Main definitions of arbor in English

: arbor1arbor2

arbor1

noun

  • 1An axle or spindle on which something revolves.

    • ‘The bushing is secured in place by a solid arbor that passes through the front of the frame, through the middle of the bushing and is locked in place by the pivoting barrel and ejector rod.’
    • ‘The third step is to mount the wheels on the arbors and to place these assemblies between the front- and backplates in such a way that the wheels and pinions mesh and turn freely.’
    • ‘The indenter was secured into the arbor of a milling machine.’
    1. 1.1A device holding a tool in a lathe.
      • ‘Technician A says unless the job is done with an arbor press the tone wheel is likely to become deformed.’
      • ‘Each shooter's tool kit contains loading dies, a small arbor press and a powder measure capable of being adjusted to throw precise charges.’

Origin

Mid 17th century: from French arbre tree, axis The spelling change was due to association with Latin arbor tree.

Pronunciation:

arbor

/ˈärbər/

Main definitions of arbor in English

: arbor1arbor2

arbor2

(British arbour)

noun

  • A shady garden alcove with sides and a roof formed by trees or climbing plants trained over a wooden framework.

    • ‘The first project, an arched walkway, which will grow into a green living corridor led to the second, an arbour, which will provide shelter whenever the summer sun visits Mayo.’
    • ‘At about two years old, his three-foot girth spills out onto the flagstone path, causing visitors to pause on the way to the arbour.’
    • ‘Graham wants to grow vegetables as well as flowers and I want to plant a couple of trees to make a woody arbour for my old age.’
    • ‘This sun loving plant is well suited to grow on both barbed wire or other fences, arbours and trellises.’
    • ‘In just four-and-a-half days the 66 trainee managers from all over the country had to build a barbeque area, design and paint a mural on the kitchen garden wall, build an arbour, as well as create a sculpture on the sensory trail at the centre.’
    • ‘We have a scented country garden and pond, water features, gravel gardens, arbours, pergolas, a summerhouse, many rare and unusual perennials, and 120 clematis.’
    • ‘It was quite nice to begin with but after a few years it became neglected and the vandals moved in, smashing down arbours, trees, the children's play area and the sports hut.’
    • ‘The arbours were wooden dining halls, surrounded by a hedge and ditch with an elaborate entrance, that were used as places of entertainment and feasting.’
    • ‘Ornamental trees add a touch of splendour to long avenues, while leafy plants in an arbour soften the sunlight.’
    • ‘Ivaric raced down to the stables, shouted at a groom to saddle his grey horse Maila, and smiled as he saw his father sitting in a shady arbour at one end of the courtyard, looking thoughtful.’
    • ‘The saplings have been planted in a circle so that they will form an arbour.’
    • ‘When Patsy was here last we went to a garden centre which had some great arbours and swinging seats.’
    • ‘A bridge over a stream leads beneath a bower of pink roses into a frothy maze of flower-strewn pathways and rose-covered arbours.’
    • ‘In the corners of the garden are four huge rounded, beehive-like arbours that reach a height of 9m and provide a lovely place to sit.’
    • ‘The most popular garden structures, not counting the ubiquitous shed, include trellises, arbours and pergolas.’
    • ‘Heliopolis was the ancient name of the ancient city hidden in mountains, the city of neat small palaces among flowers and bushes, marble buildings and arbours in vineyards.’
    • ‘But what of the path, the terrace, the arbour, the fencing, the shed or the tree house?’
    • ‘With the increasing provision of foodstuffs from local sources, there was a development around the sixteenth century into formal, ornamental gardens, with mazes, arbours and topiary, as a complementary adjunct to the house.’
    • ‘They have planted a formal, yew encircled rose garden, with blue-painted pergolas and arbours, and have recently planted a gravel garden beside the sea road, with grasses, Verbena bonariensis, cistus, eryngiums and grasses.’
    • ‘This vine is best suited for large arbours, climbing slopes or house walls.’
    bower, alcove, grotto, recess, pergola, gazebo, summer house
    shady place, shelter, hideaway, retreat, sanctuary
    View synonyms

Origin

Middle English (also denoting a lawn or flower bed): from Old French erbier, from erbe grass, herb from Latin herba. The phonetic change to ar- (common in words having er- before a consonant) was assisted by association with Latin arbor tree.

Pronunciation:

arbor

/ˈärbər/