Main definitions of ash in English

: ash1ash2

ash1

noun

  • 1The powdery residue left after the burning of a substance.

    before noun ‘cigarette ash’
    ‘a day's worth of paper burned to ashes’
    • ‘The other gods were dusty with what looked like incense ash or vibhuti powder.’
    • ‘A layer of volcanic ash and dust seems to have protected the ice from subliming away, the researcher said.’
    • ‘Everything was burned to ashes, and people were left utterly dazed.’
    • ‘A floor so clean you could sprawl on it without having to coat yourself in spilled booze or cigarette ash.’
    • ‘The most fertile land is in the Pacific coast region, where volcanic ash has fertilized the soil.’
    • ‘With his legs finally free, he climbed out of the hole, dropping cigarette ash onto the debris.’
    • ‘Along with natural stone, they often used a form of concrete made from volcanic ash and lime.’
    • ‘In my opinion, the oath should be burned to ashes.’
    • ‘Deep growls and explosions thundered through the air as clouds of black volcanic ash coated the surroundings.’
    • ‘He looked over at her, raising his eyebrow, tapping his cigarette and sending burning ashes into the air.’
    • ‘Haley took another drag of her cigarette before tapping the ashes into her empty tea cup.’
    • ‘The landscape here is still a vast area of grey brown covered mostly with volcanic ash, dust and rock (a pumice plain).’
    • ‘The volcano is active and tourists flock to see the nightly fireworks display of showers of burning ash and flaming boulders and to hear the mountain rumble and roar.’
    • ‘Rubbing cigarette ashes, powdered pumice, or a piece of walnut into spots may also help remove them.’
    • ‘The three African generals sat around a table, tipping cigarette ash into a marble tray and tutting about the revolution going on outside.’
    • ‘The ashes are made by burning palm fronds from the previous year's Palm Sunday and getting 'em blessed by someone with the proper credentials.’
    • ‘This time, he helped save a $20-million building and the immeasurable grief of replacing yet another school burned to ashes.’
    • ‘They cleaned the huge brass vessels and plates with ash, sand and coconut husk.’
    • ‘Jack's crumpled white shirt was rolled up around his elbows and his black pants were littered with cigarette ash.’
    cinders, ashes, embers, clinker
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1The remains of something destroyed; ruins.
      ‘the people are really living in the ashes of those traditions and institutions’
    2. 1.2The remains of the human body after cremation or burning.
      ‘his ashes were scattered on a Welsh mountainside’
      • ‘It would only be a matter of seconds before the man's body was completely burned, but it would take a while before his entire body would burn to ashes.’
      • ‘Normally, the entire body gets burnt to ashes in one-and-a-half hours.’
      • ‘Many parents choose cremation because they can take their baby's ashes home or distribute them at a location that has some meaning to them.’
      • ‘Buddha's ashes were distributed all over the country and Stupas were built for them.’
      • ‘The method contrasts very sharply with the unpopular cremation, the burning of the remains to ashes, which is accepted even by the Christian church.’
      • ‘After an autopsy, he plans to have his wife's body cremated and her ashes brought to Pennsylvania, where she grew up.’
      • ‘When my mother died, we took her ashes out into the ocean to the same spot where we had scattered my fathers ashes a few years earlier.’
      • ‘He is part of the team investigating what is happening to the growing volume of human ashes now removed from crematoria.’
      • ‘Two months after the Staff of Energy was destroyed, Will's body was burned into ashes and thrown into the Atlantic Ocean.’
      • ‘In fact, if someone is cremated, having died in the mountains or elsewhere, it is far more fitting to scatter the ashes from a mountain top or at a spot beloved of the deceased.’
      • ‘Adrienne was cremated and her ashes were scattered about the mountain, taken by the wind.’
      • ‘Only ashes remained, no bodies for him to burn properly to give peace to his parents' souls.’
      • ‘Interment of ashes took place in Ballinrobe cemetery.’
      • ‘When he was dying, he told his family to spread half of his ashes on the mystic mountains and the lake in China he had called home for so many years.’
      • ‘Plots can contain the memorial stones and ashes of several generations, each ancestor bearing a new name bestowed by priests for the afterlife.’
      • ‘A funeral director later identified the substance as human ashes.’
      • ‘Cremation to follow and a private family interment of ashes to take place at a later date.’
      • ‘Days later we took Doug's ashes into the mountains, spreading them in view of both Shuksan and Baker.’
      • ‘A private ash interment will be held at a later date.’
      • ‘For eight years Mandy Sutcliffe visited a remembrance garden to pay her respects to her mother, father and sister whose ashes she believed had been scattered on a special family plot.’
