Definition of analyze in English:


(British analyse)


  • 1 Examine methodically and in detail the constitution or structure of (something, especially information), typically for purposes of explanation and interpretation.

    ‘we need to analyze our results more clearly’
    • ‘This, he explains, would analyse our make-do-and-mend culture, our suspicion of the bravely new, our ingrained preference for the status quo.’
    • ‘The 40 page catalog is densely packed with images spanning the artist's career while texts by Mark Alice Durant and Spaid poetically interpret and analyze the work.’
    • ‘We can now analyze this process by examining each stage in more detail.’
    • ‘In order to analyze controversy, we must formulate a more precise question, develop an experimental approach to collect and analyze data, then interpret the results.’
    • ‘Richard Baehr is a math genius, who can analyze numbers and explain them better than anyone I know of.’
    • ‘With all the visual trickery it offers, it doesn't really give you much opportunity to think and analyze it in such detail.’
    • ‘Speck disagreed with my assessment of the dream and my theory that dreams are easily analyzed and interpreted.’
    • ‘I don't analyse visitor statistics in detail, just a one line summary each day, so I've no way of telling who was the two-millionth visitor.’
    • ‘I think of it, instead, as trying to help them articulate their ideas, analyze the material, explain what they think.’
    • ‘As he himself said, MB itself would have wished the Judge had analysed the issues and explained himself more fully.’
    • ‘Or, I've analysed the situation and explained it to my readers.’
    • ‘Its value depends on the patterns which it creates and the way in which it is analysed and interpreted.’
    • ‘These results can be explained by analyzing the mutant trajectories.’
    • ‘It was essential that the theories be analyzed to examine and evaluate their content.’
    • ‘All the authors analysed the data, interpreted the results, and drafted the manuscript.’
    • ‘It is important for us to keep our options open and to analyse the options in detail to see which is the best for York City.’
    • ‘Survey research, regardless of how it is conducted or whom it surveys, must often be interpreted with caution when analyzing the results.’
    • ‘The academics secretly observed them in bars during evenings out, analysing their behaviour in detail for half an hour, then following their success afterwards.’
    • ‘In print (and on blogs and elsewhere) we should analyze the charges in detail and keep an accurate, truthful record of the entire episode.’
    • ‘The supermarket came by its results by analysing the sale of romantic products - flowers, chocolate and champagne - for all its stores across the region.’
    examine, inspect, survey, scan, study, scrutinize, look over, peruse
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    1. 1.1Discover or reveal (something) through detailed examination.
      ‘I intend to analyze the sexism in such texts’
      [with clause] ‘he tried to analyze exactly what was going on’
      • ‘It reflects my personal belief in the objectivity of the United Nations narrative, and is only intended for setting the stage for analyzing Arafat's role in the events.’
      • ‘This article focuses on some of the more important and relevant inventions and discoveries of ancient Indians and attempts to analyze the reasons why these scientists never received their due credit.’
      • ‘However, this problem deepens because no matter how well it is analysed and discovered, nothing serious is done to fight corruption.’
      • ‘She did not give up until she intended to, but she carried the ability to analyze the worth of an action by its consequences.’
    2. 1.2Psychoanalyze (someone)
      • ‘He looked at me for a moment, seriously analyzing me before answering simply, ‘I think you're a wonderful person.’’
      • ‘I am not going to pass any judgement on the people who lit candles in Tehran, and I do not intend to analyse their behavior to see why they did it.’
      • ‘An audience of both genders tries to discover whom the imposters are, by asking questions and analyzing the panel members' answers.’
      • ‘But I hate, and have always hated people trying to analyse me.’
      • ‘But watching Michael dance, his face was unguarded for the first time that day, she found herself analyzing him instead.’
      • ‘I found myself analyzing him, looking for flaws; weaknesses that I could use against him, to my advantage.’
      • ‘In the first part the narrators reveal and analyze their own natures as well as their corrective visions of the world.’
      • ‘Jasmine's head swivelled slowly and located the person that was analysing her.’
      • ‘The entire novel must be read in the light of the comic paradox whereby Zeno thinks he is analysing himself while at the same time being certain that psychoanalysis lacks the means to analyse him.’
