Definition of association in English:

association

noun

  • 1(often in names) a group of people organized for a joint purpose.

    ‘the National Association of Broadcasters’
    • ‘It may be obtained through trade journals, business associations, academic institutions and vocational groups.’
    • ‘The militaristic name of the association was chosen to suggest its aggressive, progressive spirit.’
    • ‘With that in mind, corporations, associations, and government agencies clearly have a vested interest in working together to overcome this challenge.’
    • ‘This includes cooperatives and related state and national co-op associations, educational institutions and federal programs.’
    • ‘Religious groups, political parties, ethnic associations, trade unions and student bodies were represented.’
    • ‘Institutions will face crippling fines of $100 per student if they collect levies or charges that in any way finance student unions, associations, clubs or services.’
    • ‘The association's social committee organises twice yearly quiz nights, an annual coach outing, and a free Christmas party every year for the children of members.’
    • ‘She believes there must be some unscrupulous people using the association's name to get money.’
    • ‘Although the college's board of governors may still veto the association's name, they are unlikely to overrule the students.’
    • ‘Article 130 provides that ministers cannot form associations for political purposes or rally in favor of or against any candidate, political party or association.’
    • ‘The visit concluded with a joint committee of both associations on Sunday morning.’
    • ‘The No Name Club is a national association for young people which promotes a lifestyle where alcohol and drugs are unnecessary.’
    • ‘Few in democratic societies dispute the right of citizens to come together in peaceful associations to pursue common purposes.’
    • ‘The same is true with the name of the association.’
    • ‘Civil society associations like churches, service clubs, sporting clubs and arts groups are the most likely settings for these relationships.’
    • ‘We students all realize the charitable service the association performs for us.’
    • ‘Most of the students were completely unaware of the debate surrounding the name of the association until publication of your article.’
    • ‘The competition is open to everyone, individuals, clubs, associations, companies and business people.’
    • ‘We must stop hiding in our little comfort zones such as political parties, service clubs, associations and other groupings.’
    • ‘When they begin to work with other individuals, schools, associations, businesses, and government service providers, there is no limit to what they can accomplish.’
    alliance, consortium, coalition, union, league, guild, syndicate, corporation, federation, confederation, confederacy, conglomerate, cooperative, partnership, amalgamation, merger
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    1. 1.1Ecology A plant community defined by a characteristic group of dominant plant species.
      • ‘The Park Service planted roadside plant associations along a gradient so taller growth remained closer to the forest.’
      • ‘Although a number of species are found in all five associations, a given species is dominant in only one or two.’
      • ‘Each of these habitat types has its own association of species.’
      • ‘The hypothesis of this study was that variation in observed plant associations were correlated with variations in soil properties.’
      • ‘The amount or kind of landscape disturbance appears to be a major factor determining the distribution of three woodland plant associations.’
  • 2A connection or cooperative link between people or organizations.

