One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
Each of the nine chief magistrates in ancient Athens.
- ‘He writes, ‘the meaning of ‘archive,’ its only meaning, comes to it from the Greek arkheion: initially a house, a domicile, an address, the residence of the superior magistrates, the archons, those who commanded’ .’
- ‘In his role as archon, Solon cancelled all agricultural debts and announced that all slaves were free.’
- ‘At the beginning of every year, dramatists submitted their plays to the archon, or chief magistrate.’
- ‘Interestingly, Meritt initially raised 412/1 as a possibility, restoring Kallias as the archon, an individual whose demotic matched that preserved on fragment 1, Skambonides.’
Late 16th century: from Greek arkhōn ‘ruler’, noun use of the present participle of arkhein ‘to rule’.
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