Definition of autosome in English:

autosome

noun

Biology
  • Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.

    • ‘The chromosomal complement of each cell is divided into the autosomes and the sex chromosomes.’
    • ‘The fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster has two sex chromosomes and three autosomes.’
    • ‘The results are attributed to introgression with a higher rate for autosomes than for sex chromosomes.’
    • ‘Next we asked whether sex chromosomes and autosomes contribute equally to the patterns of inheritance.’
    • ‘The sex chromosomes and autosomes spend different times in the germ line of the two sexes.’

Pronunciation:

autosome

/ˈôdəˌsōm/