    ‘he developed a close association with the university’
    ‘the program was promoted in association with the Department of Music’
    • ‘A guiding principle of any free society is voluntary association.’
    • ‘In association with the Environmental Section of Limerick County Council we will be organising a parish clean-up shortly.’
    • ‘The council is organising similar events in association with residents' associations, at estates around the town.’
    • ‘In association with South West Mayo Leader Co., the Mayo Citizens Information Centre has now established a Pilot Rural Outreach Service in Newport.’
    • ‘In association with his friend he is also thinking of opening a film information centre for movie buffs.’
    • ‘In association with BBC Education, BBC Local Radio has devised a competition for nine and ten year olds.’
    • ‘These are people who are, obviously, acquiring their most popular and useful apparel items through a promotional connection to their company or association.’
    • ‘In association with the AIB GAA Club Championships, AIB locally ran an art competition to coincide with Mount Sion's success in the competition.’
    • ‘In association with Talkback, viewers are challenged to write a poem of no more than fourteen lines on the theme of first love.’
    • ‘Other than that, there is no association between the two companies.’
    • ‘Mayor Collins recalled that the history of the associations between Ireland and France went back 200 years.’
    • ‘Planning has started, with steering committees being set up in each state in association with other professional and industry associations.’
    • ‘Fondly recalling their association with Cooper, many of the exhibitors said that her love for dogs was ‘amazing’ and she had a mature eye for them.’
    • ‘In association with the industry and Enterprise Ireland, he had commissioned a study of the dairy processing sector.’
    • ‘In association with Avinashilingam University, it conducted a seminar on ‘Legal awareness and prime steps’ for the college students recently.’
    • ‘A seminar, sponsored by Ballinrobe Credit Union, in association with AWARE, was held recently in Ballinrobe Community School.’
    • ‘In association with Bagenalstown Floral Festival, the group is hoping to exhibit the work of Carlow artists in all media, known and unknown.’
    • ‘In association with the Midland Health Board they are currently running a new day care service for people with dementia.’
    • ‘In association with the Bertie Bowl project, the new government has also pledged to build extra facilities, both locally and nationally, which will serve the needs of sporting bodies.’
    • ‘Harriman's early railroad involvement led to an association with Stuyvesant Fish and then to affiliation with the Illinois Central.’
    relationship, relation, interrelation, connection, interconnection, link, bond, tie, attachment, interdependence, union
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    1. 2.1 The action or state of becoming a member of an organization with subordinate status.
      as modifier ‘Slovenia signed association agreements with the European Union’
      • ‘Membership is up, we had a banner year for scholarship and research donations, and more active participation from association members has been realized.’
      • ‘It is asking fellow supporters to join association members for the lobby, which will take place in Westminster Hall between noon and 3pm.’
      • ‘The punitive measures were designed to give customers confidence that association members were certain to be upstanding businessmen.’
      • ‘An association member is designing the huts and construction will be undertaken by groups of families.’
      • ‘The demand is so heavy that association members are advising the public to start planning as early as August for reservations for next Christmas.’
      • ‘The trade show is free for those in the industry, with special offers available for association members.’
      • ‘Close interaction with those in tinsel town has helped several association members secure jobs.’
      • ‘To keep Ukrainian traditions alive, some association members have organised courses of Ukrainian embroidery and Easter egg painting for the younger generation.’
      • ‘Campaigns under the leadership of public health workers and residential association members will help create awareness among public about the importance of safe disposal of garbage.’
      • ‘In the end, association members have learned a valuable - though tough - lesson in how it does business.’
      • ‘His primary responsibility is representing association members in price negotiation and marketing of their production.’
      • ‘But last month it was revealed that more than 40 association members had signed a petition calling for her deselection.’
      • ‘The plates of the guests were never less than half-full and yet association members were concerned that people did not have enough to eat.’
      • ‘The association members say the idea is to bring the ‘rich, cultural heritage of Bengal to Bangalore.’’
      • ‘The delegates, representing 38,000 association members, debated several other resolutions throughout the weekend meeting.’
      • ‘A committee of association members will meet to consider the length of the ban, which will come into effect immediately.’
      • ‘According to a survey of 150 association members, regular maintenance has not been done for nearly 20 years in some areas.’
      • ‘The association reacted to the strike by locking out workers at 14 other association member hotels.’
      • ‘You rightly state club members feel betrayed by the association's plans to sell the building but association members should feel aggrieved as well.’
      • ‘The film is due to be previewed to those involved in its production, and association members, before being shown to townspeople and released to travel operators and film and television companies.’
    2. 2.2Chemistry The linking of molecules through hydrogen bonding or other interaction short of full bond formation.
      • ‘Such structures appear to promote tight water association through internal hydrogen bonding.’
      • ‘The close association allows these molecules to interact through opposing charged groups.’
      • ‘The cross-linking studies reveal an absence of higher soluble molecular weight peptide-peptide associations for the S22W peptide.’
      • ‘In interactions with proteins and lipids, sucrose replaces water associations in the molecules and maintains structural integrity.’
      • ‘These phenomena ultimately depend on the molecular association and dissociation rate constants.’
  • 3usually associationsA mental connection between ideas or things.

