Definition of anthropoid in US English:



  • 1Resembling a human being in form.

    ‘cartoons of anthropoid frogs’
    • ‘Archaeologists and site-workers anxiously probed into the sand and uncover three magnificently carved unidentified wooden anthropoid sarcophagi dating back to the 26th Dynasty.’
    • ‘The stage is dominated throughout by huge anthropoid figures, I should think over 30 feet tall.’
    • ‘This fairly sturdy oversized paperback is printed in blue, with uninspiring cartoons of a cross-eyed kid in a beanie and his anthropoid dog.’
    1. 1.1Zoology Relating to the group of higher primates, which includes monkeys, apes, and humans.
      • ‘His overview is especially effective, as it clearly presents several hypotheses of anthropoid origins.’
      • ‘Again, the capuchin monkey cannot be unequivocally assigned to either the typical anthropoid or nonprimate pattern.’
      • ‘I personally believe that with nimble fingers and fine eyes, humans seem particularly adapted - like our anthropoid counterparts - to the task of picking insects from leafs and branches.’
      • ‘But fundamental questions remain to be answered about anthropoid origins in Asia and Africa.’
      • ‘But now we have much more complete material - upper and lower jaws - that gives us a better idea of what Biretia is and how it fits into the broader picture of early anthropoid evolution.’
    2. 1.2Zoology (of an ape) belonging to the groups that include the great apes and gibbons.
      • ‘However, in the anthropoid primates, which include the monkeys and apes, eliminating sexual motivation does not eliminate the capacity for sexual arousal and mating.’
      • ‘This usually occurs in gibbons and occasionally in other anthropoid apes.’
      • ‘‘That resulted in the anthropoid primates - which we are one of - which had better vision all around, compared to the earlier primates that only had to deal with constricting snakes,’ Isbell said.’
      • ‘In 1917, he conducted experiments on anthropoid apes on the Island of Tenerife.’
      • ‘They are heavy-bodied, thick-necked anthropoid apes, native to the swampy coastal forests of Sumatra and Borneo.’


  • A higher primate, especially an ape or apeman.

    Suborder Anthropoidea, order Primates

    • ‘In fact, anthropoids are matched only by raptors for their sharp vision.’
    • ‘‘I am convinced that Southeast Asia played a most critical role in the evolution of anthropoids and hominoids, much more important than what is commonly believed,’ he said.’
    • ‘The ancient teeth and jawbones of the tiny, monkeylike creatures shed new light on the poorly understood evolution of early anthropoids, a suborder of primates that includes apes, monkeys, and humans.’
    • ‘Primates, particularly anthropoids, are noted for their considerable cerebral complexity.’
    • ‘However, if present day anthropoids are any indication, early primates were quick to take advantage of these new arboreal plant foods.’


Mid 19th century: from Greek anthrōpoeidēs, from anthrōpos ‘human being’ + -oid.