Definition of auxotroph in English:

auxotroph

Pronunciation /-ˌtrōf//ˈôksəˌträf/

noun

Biology
  • A mutant organism (typically a bacterium or fungus) that requires a particular additional nutrient that the normal strain does not.

    • ‘Both of these mutants seem to be thiamin auxotrophs because they appeared normal when grown on media supplemented with 0.1 mM thiamin.’
    • ‘Previous experiments had indicated that leu2 auxotrophs had no selective advantage in rich medium.’
    • ‘While the purpose of early mutant isolations was mostly focused on the identification of auxotrophs, many of these early strains have been subjected to heavy mutagenesis.’
    • ‘These mutations result in plants that are stunted, have dark green leaves and show defects in flower development and timing of flowering, but unlike GA auxotrophs these mutants are not rescued by GA application.’
    • ‘However, we observed that a fraction of survivors become uracil auxotrophs, because of repair events associated with more complex chromosomal rearrangements.’

Origin

1950s: from Latin auxilium help + Greek trophos feeder.

Pronunciation

auxotroph

/-ˌtrōf//ˈôksəˌträf/