One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A person or thing that represents the opposite of someone or something else.
- ‘The eighties, as arbitrary ten-year wedges of time go, was the antitype of the sixties, its silver-and-black negative - which means of course that the eighties has the potential to be as controversial and symbolic as the sixties became.’
- ‘Finally, we see him holy in his death, as the antitype of the sin offerings of old.’
- ‘He goes beyond masculinity in the only fatherhood worthy of the name, and is at the same time, in this eternal virginity, the antitype of all motherhood.’
- ‘But Prynne's work is not prose but poetry, its antitype.’
- ‘Within this clearly defined conjunction of market types, the old fishwife has a role to play that is fully legitimate: she is the social antitype to her customers, but also their economic partner in exchange.’
2Something that is represented by a symbol.‘the ship in danger is easily understood to be its old antitype, the Commonwealth’
- ‘Protestant divines had tended to restrict typology to figures, actions, and objects in the Old Testament which in their view shadowed forth Christ as their antitype.’
- ‘The first is an antitype of the Resurrection and, unlike the more formal Old Testament antitypes, offers direct evidence of Christ's ability to save those close to him.’
- ‘New Testament worship is not typological; the antitype has come.’
- ‘It would at the same time make the reason for the First Testament choices even more mystifying since the type corresponding to the antitype often resides in a few phrases as demonstrated above.’
- ‘Needless to say, the Old Testament teems with such types and pictures which (as we saw last month) were specifically given to provide insight, instruction and illumination in relation to their new-covenant antitypes.’
- ‘The Old Testament type did not merely stand for the New Testament antitype: both were equally real events in the flow of history.’
- ‘There is also an antitype which now saves us-baptism (not the removal of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God), though the resurrection of Jesus Christ,’
Early 17th century: from late Latin antitypus, from Greek antitupos ‘corresponding as an impression to the die’, from anti ‘against, opposite’ + tupos ‘type, a stamp’.
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