    ‘the word bureaucracy has unpleasant associations’
    • ‘Although associations between power and sex may be related to sexual aggression, other elements must come into play in order for the power-sex-aggression linkage to develop.’
    • ‘The music will also explore the associations between the church and the neighbouring Abbey, which was founded by Richard, Earl of Cornwall in the 13 th century.’
    • ‘Of course, by virtue of association, your friend's shameless ogling makes you look just as desperate, most likely to the very people you might otherwise have had a shot with.’
    • ‘This kind of temporal association presents a special challenge to older adults.’
    • ‘Well, this scent is not a smell that is detected with the nose; it is an information scent, based on our mental associations between concepts.’
    • ‘It's a good idea to make mental associations between their appearance and their name.’
    • ‘The strongest independent associations between current reduced health and past data were for physical symptoms and neuroticism.’
    • ‘The ensuing relationship was one of several associations between Zanzibar filmmakers and Warhol's factory scene.’
    • ‘Such information would have helped viewers make more meaningful associations between what has been videoed and what has not.’
    • ‘Viewing his own father as a top role model, McGraw recognizes the value of such generational experience in managing companies with strong family association.’
    • ‘The focus was loose enough to allow a free flow of associations between parts of the exhibition, yet tight enough to communicate the underlying concepts.’
    • ‘As outlined in the introduction, postcards showing air travel-related subjects attempt to raise positive associations between the onlooker and the airlines.’
    • ‘Though it may be coincidence, there are questionable associations between her supposed purity and her very fair skin.’
    1. 3.1 The action of making a mental connection.
      ‘the association of alchemy with “hieroglyphics” and “cabala.”’
    2. 3.2 The fact of occurring with something else; co-occurrence.
      ‘cases of cancer found in association with colitis’
      • ‘We performed correlational analyses to assess associations between independent and dependent variables for males and females separately.’
      • ‘We observed substantial associations between the amount of sexual content viewed by adolescents and advances in their sexual behavior during the subsequent year.’
      • ‘The science of epidemiology has emerged in part through the recognition of associations between environmental factors and the development of diseases.’
      • ‘There was no association between the presence of a BCG scar and the prevalence of a positive TST reaction for either cutoff point.’
      • ‘In those individuals we should expect to see more robust associations between specific neural events and reports of their mental experiences than we would see in individuals who are untrained.’
      • ‘Due to strong population structure, both for indel genotypes and FT, all associations between genotype and FT were tested within populations.’
      • ‘We should not be surprised at this: after all, quantitative research teaches us that it is rarely the case that we find perfect associations between variables.’
      • ‘Although the researchers admitted that lifestyle could have played a part in the findings, the results add to a number of recent studies that suggest associations between nutrition and lung health.’
      • ‘The book highlights useful association of HPC and presence of coliform count in drinking water and indepth analysis of the two tests.’
      • ‘Within the chronic pain group there was no association between the presence of neuroglobin and clinical factors such as age, extent or duration of pain, or tenderness to pressure.’
      • ‘Others will refuse to go back to school and will be unable to handle the mental associations between school and death.’
      • ‘Correlational data for the entire sample indicated some significant associations between sick leave usage and predictive variables.’
      • ‘The presence of this association at low latitudes has received no attention.’
      • ‘Correlations revealed moderate to strong associations between ratings of the same individual on the same behavior across interaction tasks with the same partner.’
      • ‘As a second step, one must demonstrate the presence of association between menstrual shame and body shame.’
      • ‘Table 3 shows bivariate associations between each domain of discrimination and the mental and physical outcomes.’
      • ‘Many studies have reported associations between mental health and the risk of HIV infection.’
      • ‘The present statistic assesses this association between QTL and trait sets for the whole data set.’
      • ‘In the present study, no association was found between the use of extracellular preservation fluid and early gas exchange.’
      • ‘Modern indexing software learns associations between individual words, by tracking the frequency with which words appear near each other.’

Origin

Mid 16th century (in the sense ‘uniting in a common purpose’): from medieval Latin associatio(n-), from Latin associare ‘to unite, ally’ (see associate).

Pronunciation