    3. 1.3Powdery material thrown out by a volcano.
      ‘the plains have been showered by volcanic ash’
      • ‘The researchers sampled the volcanic ash on both sides of the river that lay above where the fossils were found.’
      • ‘No absolute age was calculated for the site because it contains no volcanic ash, the material usually analyzed in such dating.’
      • ‘Despite the dangers, people often settle near volcanoes because the soil is periodically fertilized with mineral rich ash and dust.’
      • ‘Water sources could not be consumed as they were contaminated by sulfur and ash from the volcano, he added.’
      • ‘The gas results from a chemical reaction between hydrogen fluoride vapor and the silicate minerals in volcanic ash.’
      • ‘Volcanoes don't just emit lava; they also spew out hot gas containing lots of little ash and dust particles into the atmosphere.’
      • ‘He likes to mix volcanic ash with his homemade pigments to make paint.’
      • ‘Interspersed among the river sediments are occasional layers of volcanic ash from ancient eruptions of nearby volcanoes.’
      • ‘He said officials expected a large ash plume if the volcano blows.’
      • ‘In a Minoan house they found these whole vases, cracked from the volcanic pumice and ash.’
      • ‘Some counties are already distributing information to residents on how to protect themselves from ash from the volcano.’
      • ‘The main point is this: Volcanic ash is a formidable menace and aircrews must take deliberate avoidance measures to escape its effects.’
      • ‘Scientists say that any eruption could throw up a modest ash plume and also be accompanied by mud flows that would ooze out of the crater's open north end.’
      • ‘This fine clay, derived from volcanic ash, binds stools.’
      • ‘A huge plume of ash rose from a volcano in eastern Congo yesterday, raising fears it could once again spew lava over a Congolese town it devastated six months ago.’
      • ‘The volcanic ash produced by the volcano has made the soil in surrounding areas fertile enough for almost any plant to grow.’
      • ‘In northern Tanzania, a volcano built largely of alkali silicates is currently erupting sodium, calcium, and potassium carbonates as lava and ash.’
      • ‘The minerals in volcanic ash reflect this wavelength particularly well.’
      • ‘It can be discounted here because of the absence of clay minerals and organic matter in freshly erupted ash.’
      • ‘What happened, class, is when the volcano exploded, it threw red-hot ash into the air for miles and miles around.’
      • ‘Footprints of two friends, probably children, left in volcanic ash more than 325,000 years ago are the oldest ever found.’
    4. 1.4The mineral component of an organic substance, as assessed from the residue left after burning.
      ‘coal contains higher levels of ash than premium fuels’
      • ‘It mixes manure with recycled materials like cement or lime kiln dust, coal ash from electric power plants, and gypsum.’
      • ‘Soap was first made by boiling goat fat, water, and ash high in potassium carbonate.’
      • ‘All the waste is used completely as the small amount of ash residue; which is inert, can be used in by-products.’
      • ‘Wheat plants grown in limed and nonlimed soil fertilized with poultry ash or potassium phosphate produced similar yields.’
      • ‘As in Edgefield, potters at Guadalupe initially used alkaline, or ash, glazes.’
      • ‘Minerals from the ash and the silicon-rich water replaced the trees' organic material and, over the eons, assumed their form as quartz.’
      • ‘The burning cellulose drips and leaves a hard ash.’
      • ‘Faience is a glass-like material, made by heating a paste consisting of sand or crushed quartz, an alkali such as plant ash, and a glaze, until vitrification occurs.’
      • ‘Fire can also aid bog formation as particles of ash and carbon deposited into the soil profile can reduce drainage and therefore initiate peat growth.’
      • ‘They include such materials as soil, sand, rice flour, ash, white cement, charcoal or pigment, rubbed onto paper or canvas.’
      • ‘The ash residue from the burning of hazardous waste is itself highly toxic.’
      • ‘Banana sap can be used as a dye, and banana ash is used in making soap.’
      • ‘It combusts perfectly, leaving no residue, no ash.’
      • ‘He visited a £32m project to stabilise mines under the town by pumping them full of a mixture of fuel ash and cement.’
      • ‘Grain and hay samples were analyzed for DM, ash, and soluble protein.’
      • ‘The ash of the fruit and the bark, when boiled in oil, are used in making soaps.’
      • ‘In addition, low quality coals can have a very high ash content which results in problems of residual ash disposal and associated heavy metal leaching.’
      • ‘The ash contains calcium and phosphorous essential to healthy milk.’
      • ‘As the brine is pumped out, the mines will be filled with a million tonnes of grout - made from the pulverised fuel ash, salt and cement.’
      • ‘Fly ash is a waste ash produced from burning coal in electric power plants.’

