Definition of baboon in English:



  • 1A large Old World ground-dwelling monkey with a long doglike snout, large teeth, and naked callosities on the buttocks. Baboons are social animals and live in troops.

    • ‘Much of the supposed behaviour of Lucy and her companions is clearly modelled on baboons - yet baboons are monkeys and not apes at all.’
    • ‘Before trials are approved for humans, the experiments first have to be done on species closest to us, monkeys, baboons and apes.’
    • ‘In terms of wildlife, you find elephant, buffalo, hippos, baboons, chimpanzees and over 600 species of birds.’
    • ‘It's well known among primatologists that the number of males within a group of, say, baboons, chimpanzees, or lemurs is related to the number of females.’
    • ‘In this park of 137 sq km area, you will see baboon, colobus and vervet monkeys, duikers, elephant, buffalo, giraffe, hippo, leopard, hyena, zebra and a wide range of antelopes.’
    • ‘A free-ranging vervet monkey, baboon, or macaque recognizes other members of his group as individuals.’
    • ‘Warthog, bushpig, baboon, velvet monkey and many small mammals are also in good numbers.’
    • ‘They included baboons, chimpanzees, and macaques - all known to live in large, mixed-sex groups.’
    • ‘Such pets weren't limited to dogs and cats but included baboons, monkeys, and gazelles.’
    • ‘Apart from those already mentioned there are zebras, camels, baboons, lemurs, sea lions, humboldt penguins, tapirs and meerkats.’
    • ‘Currently we've got warthogs, monkeys, a baboon, small antelopes, a scrub hare and an Egyptian goose.’
    • ‘Sometimes it's as interesting to study primate researchers as it is to study the apes, baboons, and monkeys.’
    • ‘Humans and gorillas are sister taxa and are more closely related to one another than either is to chimpanzees or baboons.’
    • ‘They have to contend with elephants, hippos, bushpigs, porcupines, vervet monkeys, baboons and birds which are after their crops.’
    • ‘Three species of baboons and several large leaf monkeys are recognized.’
    • ‘By contrast, many Old World monkeys, such as baboons and macaques, live longer, start to reproduce later, and have more time between babies.’
    • ‘Another puzzling aspect of the spotted hyena's social structure is that it closely resembles that of the socially complex old-world monkeys, a group including baboons and macaques.’
    • ‘They were thought to work as did their chemical counterparts excreted by monkeys, baboons and chimpanzees.’
    • ‘Genetic tests indicate that the viruses came from chimpanzees, baboons, and an African green monkey.’
    • ‘The crater is home to elephant, buffalo, baboon, reedbuck, colobus monkeys, leopard and duikers.’
    1. 1.1An ugly or uncouth person.
      • ‘It would seem that even they must know of the knuckle-dragging, race-baiting reactionary baboons.’
      • ‘I guess we know why he acts like such a baboon when he gets loose in public.’
      • ‘This is what happened to Benjamin, my bozo of a baboon, who during his brief ascendancy became a jerk.’
      lout, boor, barbarian, neanderthal, churl, clown, gawk, hulk, bumpkin, yokel
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Middle English (denoting a grotesque figure used in architecture): from Old French babuin or medieval Latin babewynus, perhaps from Old French baboue muzzle, grimace.