      • ‘Trent starred for a moment, analyzing me carefully.’
      • ‘‘Something is not right with me,’ the player admitted, as psychologists started to analyse his personality on TV.’
      • ‘I've been analyzing you four, and he is the weakest link.’
      • ‘Whether it was analyzing Lee Trevino or counseling Mickey Wright, Penick stressed remaining true to your natural swing tendencies while observing a few basic guidelines.’
      • ‘He must have realized that trying to analyse someone who was not ill and not asking for help was a futile exercise from the patient's point of view, though not from his own.’
      • ‘Gazza was fed up with people analysing him and wanted to tell his own story.’
      • ‘Counselors try to analyze me but can't give my parents an explanation.’
      • ‘It is part technical consultation and part writing and analyzing characters as though they were patients and suggesting psychologically accurate storylines for them to follow.’
      • ‘Casey says he got letters from psychologists, who were analyzing his personality through how he coached that game.’
      • ‘His second major contribution is to analyze the underlying causes of the behavior he discovers.’
      • ‘My heart is racing at the thought of these people analyzing me simply from a piece of paper and from me sitting here answering questions very professionally.’
    3. 1.3Identify and measure the chemical constituents of (a substance or specimen)
      • ‘We've gotten a monomer from the most effective formula by analyzing its ingredients and chemical components.’
      • ‘The charcoal tubes were desorbed with 1 ml of methylene chloride and analyzed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry.’
      • ‘Analytical chemistry is that area of chemistry that develops methods to identify substances by analyzing and quantitating the exact composition of a mixture.’
      • ‘Fajans and Göhring were analyzing the mixture of substances found when isotopes of uranium undergo radioactive decay.’
      • ‘They also analyzed fatty acid composition of the larvae powder.’
      • ‘That kind of resolution allows exquisitely exact areas to be analyzed for chemical composition.’
      • ‘A comparison between all the techniques used to analyse calcite cements reveals subtle differences between injected and depositional sandstones.’
      • ‘Researchers analyzing the substance quickly discover its amazing property.’
      • ‘A report has been made to Sattahip district chief Pongpat Wongtrakul, and the chemical substance is being analyzed.’
      • ‘The Tenebrio larval powder was then analyzed to determine the protein, amino acid, and fat composition.’
      • ‘Over nearly a century, chemists continued to analyze cerite, eventually discovering a total of seven new elements in it.’
      • ‘These samples will then be analysed to discover the composition and activity of any microbes present.’
      • ‘Von Reichenstein made his discovery while analyzing a sample of gold from a colleague that contained an unknown impurity.’
      • ‘Ray in a fit of remorse confessed to the police, who analysed the drink and discovered it was incapable of causing death.’
      • ‘In analyzing the actual content of the perzine, one discovers a number of strategies deployed in the construction and performance of social identity.’
      • ‘Polonium was the first element to be discovered by Marie Curie and her husband Pierre as they analyzed pitchblende, an ore of uranium, in 1898.’
      • ‘The results that came back on the two lots analyzed by the laboratory were quite revealing, to say the least.’
      • ‘Fatty acid methyl esters were analyzed by gas chromatography as described above.’
      • ‘This combination of biology and computing has evolved out of the gene chip, and offers a potentially quick and easy way to identify and analyse the proteins in a cell.’
      • ‘Qualitative analysis can also analyze a mixture to determine the precise percentage composition of the sample in terms of elements, radicals, and compounds.’
      break down, resolve, separate, reduce, decompose, disintegrate, dissect, divide, assay, test
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    4. 1.4Grammar Resolve (a sentence) into its grammatical elements; parse.
      • ‘First, the words can be exhaustively analysed into their component morphemes.’
      • ‘The reason they failed was because they didn't have the ability to suitably analyze the original Korean sentence for translation into English.’
      • ‘The number of these that can be analyzed as ‘subject, verb, object’ is zero.’
      • ‘You'll be analyzing far more complex sentences by Level 6!’
      • ‘Wh-questions, for example, are analyzed as having the wh-word in situ.’


Late 16th century: influenced by French analyser, from medieval Latin analysis (see analysis).