Definition of assay in English:

assay

Pronunciation: /ˈaˌsā//aˈsā/

noun

  • 1The testing of a metal or ore to determine its ingredients and quality.

    ‘submission of plate for assay’
    evaluation, assessment, analysis, examination, test, trial, check, inspection, appraisal, investigation, scrutiny, probe
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A procedure for measuring the biochemical or immunological activity of a sample.
      ‘each assay was performed in duplicate’
      ‘the results of sequential assays of serum were analyzed’
      ‘immunofluorescence assay’
      • ‘This region was defined using independent methodologies of 2-hybrid assays and biochemical pull-down assays.’
      • ‘Cell adhesion assays were performed essentially as described.’
      • ‘Plasma ascorbate concentrations were measured using enzymatic colorimetric assays.’
      • ‘There is no need to routinely perform protein C antigenic assays.’
      • ‘None of the antigenic assays can measure the functional activity of the protein.’
      • ‘These results were also shown for growth hormone assays using this procedure.’
      • ‘Establishing assays to measure these variables is critical for the development of effective PDT protocols.’
      • ‘Given that these results were taken from serum assays, it is possible that significant local increases were reflected in only small changes in the serum.’
      • ‘Clonal assays were performed as described previously with the following minor modifications.’
      • ‘The RNGF was subjected to several biochemical and biological assays.’
      • ‘Motility assays were performed as described before.’
      • ‘All cholesterol assays measure the total cell cholesterol, so it is not possible to distinguish between plasma membrane cholesterol and intracellular cholesterol.’
      • ‘In contrast, electron transfer assays tell a different story.’
      • ‘All assays were performed in duplicate or triplicate.’
      • ‘The researchers say that this enables the coded particles to perform thousands of biochemical assays in a small beaker or a Petri dish.’
      • ‘The supernatants were used for assays of enzyme activity.’
      • ‘Clotting assays measure only the fibrinogen that is able to functionally participate in clot formation.’
      • ‘Compared with other genotoxicity tests, the comet assay is a cheap and simple method.’
      • ‘This warns against inadvertent overestimation due to the original sampling procedure in experimental assays.’
      • ‘It follows that detection of oxidative modification of biomolecules is dependent on the assays to measure such damage.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Determine the content or quality of (a metal or ore)

    • ‘No information was available on the mineralogy of the mine beyond the metals assayed during exploration.’
    • ‘Captain Lewis now planned to build a furnace for the purpose of assaying the ore.’
    • ‘The bank is to set up a separate unit, SBI Gold and Precious Metals, to assay the gold and jewellery brought in as deposits.’
    • ‘Some of the copper ore was assayed in England leading to the formation of a London mining association made up of ten members, each promising to invest $2,000 for further prospecting on the property.’
    1. 1.1 Determine the biochemical or immunological activity of (a sample)
      ‘cell contents were assayed for enzyme activity’
      • ‘The cells were cloned and assayed for cytokine activity.’
      • ‘Solubilized samples were assayed for total protein content using the EZQ Protein Quantitation Kit (Molecular Probes, Eugene, OR).’
      • ‘The samples were assayed for CHH by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.’
      • ‘Nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide were chemically assayed as nitrite from sorbent tubes by using spectrophotometry.’
      • ‘The supernatant was assayed for the determination of glycerol as just described for triglycerides.’
    2. 1.2 Examine (something) in order to assess its nature.
      ‘stepping inside, I quickly assayed the clientele’
      • ‘We assay variation in a natural population to assess whether microsatellite markers can be informative for future studies in this species.’
      • ‘Transcription rates were assayed using nuclear run-on analyses as previously described.’
      • ‘In addition, the quality of the fit can easily be assayed by measuring how well the current transient conforms to an exponential time course.’
      • ‘There were about a hundred souls assembled, and Jeffrey's seasoned eye assayed the political temper of the throng.’
      • ‘‘My training in music helped me a lot in assaying the role’, he remarks.’
      • ‘After lunch we assayed the Chateau itself and managed to complete tours of both the State and Private Apartments which were only slightly distinguishable in terms of their magnificence.’
      • ‘On those rare occasions when he assays an argument, it's indisputable that nothing will ever rescue him from mediocrity.’
      • ‘He applies one of the best known tests for assaying the rightness or wrongness of acts called the golden rule, expressing this as, ‘would I submit my own children for this immunisation if they were currently at that age?’’
      evaluate, assess, analyse, examine, test, check, inspect, appraise, investigate, scrutinize, probe
      View synonyms
  • 2archaic Attempt.

    ‘I assayed a little joke of mine on him’
    • ‘Point made, he assays a few kicks in the air and brings it home: ‘Turn it up now!’’
    try, strive, aim, venture, endeavour, seek, set out, do one's best, do all one can, do one's utmost, make an effort, make every effort, spare no effort, give one's all, take it on oneself
    View synonyms

Origin

Middle English (in the general sense testing, or a test of, the merit of someone or something): from Old French assai (noun), assaier (verb), variant of essai trial essayer to try (see essay).

Pronunciation:

assay

/ˈaˌsā//aˈsā/