Definition of Arapaho in English:

Arapaho

noun

  • 1A member of a North American people living chiefly on the Great Plains, especially in Wyoming.

    • ‘Once upon a time, among the Arapaho, there was a group of highly respected young men that served as messengers.’
    • ‘As for the western Indians, such as the Sioux, Cheyenne, and Arapahos, American settlers went around them to settle the California and Oregon.’
    • ‘Beginning in 1856, Oglalas, Cheyennes, Arapahos, and a few people from other Lakota tribes waged an all-out war on the Crows.’
    • ‘Living on the High Plains had barely become comfortable for the Cheyennes and Arapahos when that life was interrupted by the great rush of Colorado gold seekers.’
  • 2The Algonquian language of the Arapaho, now almost extinct.

    • ‘Arapaho is a tonal language.’
    • ‘The Arapaho language has changed rapidly over the centuries, and does not closely resemble other Algonquian languages in many ways.’
    • ‘No children are currently learning Arapaho as a first language spoken in the home.’

adjective

  • Relating to the Arapaho or their language.

    • ‘In the Arapaho language, we referred to them as ‘those that fly.’’
    • ‘The first discoveries were on Battle Mountain, named for a battle between war parties of Ute and Arapaho Indians in 1849.’
    • ‘On December 21, 1866, the Lakota Sioux, Northern Cheyenne and Arapaho warriors attacked a wood cutting party outside the Fort.’
    • ‘Within this cosmology, material wealth and political influence meant little; rather the ‘ultimate Arapaho concern’ was ‘to generate life, to live to old age, enjoy health, and have various blessings’.’
    • ‘‘We're profoundly aware of the honor,’ museum Director W. Richard West, a member of the Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes and a Stanford-educated corporate lawyer, said at the opening.’
    • ‘In 1865 he guided the column of General Patrick E. Connor from Fort Laramie up the Bozeman Trail in a march that culminated in the Battle of Tongue River and the destruction of an Arapaho village.’
    • ‘Custer's Crow scouts reported the encampment of more than two thousand Sioux, Cheyenne, and Arapaho warriors that extended for four miles along the Little Bighorn River.’

Origin

From Crow alappahó, literally ‘many tattoo marks’.

Pronunciation

Arapaho

/əˈrapəˌhō/