Definition of articulation in US English:



  • 1The formation of clear and distinct sounds in speech.

    ‘the articulation of vowels and consonants’
    • ‘For example, women score higher on tests of memory, production and comprehension of complex prose, fine motor tasks and speech articulation.’
    • ‘The costumes were lavish, and the articulation of both speech and song was of a clarity I've never before heard for this work in a large auditorium.’
    • ‘I still hope to read an article by her which details why the pronunciation and articulation that a speaker utilizes is more important than the substance of his/her message.’
    • ‘He will need nothing other than a bit of speech therapy as he continues to improve his articulation.’
    • ‘Persons with Huntington's disease have even been accused of being drunk due to their sluggish speech articulation.’
    • ‘But she sounds cute and her articulation is clear.’
    • ‘Cleft lip and palate and other craniofacial disorders can interfere with expressive speech and articulation, and lead to delay.’
    • ‘He was also asked by the Catholic Church to meet with young seminarians and help with their enunciation and articulation.’
    • ‘They are certainly competent when performing Western music, but have just enough of a South African / Afrikaans inflection in their articulation to remind one of their South African origin.’
    • ‘Impaired breathing can make speech and articulation difficult.’
    • ‘Female speech is also more likely to be precise in its articulation and is less likely to include syntactic violations.’
    • ‘A speech-language pathologist can administer articulation and phonology tests to assist in diagnosis of a speech problem.’
    • ‘It is a complicated condition including elements of impairment in speech articulation and other linguistic skills, and broader intellectual and physical problems.’
    • ‘If the patient has severe aphasia, the clarity of articulation of spontaneous speech should be rated.’
    • ‘It is not the mere articulation which is our distinguishing character, for parrots and other birds possess this power.’
    • ‘Now it's mainly speech articulation that manifests, he's sort of… he has trouble getting his tongue around the words.’
    • ‘It will also help them to develop self-confidence and skills of articulation and delivery.’
    • ‘We found that early accurate articulation of complex speech sounds in words at 2.5 years of age predicts early reading acquisition.’
    • ‘His elaborate diction and exquisite articulation have since become a positive work of art.’
    • ‘Speech articulation problems are generally identified and treated well before adolescence.’
    pronunciation, intonation, enunciation, elocution, inflection, tone, modulation, cadence, timbre, utterance, manner of speaking, speech pattern, speech, diction, delivery
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    1. 1.1 The action of putting into words an idea or feeling of a specified type.
      ‘it would involve the articulation of a theory of the just war’
      • ‘Clear articulation of the underlying usability analysis, a kind of design rationale, may help.’
      • ‘Scientists look for clear articulation of appropriate methodology.’
      • ‘If Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban is Rowling's darkest novel to date, it is also the clearest articulation of her sense that our most potent fears come from within.’
      • ‘This chapter is notable for its clear articulation of Jungel's use of philosophical concepts for theological ends.’
      • ‘Although M. I. Finley and others have pointed out the limitations of this approach, works outside the field of ancient Greek history continue to provide the clearest articulation of the advantages of a new approach to ritual and ceremony.’
      • ‘Gone was the dignified and intelligent articulation of ideas.’
      • ‘I am referencing a number of feminist philosophers on whose work I have drawn in my articulation of a feminist epistemology which informs my writing of ethnography.’
      • ‘The articulation of her feminist theory is almost always linked with her pedagogical practice.’
      • ‘The question is - and it is, of course, a political question - does freer speech, the frankest possible articulation of wants, give people a life they prefer, or make a better world?’
      • ‘This broad spectrum of ideas made the initial articulation of a collection development policy for the Conservation Library an impossibility.’
      • ‘9 The first articulation of this theory came from Luigi Pietrobono in 1915, and was restated by him in somewhat different terms in 1936.’
      • ‘As the syllabus states, Indian cinema has been an important site for the articulation of ideas about nation, class, caste, gender and sexuality, community, and diaspora.’
      • ‘As Alexander George argues, presidents should be exposed to multiple advocacy: the clear articulation of contrasting policy positions.’
      • ‘Our colleagues at Poynter were both encouraging and skeptical; their questions and challenges helped us refine the idea and our articulation of it.’
      • ‘Accurate and compelling articulation of policy ideas is critical to presidential leadership.’
      • ‘There is no clear and coherent articulation of fundamental principles which might govern decisions in new situations nor is there any clear identification of the public policy considerations which resulted in each decision.’
      • ‘In the passages Mr Hughes referred to, it is at the end of the learned trial judge's reasons for decision and we say, with respect, there is no clear articulation of the prejudice there; it is entirely generalised.’
      • ‘It is perhaps not so much for specific human rights abuses that Singapore has attracted considerable attention from human rights activists as for the government's clear articulation of a viable alternative position.’
      • ‘Buchanan and Tullock were absolutely essential to the articulation of the ideas that now constitute public choice.’
      • ‘Writing responses requires thought, reflection and articulation of ideas in language.’
      expression, voicing, utterance, uttering, communication, declaration, statement, setting forth, assertion, revelation, proclamation, announcement, raising, tabling, airing, ventilation, venting, mention, talk
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    2. 1.2Phonetics The act or manner of uttering a speech sound, especially a consonant.
      • ‘After learning a map of vowels based on place and manner of articulation, K. C. attached letters to her map.’
      • ‘His contribution to the study of errors in apical consonant articulation are world famous.’
      • ‘Since French does not have this sound, speakers often approximate one of the nearest sounds in terms of manner and place of articulation.’
      • ‘Some aspects of one sound may be anticipated in a preceding sound and may carry over to the articulation of the following sound.’
  • 2Music
    Clarity in the production of successive notes.

