Definition of analysis in US English:



  • 1Detailed examination of the elements or structure of something.

    ‘statistical analysis’
    count noun ‘an analysis of popular culture’
    • ‘The statistical analyses and their detailed explication will be most appropriate for researchers who share this particular academic niche.’
    • ‘No one knows how much it pumps into the economy - a detailed financial and visitor analysis will follow this year's festival.’
    • ‘A more detailed analysis shows that there is no difference between the perceptions of men and women with regard to their personal safety.’
    • ‘A more detailed analysis of the structure and concepts of Jo and Gwan can be found in the next essay, by Salia Male.’
    • ‘The ability to provide instant access to detailed background analysis and comment pieces brought more depth of coverage than other media could provide.’
    • ‘Mr Darling has said that that the location of some cameras might have to be re-examined after the publication of today's detailed analysis.’
    • ‘Its most recent detailed analysis of the economy suggested that relative poverty worsened during the period of the Celtic tiger boom.’
    • ‘I just can't bear to read the detailed analysis, let alone the actual report, of an enquiry into a very narrow and arguably esoteric event.’
    • ‘His detailed analysis is leavened by gag after gag.’
    • ‘Although this prevented a detailed statistical analysis, the events could still be characterized.’
    • ‘Tough new guidelines would require teachers to carry out a detailed risk analysis that would effectively end any spontaneous bathing or paddling.’
    • ‘This grant will help provide much needed assistance for detailed technical analysis to help build a new Unified Revenue Agency.’
    • ‘To implement it would require a lot of detailed analysis, including integrating it with the benefit system.’
    • ‘The Rake points to this very long, very detailed Paul Auster analysis that I too will have to read later.’
    • ‘In fact, globalization is often not part of the detailed analysis of the case studies given as examples.’
    • ‘It will also enable more detailed analysis of the effects of environmental exposures on health, using routine data.’
    • ‘The basic case study entails the detailed and intensive analysis of a single case.’
    • ‘The task lists resulting from statistical analysis of those surveys were examined to answer the study questions.’
    • ‘The citizens' responses to four questions in the World Values Survey questionnaire have been taken up for detailed analysis.’
    • ‘Funding for the project was based on the sale of detailed survey analysis and reports to interested airlines.’
    examination, investigation, inspection, survey, scanning, study, scrutiny, perusal
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    1. 1.1 The process of separating something into its constituent elements.
      ‘the procedure is often more accurately described as one of synthesis rather than analysis’
      Often contrasted with synthesis
      • ‘Eventually, data from this program will permit a more direct analysis of the process described here.’
      • ‘My old friend and libertarian colleague Leonard Liggio then came up with the following analysis of the historical process.’
      • ‘By a process of task analysis we need to understand much more about what makes a simulation realistic and effective.’
      • ‘According to one group of researchers, this process of analysis is carried out in seven steps.’
      • ‘The shift to decompositional conceptions of analysis was not without precedents, however.’
      dissection, assay, testing
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    2. 1.2 The identification and measurement of the chemical constituents of a substance or specimen.
      ‘samples are sent to the laboratory for analysis’
      count noun ‘analyses of the rocks are consistent with a basaltic composition’
      • ‘The initial structural analysis suggests a detailed rupture mechanism in the aqueous solution.’
      • ‘Electrochemical techniques are also widely used in chemical analysis.’
      • ‘This protein poses interesting questions for those who deal with the detailed analysis of protein structures.’
      • ‘The team relied heavily on the finite element modeling and analysis to define the structure and the suspension system.’
      • ‘Crude chemical analyses identify the rock type as resembling the Earth's ocean floor rather than the Earth's continents.’
    3. 1.3Mathematics The part of mathematics concerned with the theory of functions and the use of limits, continuity, and the operations of calculus.
      • ‘He also made contributions to analytic number theory, Diophantine analysis and numerical functions.’
      • ‘Razmadze wrote the first textbooks in Georgian on analysis and integral calculus.’
      • ‘Then there is real analysis, complex analysis, functional analysis, geometry, set theory, and so on.’
      • ‘König worked on a wide range of topics in algebra, number theory, geometry, set theory, and analysis.’
      • ‘Hahn was a pioneer in set theory and functional analysis and is best remembered for the Hahn - Banach theorem.’
  • 2

    ‘other schools of analysis have evolved out of the original disciplines established by Freud’
    short for psychoanalysis
    • ‘Here the analysis of dreams and the analysis of the transference become indispensable.’
    • ‘It has already been noted that Freud, when conducting an analysis, was ‘curiously impersonal’.’
    • ‘The analyst interprets without due regard for the analysand or the analysand acts without regard for the analyst or the analysis.’
    • ‘This is the same effect as can sometimes happen to us in the course of an analysis or a therapy.’
    • ‘Moreover, it is also possible to imagine that a different psychoanalyst would be able to conduct an analysis with this patient.’


  • in the final analysis

    • When everything has been considered (used to suggest that a statement expresses the basic truth about a complex situation)

      ‘in the final analysis it is a question of political history’
      • ‘Looked at from the outside, however, our situation seems no different from his - for in the last analysis, it is not up to any of us to have the deepest selves we do.’
      • ‘For, in the final analysis, our most basic common link is that we all inhabit this small planet.’
      • ‘But, in the final analysis, Tartt does much more than present a complex, rich, unique character.’
      • ‘Yes, mistakes are made, targets are not achieved, but ultimately the science of hindsight often reveals flaws in the ultimate analysis.’
      • ‘If political laurels go in the last analysis to those prepared to risk everything, then in this sense at least Pitt deserved them.’
      eventually, in the end, in the long run, at length, finally, sooner or later, in time, in the fullness of time, after some time, in the final analysis, when all is said and done, one day, some day, sometime, at last, at long last
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Late 16th century: via medieval Latin from Greek analusis, from analuein ‘unloose’, from ana- ‘up’ + luein ‘loosen’.