Sumerians and Babylonians have also been hailed as the originators of palm-reading.’
    • ‘The later Babylonians, Arameans and Assyrians all assimilated the culture initially prepared by the Sumerians.’
    • ‘The area later changed hands among Assyrians, Babylonians, and Greeks.’
    • ‘The city fell to the Babylonians in c. 587 BC and was extensively destroyed.’
    • ‘The ancient Assyrians, Babylonians, Egyptians and Jews endowed this remarkable plant with holy virtues.’
    • ‘I shall not dwell on ancient history, on the conquests of that part of the world by the Assyrians, the Babylonians, the Persians, the Arabs, the Crusaders.’
    • ‘In 426 he attacked the Babylonians of Aristophanes as a slander on the state.’
    • ‘The Babylonians made pottery, terra-cotta sculptures, and writing surfaces with the clay they had.’
  • 2The dialect of Akkadian spoken in ancient Babylon.

    • ‘Thus it is much closer to other Northwest Semitic languages such as Hebrew or Phoenician, than to languages outside that group, such as Arabic or Babylonian.’
    • ‘THe point of Babylonian is that few written records of it exist, and it has complete died out as a language, which is strange considering that it was the biggest empire around at the time.’
    • ‘My mother tells me she met a Norwegian archeologist born in Wakefield who speaks ancient Babylonian and has been thrown off digs in Iran and the Gaza Strip.’
    • ‘In 1844, Rawlinson scaled the almost sheer cliffs of Bisitun, in Persia, copying relief sculptures and their accompanying cuneiform inscriptions in Old Persian, Elamite and Babylonian.’

adjective

  • Relating to Babylon or Babylonia.

    • ‘The Hebrew Bible also describes nonviolent resistance to Babylonian and Persian power.’
    • ‘The people in the Babylonian society were ranked and treated according to the Hammurabi's Code.’
    • ‘Iraq, situated in the Fertile Crescent of the ancient Babylonian emperors, was a country, populous and wealthy, but torn by ethnic and religious divisions.’
    • ‘The early civilizations of Mesopotamia included the Sumerian, Assyrian, and Babylonian empires.’
    • ‘In the Old Testament, prophets regularly warned God's People against bowing down to the graven images of Baal that so entranced their Phoenician and Babylonian neighbors.’
    • ‘When Babylonian storytellers told of Gilgamesh, when Homer sang of Odysseus, when Vergil wrote of Aeneas, they were speaking about their first times.’
    • ‘Why has Indian civilisation survived over the years, instead of going the way of the Greek, Roman, Egyptian, Mesopotamian and Babylonian civilisations?’
    • ‘Turkish mountain dogs were bred and recorded in Babylonian times as protectors.’
    • ‘The palace was never rebuilt after its destruction at the hands of the Babylonian ruler Hammurabi in c. 1759 bc.’
    • ‘The cube-shaped vessel in the Babylonian account of Gilgamesh would be a ridiculously unstable boat that would roll all over the place.’
    • ‘The classic example is the Babylonian epic of Gilgamesh, but there are flood stories among the ancient Greeks, Romans, Chinese and even the Irish.’
    • ‘A Babylonian pillar belonging to Hammurabi's reign has medical rules inscribed on it.’
    • ‘The opera that first made him famous, Nabucco, used the Old Testament story of Jews taken captive by the Babylonian king, Nebuchadnezzar.’
    • ‘Very crudely speaking, these two artefacts bookend the period of Babylonian supremacy in Mesopotamia.’
    • ‘Go south to Sumerian and Babylonian sites, Sippar, Babylon, Kish, Borsippar, Nippur, Uruk, Ur, Eridu.’
    • ‘Hammurabi the Babylonian law-giver was portrayed with horns on a stele, and so forth.’
    • ‘Before there were Greek, Roman, and British colonies, there was a Babylonian colony in Assyria.’
    • ‘Gilgamesh, hero of Babylonian mythology, went on a journey to find Utnapishtin, who had survived the flood.’
    • ‘In Babylonian myth, Marduk slaughters the serpent Tiamat and makes the sky and the earth from her divided body.’
    • ‘Among the Jewish communities sampled, North Africans (Moroccans, etc.) were most closely related to Babylonian Jews.’

Pronunciation:

Babylonian

/ˌbabəˈlōnēən/