    ‘beautifully polished articulation from the violins’
    • ‘There were definite hints of this mental perspective in Yuan Yuan Tan's smiling delivery, the clear articulation of line.’
    • ‘The texts, written by merchant seamen for a poetry competition, are strikingly direct, and are telling in Martyn Hill's sympathetic rendering and admirably clear articulation.’
    • ‘You can take the previous releases and crank up the volume but it only makes it sound louder, you don't get the clarity and articulation you hear in this latest release using the latest technology.’
    • ‘Other characteristics, such as timbre, density of texture, spatial location of sounds, dynamics, articulation, and phrasing, tend to be overlooked.’
    • ‘The opening zips along with sparkling, clear articulation in a style more typical for early Prokofiev than for a member of the less ferocious Les Six.’
    • ‘The clarity of articulation in the finale is the kind of miracle that we have come to expect from this source - it takes the breath away as an act of shocking intention rather than bravura display.’
  • 3The state of being jointed.

    ‘the area of articulation of the lower jaw’
    • ‘Some common variants have an additional facet articulation with the cuboid bone.’
    • ‘Further, adambulacralambulacral articulation is distinct between Zoroaster and the superficially similar Paleozoic species, and ambulacral form also is distinctive.’
    • ‘Because of overlapping mode of articulation, degree to which cover plates could open and expose the food groove appears to have been severely limited.’
    • ‘These modalities included muscle energy, thrust, counterstrain, articulation and myofascial release.’
    • ‘The dermopterotic is also notable for forming the dorsal articulation of the hyomandibular.’
    • ‘The axis possesses an ovate odontoid process for articulation with the preceding atlas.’
    • ‘The anteromeclial process for articulation with the hyoid body is wide, flattened, and mildly concave on its dorsal face.’
    • ‘Other common muscular targets include those involved in mastication, swallowing, and articulation.’
    • ‘The rostral is low and ovoid, with a notch at its lateral edges for the passage of the ethmoid commissure and for articulation with the antorbitals.’
    • ‘Indeed, the tight articulation of the vertebrae throughout the vertebral column obscures details of accessory intervertebral articulations.’
    • ‘The dorsal margin bends medially towards its articulation with the nasal and frontal.’
    • ‘Along its entire length the medial surface is flattened, and there is no distinct facet for articulation with the tibia, although this area is not well preserved.’
    • ‘High values on the first canonical variate can be interpreted as indicating a narrow and boxlike articulation, large prominent trochlea flange, and narrow and highly constricted trochlea notch.’
    • ‘Proxicarpilius exhibits the weak dorsal carapace ridge at the anterolateral corner and the direct articulation of the coxa with the merus, typical of carpiliids.’
    • ‘Accessory articular facets on the lateral sacral crest at the level of the first or second dorsal sacral foramen have been found unpaired and bilateral, meeting in articulation with extra facets on the ilium.’
    • ‘As preserved, the left ulna was nearly in articulation with the carpus.’
    • ‘In particular, osteopathic lesions were linked to inadequate articulation of the various parts of the musculo-skeletal system, particularly regarding the condition of the spinal vertebrae.’
