Definition of Ashkenazi in US English:

Ashkenazi

noun

  • A Jew of central or eastern European descent. More than 80 percent of Jews today are Ashkenazim; they preserve Palestinian rather than Babylonian Jewish traditions, and some still use Yiddish.

    Compare with Sephardi
    • ‘Many felt discriminated against once they went to Israel, which was dominated by Ashkenazim or European Jews’
    • ‘Collaboration between Sephardim and Ashkenazim was limited, due to differences of language and culture.’
    • ‘I also discovered recently that my ancestors were Ashkenazi Jews from Eastern Europe.’
    • ‘The Sephardic Jews differed from their Ashkenazi brethren in their language, customs, and habits.’
    • ‘Its history means, of course, that it is an Ashkenazi rather than a Sephardi food.’
    • ‘The wealthier and more influential Sephardim spoke Italian and Ladino, while the Yiddish of the Ashkenazim had to compete with the more prestigious English.’
    • ‘The American love of gherkins comes from the Russian, Eastern European and Ashkenazi Jewish diaspora.’
    • ‘European Jews are divided mainly between the Jews of Spain and Portugal, the Sephardim, and the Jews from German-speaking countries in central and eastern Europe, the Ashkenazim.’
    • ‘There are other disorders, occurring more frequently in the Ashkenazi Jewish population, for which carrier testing is also available.’
    • ‘The European and the Ashkenazi Jew samples are pooled and referred to as Caucasian.’
    • ‘The vast majority of American Jews are of Ashkenazi descent, meaning that their ancestors had settled in Germany and Eastern Europe.’
    • ‘The economic crises of the 1920s coincided with the American Quota Acts, that converted Cuba into an alternative migration destination and thus to a meeting point of Ashkenazi and Sephardic Jews.’
    • ‘Among Ashkenazi Jewish women, it's one in eight.’
    • ‘There were Ashkenazim and Sephardim, Ethiopians and Russians, American students and fourth-generation sabras.’
    • ‘It was necessary also that they be freshly instructed in the Mosaic law and the Jewish observances by the Ashkenazi rabbis of Amsterdam, who were deeply suspicious of the Sephardic traditions of Spain.’
    • ‘Yet they are all there - religious and non-religious, Ashkenazim and Sephardim.’
    • ‘The Ashkenazi speak Yiddish and came from Hungary, Rumania, Germany and Poland.’
    • ‘There are famous disputes, for example, between Orthodox Jews of Ashkenazi and Sephardic origin over the status of corn and rice on Passover.’
    • ‘Poland continued for many years to be the center of the Ashkenazi Jewish world as we shall see in future installments.’
    • ‘They'd never met an Ashkenazi Jew in their life.’

Origin

From modern Hebrew, from Ashkenaz, grandson of Japheth, one of the sons of Noah (Gen. 10:3).

Pronunciation