Definition of Babism in US English:



  • A religion founded in 1844 by the Persian Mirza Ali Muhammad of Shiraz (1819–50) (popularly known as “the Bab”), who taught that a new prophet would follow Muhammad.

    See also Baha'i
    • ‘The founder of Babism was Mirza Ali Muhammad, a merchant of Shiraz, born about the year 1842 according to Count Gobineau and in the year 1819 according to the writings of the sect itself.’
    • ‘The Bab's higher claims therefore changed Babism from a sect within Shi'a Islam into a revolutionary movement that implicitly challenged the authority of both the state and the ulama.’
    • ‘The early seeds of the Babism were planted in the Islamic countries by the British Colonialists.’
    • ‘The involvement of the ethnic Kurds in Babism was relatively strong.’
    • ‘He was attracted to Babism as a movement, not as a religion that much.’
    • ‘The Bab said that a greater manifestation would appear 19 years after the founding of Babism.’
    • ‘You must conquer the cities and the people for Babism and don't be at peace with those who reject Babism.’
    • ‘The roots of the Baha'i faith go back to a nineteenth-century religion called ‘Babism.’’
    • ‘His attempt to preserve traditional Babism proved largely unpopular, however, and his followers were soon in the minority.’
    • ‘Dr. Soergel suggested putting Theosophy, Sufism and Babism close to Islam to infer their connection through proximity, but not to put them as subsets of Islam because that might be disputed by some.’


Mid 19th century: via Persian from Arabic bāb ‘intermediary’, literally ‘gate’ (taken as a name by the founder) + -ism.