Definition of antidiuretic hormone in English:

antidiuretic hormone

(also ADH)

noun

  • another term for vasopressin
    • ‘In conditions of volume depletion or hypertonicity, secretion of antidiuretic hormone is stimulated, water is reabsorbed, and a concentrated urine is excreted.’
    • ‘Vasopressin, a natural antidiuretic hormone, becomes a powerful vasoconstrictor when used at much higher doses than are normally present in the body.’
    • ‘Children who urinate during the night may have a deficiency of the antidiuretic hormone ADH.’
    • ‘In patients with impaired ability to excrete water, the raised plasma antidiuretic hormone concentrations can lead to hyponatraemia; if thirst is impaired, excessive fluid losses can lead to hypernatraemia.’
    • ‘Vasopressin is also known as antidiuretic hormone, because it is the main regulator of body fluid osmolarity.’
    • ‘In these patients, the main causes of hyponatremia are renal disorders, endocrine deficiencies, reset osmostat syndrome, syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, and drugs or medications.’
    • ‘As an antidiuretic hormone, vasopressin acts on the renal tubule at low plasma concentrations.’
    • ‘Similarly, relatively pure free water disturbances include hyponatremia caused by the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone or hypernatremia caused by diabetes insipidus.’
    • ‘Siadh is an important cause of hyponatremia that occurs when normal bodily control of antidiuretic hormone secretion is lost and antidiuretic hormone is secreted independently of the body's need to conserve water.’
    • ‘Diabetes insipidus is the result of a deficiency of antidiuretic hormone.’
    • ‘It has been postulated that normal development may include the establishment of a circadian rhythm in the secretion of arginine vasopressin, the antidiuretic hormone.’
    • ‘Other uncommon manifestations in AIDS patients include pan-hypopituitarism, the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone, and orchids.’
    • ‘The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion should be regarded as a diagnosis of exclusion and cannot be said to occur in the presence of other underlying conditions that may be responsible for hyponatraemia.’
    • ‘Hyponatraemia occurs as a result of dehydration, nephrotoxicity, or occasionally inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion.’
    • ‘This increased osmotic concentration is detected by ‘osmoreceptors’ in the brain, and these lead to the release, from the posterior pituitary gland, of the peptide antidiuretic hormone, also called vasopressin.’
    • ‘A hormone called antidiuretic hormone is used to control the amount of water in the body.’
    • ‘The kidneys secrete more urine, not only because of the fluid drunk but also because of the osmotic effect of alcohol and inhibition of secretion of antidiuretic hormone.’
    • ‘Giving extra fluids while antidiuretic hormone secretion is increased may theoretically lead to hyponatraemia and fluid overload.’
    • ‘The single most important diuretic that inhibits antidiuretic hormone is water.’
    • ‘Vasopressin, also termed antidiuretic hormone or arginine vasopressin, is a peptide hormone produced in the hypothalamus and stored in the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland.’

Pronunciation

antidiuretic hormone

/ˌantī-/