Definition of arrowroot in US English:

arrowroot

noun

  • 1A West Indian herbaceous plant from which a starch is prepared.

    Maranta arundinacea, family Marantaceae

    • ‘Hit by stagnating prices, thousands of growers have cut down their banana trees and replaced them with plantains or arrowroot.’
    • ‘The latest dates for the information on arrowroot, cocoa and nutmeg were 1961, 1984 and 1993, respectively.’
    • ‘From 1879 he grew trial crops of coffee, sugar cane, tobacco, arrowroot, rice, peanuts, tea, cotton and other tropical crops.’
    • ‘Arrowroot, a major cash crop, is used in desserts, including arrowroot sponge cake and arrowroot custard.’
    • ‘Indian / South Sea / Polynesian / Tahiti / Hawaii arrowroots are from Tacca leontopetaloides (or, possibly, close relations) One Hawaiian name is pi (not the same as the better-known poi, which is a starch made from taro).’
    • ‘To the South the situation was no different, sugar, bananas and tourism to one extent or the other, save and except the occasional added exotic oddity such as nutmeg, other spices and arrowroot.’
    • ‘Local staples include breadfruit, arrowroot, pandanus, and taro, and are now supplemented with imported rice, flour, and sugar.’
    1. 1.1 The fine-grained starch obtained from arrowroot, used in cooking and medicine.
      • ‘On Rarotonga, Mama Mata was a renowned cook, her speciality was poke, arrowroot pudding made from banana, mango or pumpkin which her relatives who lived on Rarotonga would request she make for their functions.’
      • ‘Mix the arrowroot with the water and add to the cucumber stock.’
      • ‘In a small bowl, mix together the arrowroot and the kirsch and pour into a noncorrosive saucepan.’
      • ‘Add the arrowroot, cognac, butter, and heavy cream, whisk to combine, and simmer until warmed through.’
      • ‘Taro, arrowroot and rice are very good sources of energy and these also provide glucose.’
      • ‘Competitors, using formulae whose ingredients included arrowroot, sago flour, or potato starch, coloured with turmeric or chrome yellow, and flavoured with cassia or bitter almonds, also entered the market.’
      • ‘Bring the lemon juice and sugar to the boil and add the arrowroot and soy sauce, bringing it to a thick sauce consistency.’
      • ‘Dissolve the arrowroot in 2 tablespoons of the reserved Madeira to form a slurry and set aside. Add the reserved Madeira, truffles and veal stock to the foie gras fat.’
      • ‘Sizing paper with gelatin, arrowroot, casein or cornstarch is recommended to keep the solutions from sinking beneath the surface, which causes the print to lose contrast.’
      • ‘A traditional stabilizer used to be arrowroot, but now agar-agar, carrageen, starches, gelatin, or even pectin are common natural-based stabilizers.’
      • ‘Rub the arrowroot into a cream with a small amount of water.’
      • ‘Carefully fold in the flour sifted with the arrowroot.’
      • ‘The third course comprises ‘pindi neeru’ mixed with curds, arrowroot powder and ‘karuka’ juice with chilly, ginger and salt.’
      • ‘Nibbling on Sao or arrowroot biscuits can also help.’
      • ‘Saint Vincent is a major world producer of arrowroot.’
      • ‘Pudding was made by mixing this cream with arrowroot.’
      • ‘In a bowl, combine the arrowroot and water to form a slurry.’
      • ‘And the list goes on, guinea pepper, aniseed and ginger for gas in the stomach, arrowroot, green tea and lime to stop diarrhoea.’

Origin

Late 17th century: alteration of Arawak aru-aru (literally ‘meal of meals’) by association with arrow and root, the tubers being used to absorb poison from arrow wounds.

Pronunciation

arrowroot

/ˈɛroʊˌrut//ˈerōˌro͞ot/