Definition of Aristotelian logic in US English:

Aristotelian logic


  • The traditional system of logic expounded by Aristotle and developed in the Middle Ages, concerned chiefly with deductive reasoning as expressed in syllogisms.

    Compare with symbolic logic
    • ‘Hegel, in his development of dialectical reasoning, undermined the very assumptions of Aristotelian logic, and posited contradictions not as roadblocks to philosophy, but rather as the very engines of both thought and history.’
    • ‘Our logo was indeed a triumph: technological yet empathetic - a veritable concoction of Aristotelian logic and Christian sentiment worthy of Saint Thomas Aquinas himself.’
    • ‘Ibn Taymiyyah and Ibrahim al-Shatibi widened the scope of this enquiry and undertook a systematic refutation of Aristotelian logic.’
    • ‘Aren't we supposed to be like scientists, insisting claims be supported by empirical evidence and Aristotelian logic?’
    • ‘Thus in distinguishing his categories, Kant begins from Aristotelian logic in outlining four respects in which one can classify any judgment: according to its quantity, quality, relation, or modality.’
    • ‘For the intellectual history of Europe, Aquinas utilized Aristotelian logic as an instrument of both theological and philosophical analysis.’
    • ‘The theology of the Handbook was simple, more Biblical, less tangled and caught up in Aristotelian logic.’
    • ‘There is also the suggestion that the West favoured Aristotelian logic while the East favoured Platonic philosophy.’
    • ‘In it, Buridan redeems the older medieval tradition of Aristotelian logic through the via moderna [modern way] - the newer, terminist logic that had gradually replaced it.’
    • ‘The clerics were awed and unable to draw from their dusty centuries old theology volumes and trusty Aristotelian logic to debate the new ideas.’
    • ‘When all was said and done, Aristotelian logic was a closed book - a dead end.’
    • ‘It must not violate the laws of logic both internally (the structure and process must abide by some internally imposed logic) and externally (the Aristotelian logic which is applicable to the observable world).’
    • ‘Although such claim refers to the Qur'an, it does not follow a Qur'anic approach but Aristotelian logic.’
    • ‘What is noteworthy, though, is that al-Ghazali in spite of his criticism of the philosophers, accepted Aristotelian logic as universally valid and most of all neutral.’
    • ‘It was Porphyry who, two centuries or so earlier, had been responsible for making Aristotelian logic an important subject within the Neoplatonic curriculum.’
    • ‘His theory, in short form, challenged my aforementioned Aristotelian logic by placing a cat inside a box.’
    • ‘But Aristotelian logic deals only with patterns of inference that hold without exception.’
    • ‘Absorbing the principal doctrines of Stoic ethics and, in Porphyry's hands, much Aristotelian logic as well, Neoplatonism became altogether dominant over all other philosophical positions in late antiquity.’
    • ‘In the West, Aristotelian logic triumphed: A proposition could not be true and false at the same time.’