    • ‘Head typical of siluriforms with a dorsal process, i.e., quadrangular in proximal view for articulation with the spinal fossa.’
    • ‘The articulation in this joint allows a person to walk, squat, and turn without pain.’
    • ‘It is believed that this articulation permitted a sliding movement of the tibia on the astragalus.’
    1. 3.1count noun A specified joint.
      ‘the leg articulation’
      • ‘The shoulder is composed of one articulation, the scapulothoracic, and three true joints: the sternoclavicular, acromioclavicular, and glenohumeral.’
      • ‘Shoulder abduction involves the glenohumeral joint and the scapulothoracic articulation.’
      • ‘However, plain radiographs of the foot and ankle are useful for assessing the degree of deformity and to confirm the presence or absence of degenerative changes in the subtalar and ankle articulations.’
      • ‘Semi-lunar articulations such as on the proximal ulna were measured at the midpoint of the articulating surface.’
      • ‘Compression of the radiocapitellar articulation sometimes results in damage to the radial head, the capitellum, or both.’
      • ‘The acetabulum, the hollowing in the bony pelvis that forms the receptive portion of the hip articulation, is named after the small cup used to hold a popular dipping sauce at Roman dining tables.’
      • ‘The shape of the distal humerus articulation was captured by using landmark-based morphometrics.’
      • ‘Indeed, the tight articulation of the vertebrae throughout the vertebral column obscures details of accessory intervertebral articulations.’
      • ‘Accessory thyrohyoid ligaments and additional or unusual cricothyroid articulations have been reported.’
      • ‘This section passes just below the articular surface of the tibia and slightly above the tibiofibular articulation (seen in next cut).’
      • ‘The circumference of the facet gives attachment to the articular capsule of the tibiofibular articulation.’
      • ‘Primitively, the ventral articulation is directly below the dorsal articulation and both are located above the anterior part of the vestibular fontanelle.’
      • ‘Because the complex series of articulations of the shoulder allows a wide range of motion, the affected extremity should be compared with the unaffected side to determine the patient's normal range.’
      • ‘The greater horn of the hyoid may be joined to the body of the hyoid by an articulation.’
      • ‘On the other hand, it is also possible that joint load may add variable forces across the elbow joint articulation thus, increasing joint wobble, thereby increasing measured length changes.’
      • ‘As it turns out, chimaeroids scarcely have a recognizable otic region, much less an otic jaw articulation.’
      • ‘Diagnosis may be made by injection of lidocaine at the pisotriquetral articulation.’
      • ‘The temporomandibular joint is the articulation between the mandible and the skull.’
      • ‘Osteological characters, such as the construction of the mandible and articulations of the cervical vertebrae also distinguish the two subfamilies.’
      • ‘The term degenerative arthritis is a general term used to describe degenerative changes in any type of articulation whether synovial, cartilaginous or fibrous.’


Late Middle English (in the senses ‘joint’, ‘joining’): from Latin articulatio(n-), from the verb articulare (see articulate).