Definition of aniline dye in US English:

aniline dye


  • A synthetic dye, especially one made from aniline.

    • ‘The aniline dyes developed in Europe in the mid-nineteenth century quickly caught on in China, where they were cheaper than Chinese natural dyes and came in a greater variety of colors.’
    • ‘Many of the world's major chemical companies, including BASF, Hoechst, Ciba-Geigy and ICI, began as aniline dye manufacturers before diversifying into other fine chemicals, particularly pharmaceuticals.’
    • ‘The 1856 discovery of the first synthetic aniline dye, mauve, marked a new era in textile dyeing.’
    • ‘The aniline dye penetrates the hide with color, allowing the natural grain to show through.’
    • ‘The introduction of the sewing machine in the 1840s, of aniline dyes in the 1860s, and of artificial fibres from the 1890s onwards offered important improvements to the process of production.’
    • ‘The natural plant colors were replaced by chemical aniline dyes imported from Germany.’
    • ‘He revolutionized the field of photomicroscopy and was one of the first pathologists to use aniline dyes as tissue stains.’
    • ‘Ditto used masters typed with a special ‘carbon’ paper which actually deposited aniline dye upon a master sheet, in the shape of each letter.’
    • ‘It's actually rare these days for new dye combinations to be developed for tissue staining using the practical aniline dyes.’
    • ‘Until the late nineteenth century vegetable colors were used; later aniline dyes.’
    • ‘During the era of active aniline dye discovery, many of the new textile stains were also tested on pathologic specimens.’
    • ‘The chemicals used in making Congo red and the other aniline dyes were primarily derived from the coal-tar waste products of the coal gas and steel industries in Germany's Ruhr Valley.’
    • ‘With Perkin's discovery of aniline dyes, textiles could be mass-produced in a cheaper and less labor-intensive way.’
    • ‘Water-soluble aniline dye powders are a convenient way to obtain true, clean, translucent colors.’
    • ‘The St Petersburg chemist Zinin was making discoveries useful for the production of aniline dyes, and experimenting with nitroglycerine.’
    • ‘"Magenta" was originally a red violet aniline dye, first produced by Natanson in 1858, and named to commemorate a battle in that year at Magenta, Italy.’
    • ‘Early aniline dyes imported from Germany were poor in quality and had the tendency of ‘bleeding’ - colors running out, mainly the red.’
    • ‘Other authors have suggested that consumers became disillusioned with the poor fastness properties of aniline dyes.’
    • ‘Mauve as we think of it today is the colour of the aniline dye mauveine, which was developed by the chemist William Perkin as a by-product of his attempt to synthesise quinine from coal tar.’
    • ‘Aniline dyes were first synthesized in England during the 1850s. They appeared in Japan soon after and were used regularly by the mid-1860s.’