Definition of apposition in US English:

apposition

noun

  • 1technical The positioning of things or the condition of being side by side or close together.

    • ‘This is compatible with the idea that pyrenes are forced to lie close together in the complex; the pyrene ring is a quite rigid and thus close apposition of two pyrenes is expected to limit ring deformations.’
    • ‘Thus, the expression of these two genes occurs independently in mesoderm and ectoderm without the close apposition of these two tissues that normally occurs in embryos in vivo.’
    • ‘These connections consisted of close appositions between nonspecialized areas of the plasma membranes of the 2 cells.’
    • ‘The first seven bead appositions led to spikes in the fiber position that represent adhesive events of varying duration.’
    • ‘Hence the plug is a specialized cytoplasmic structure, unlike desmosomes, gap junctions, or septate junctions, which are formed from membrane appositions.’
  • 2Grammar
    A relationship between two or more words or phrases in which the two units are grammatically parallel and have the same referent (e.g. my friend Sue; the first US president, George Washington).

    • ‘When for instance in a span of three pages we read ‘The darkness, a magician,’ ‘memory, an old flautist,’ and ‘Love, a one-legged bird’ his odd metaphorical appositions come to seem more mannered than inspired.’
    • ‘You find, if you change a direction, you get an opposition and an apposition, which creates an irony, which creates a metaphor.’
    • ‘By means of the universal ‘I,’ he brings the concepts of performance and political involvement into apposition with the categories of immigrant, exile, and criminal.’
    • ‘Long sentences with subclauses loosely strung together and lots of words in apposition likewise suggest that meaning can be continually modified rather than structured into discrete differential units.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from late Latin appositio(n-), from apponere ‘to apply’ (see apposite).

Pronunciation

apposition

/ˌapəˈziSH(ə)n//ˌæpəˈzɪʃ(ə)n/