Origin

Old English æsce, aexe, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch as and German Asche.

Pronunciation:

ash

/aSH/

Main definitions of ash in English

: ash1ash2

ash2

noun

  • 1A tree with silver-gray bark and compound leaves. The ash is widely distributed throughout north temperate regions where it can form forests.

    • ‘An ash tree produces more and more branches as time passes.’
    • ‘In 1980, an old ash tree in Cumbria on which this lichen grew, had to be felled for safety reasons.’
    • ‘Forestry is also important, with a third of the land covered by birch, pine and fir in the north and oak, ash, beech and maple farther south.’
    • ‘The sculpture called Seminal is carved out of an ash tree trunk.’
    • ‘Of the most popular timbers maple is the hardest, with ash, beech, oak and cherry following respectively.’
    • ‘Root competition from the huge tulip poplars, ashes, and sweet gum trees contributes significantly to the parched soil conditions.’
    • ‘The newly planted trees include oak, ash, Scots pine, yew, birch and alder.’
    • ‘The hazelnut tree is associated with fertility while the ash tree carries with it the notion of barrenness.’
    • ‘The legendary ash tree of Scandinavia, Yggdrasil, forms the basis of Norse mythology.’
    • ‘Part of the continuing work was to reduce the size of the ash tree outside my study window, which is drinking too much water from the ground.’
    • ‘The first thing we saw when we hit the woods was an ice-cream sign nailed to an ash tree.’
    • ‘Geo pulled out his great lance, made out of the strongest ash tree and bound in silver and pale green gems.’
    • ‘In the topmost branches of a wonderful ash tree nestles a beautiful room with glass walls.’
    • ‘The woods most often used for balsamic include chestnut, ash tree, cherry, mulberry, juniper and oak.’
    • ‘Creon stood up and leaned against the ash tree and folded his arms.’
    • ‘Then, I was grasped by my shoulders and shoved against a thick post that had once been an ash tree.’
    • ‘About fifty yards ahead there was a thrush sitting high and singing innocently in an ash tree that overhung the road.’
    • ‘It is arguable whether or not the name is referring to the ash tree or the remains of a fire.’
    • ‘A tall ash tree stood out from the rest of the trees that lined the crumbling brick wall, letters carved deeply into the trunk.’
    • ‘They planted oaks, poplars, cork oaks, pines, chestnuts, candle pines, ashes, willows and many other trees.’
    1. 1.1The hard pale wood of the ash tree.
      • ‘My favourite woods are yew and ash, but I enjoy working with any wood.’
      • ‘We heard the rhythmic pounding as the spear points were hammered onto shafts of ash wood.’
      • ‘All products are made of three types of wood: ash from the US, beech from Germany and sapele from Africa.’
      • ‘He uses ash to craft garden chairs, because of the wood's flexibility.’
      • ‘Look for wooden handles made out of ash or hickory wood.’
      • ‘Previous competitions also used poles made out of ash wood which was not flexible, and athletes would sort of climb up the pole as they jumped.’
      • ‘In keeping with the luxuriously modern interior, floors are finished in ash wood throughout, enhancing the feeling of space and light.’
      • ‘The internal finishes are impressive, with features such as larch, ash, deal and slate floors and hardwood doubleglazed windows.’
      • ‘Then there are her unusual wall sculptures made from ash wood, which she says bring a ‘natural presence’ to the home.’
      • ‘Alternatively, for a clean, elegant look, go for hand-made hardwood kitchens in pale maple or ash.’
      • ‘The neatly folded scented bed sheets and the four-poster bed made of ash wood had this annoying elegance, which seems to be mocking at her frustration.’
      • ‘The shaft of long handled tools should be a light wood, such as ash, and should be unpainted and free of knots.’
      • ‘Using thorn, apple and pear woods for heads and ash for the shafts, Philip mastered his craft, revolutionising play with shapes that, literally, broke the mould.’
      • ‘Usually they were made of pine, though occasionally they were made of ash or poplar.’
      • ‘The traditional handle material is northern hardwood - usually ash, sometimes hickory.’
      • ‘The best wooden cutting boards are made from hard woods like oak, ash, and maple.’
      • ‘A pine plotting board and two pairs of dividers in their ash wood case were found nearby.’
      • ‘Timberyards in the British Isles would have contained indigenous woods like oak, ash, elm, sycamore and beech.’
      • ‘The kitchen's mahogany, ash, and aluminum are carried into the living room, where they're composed as a painterly fireplace wall.’
      • ‘It was almost a foot long, made of ash wood with beautiful engravings of seagulls and sailor knots and braided ropes on it.’
    2. 1.2[with modifier]Any of a number of unrelated trees with leaves similar to the ash.
      See also mountain ash
      • ‘Brilliant bigtooth maple, velvet ash, and box elder leaves float on mirror-smooth pools and stick to hiking boots.’
  • 2An Old English runic letter, ᚫ, a vowel intermediate between a and e. It is represented in the Roman alphabet by the symbol æ or Æ See also Æ.

    Æ

Origin

Old English æsc, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch es and German Esche.

Pronunciation:

ash

/aSH/